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DATA FOR ELEMENTARY-PARTICLE PHYSICS

Description: S>Tables of elementary-particle data in easily accessible form are presented for researchers in highenergy physics. Included are: The Masses used Mean Lives of the Elementary Particles; Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Materials; Particle Scattering; atomic and Nuclear Constants; and Particle Decay and Reaction Dynamics. (T.R.H.)
Date: March 20, 1958
Creator: Barkas, W.H. & Rosenfeld, A.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of heavy charged particles and x-rays for axial tomograpic scanning

Description: Heavy charged particles are applicable to the problem of 3- dimensional reconstruction of electron density distributions of biological samples. The transverse uncertainty in the path of a heavy charged particle due to multiple scattering can be reduced by measuring the entrance and exit positions and angles of the particle. Patient doses for He ions and 80 keV x rays are compared under conditions suitable for imaging the human head. (auth)
Date: September 1, 1975
Creator: Huesman, R.H.; Rosenfeld, A.H. & Solmitz, F.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Nationwide Improvements in Productivity and Health from Better Indoor Environments

Description: Theoretical considerations and empirical data suggest that existing technologies and procedures can improve indoor environments in a manner that significantly increases productivity and health. Existing literature contains moderate to strong evidence that characteristics of buildings and indoor environments significantly influence rates of respiratory disease, allergy and asthma symptoms, sick building symptoms, and worker performance. While there is considerable uncertainty in our estimates of the magnitudes of productivity gains that may be obtained by providing better indoor environments, the projected gains are very large. For the U.S., we estimate potential annual savings and productivity gains of $6 to $19 billion from reduced respiratory disease, $1 to $4 billion from reduced allergies and asthma, $10 to $20 billion from reduced sick building syndrome symptoms, and $12 to $125 billion from direct improvements in worker performance that are unrelated to health. In two example calculations, the potential financial benefits of improving indoor environments exceed costs by a factor of 8 and 14. Productivity gains that are quantified and demonstrated could serve as a strong stimulus for energy efficiency measures that simultaneously improve the indoor environment.
Date: May 1, 1998
Creator: Fisk, W.J. & Rosenfeld, A.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data for Elementary-Particle Physics

Description: These data are provided: Masses and .Mean Lives of Elementary Particles; Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Materials; Particle Scattering; Atomic and Nuclear Constants; Particle Decay and Reaction Dynamics; Tentative Data on Strongly lnteracting Particles and Resonances; and Clebsch-Gordan Coefficients and Spherical Harmonics.
Date: April 30, 1963
Creator: Rosenfeld, A. H. & Barkas, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

Description: Recent accomplishments in buildings energy research by the diverse groups in the Energy Efficient Buildings Program at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) are summarized. We review technological progress in the areas of ventilation and indoor air quality, buildings energy performance, computer modeling, windows, and artificial lighting. The need for actual consumption data to track accurately the improving energy efficiency of buildings is being addressed by the Buildings Energy Data (BED) Group at LBL. We summarize results to date from our Building Energy Use Compilation and Analysis (BECA) studies, which include time trends in the energy consumption of new commercial and new residential buildings, the measured savings being attained by both commercial and residential retrofits, and the cost-effectiveness of buildings energy conservation measures. We also examine recent comparisons of predicted vs. actual energy usage/savings, and present the case for building energy use labels.
Date: December 1, 1982
Creator: Wall, L.W. & Rosenfeld, A.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Policies to reduce heat islands: Magnitudes of benefits and incentives to achieve them

Description: A ``Cool Communities`` strategy of lighter-colored reroofs and resurfaced pavements, and shade trees, can directly lower annual air conditioning bills in Los Angeles (LA) by about $100 million (M), cool the air in the LA Basin (thereby saving indirectly $70M more in air conditioning), and reduce smog exceedance by about 10%, worth another $360M, for a total savings of about $0.5 billion per year. Trees are most effective if they shade buildings; but they are still very cost effective if they merely cool the air by evapotranspiration. Avoided peak power for air conditioning can be about 1.5GW (more than 15% of LA air conditioning). Extrapolated to the entire US, the authors estimate 20GW avoided and potential annual electricity savings of about $5--10B in 2015. To achieve these savings, they call for ratings and labels for cool materials, buildings` performance standards, utility incentive programs, and an extension of the existing smog-offset trading market (RECLAIM) to include credit for cool surfaces and trees. EPA can include cool materials and trees in its proposed regional ``open market smog-offset trading credits``.
Date: May 1, 1996
Creator: Rosenfeld, A.H.; Romm, J.J.; Akbari, H.; Pomerantz, M. & Taha, H.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HUMAN DISEASE FROM RADON EXPOSURES: THE IMPACT OF ENERGY CONSERVATION IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

Description: The level of radon and its daughters inside conventional buildings is often higher than the ambient background level. Interest in conserving energy is motivating homeowners and builers to reduce ventilation and hence to increase the concentration of indoor generated air contaminants, including radon. It is unliekly that the current radiation levels in conventional homes and buildings from radon daughters could account for a significant portion of the lung cancer rate in non-smokers. However, it is likely that some increased lung cancer risk would result from increased radon exposures; hence, it is prudent not to allow radon concentrations to rise significantly. There are several ways to implement energy conservation measures without increasing risks.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Budnitz, R.J.; Berk, J.V.; Hollowell, C.D.; Nazaroff, W.W.; Nero, A.V. & Rosenfeld, A.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Paving materials for heat island mitigation

Description: This report summarizes paving materials suitable for urban streets, driveways, parking lots and walkways. The authors evaluate materials for their abilities to reflect sunlight, which will reduce their temperatures. This in turn reduces the excess air temperature of cities (the heat island effect). The report presents the compositions of the materials, their suitability for particular applications, and their approximate costs (in 1996). Both new and resurfacing are described. They conclude that, although light-colored materials may be more expensive than conventional black materials, a thin layer of light-colored pavement may produce energy savings and smog reductions whose long-term worth is greater than the extra cost.
Date: November 1997
Creator: Pomerantz, M.; Akbari, H.; Chen, A.; Taha, H. & Rosenfeld, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CONSERVATION OPTIONS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY USE: STUDIES USING THE COMPUTER PROGRAM TWOZONE

Description: A computer model called TWOZONE, which differentiates between the thermal behavior of the north and south zones of a house, is used to study the heating and cooling loads of single-family residences. The model agrees well with the available field data and with the NBSLD (NBSFAST) computer program. In this paper we resolve the furnace output into component loads. We show that depending on the climate, there is an optimum glass area and location in the house from the viewpoint of minimizing the yearly heating bill. The effectiveness of several window management strategies is studied. The energy savings and cost effectiveness of various retrofit measures such as ceiling and wall insulation, storm windows, and clock thermostat are evaluated for two different climates.
Date: August 1, 1977
Creator: Wall, L.W.; Dey, T.; Gadgil, A.J.; Lilly, A.B. & Rosenfeld, A.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department