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Internal-flow systems for aircraft

Description: An investigation has been made to determine efficient arrangements for an internal-flow system of an aircraft when such a system operates by itself or in combination with other flow systems. The investigation included a theoretical treatment of the problem and tests in the NACA 5-foot vertical wind tunnel of inlet and outlet openings in a flat plate and in a wing.
Date: 1941
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internal-flow systems for aircraft

Description: An investigation has been made to determine efficient arrangements for an internal-flow system of an aircraft when such a system operates by itself or in combination with other flow systems. The investigation included a theoretical treatment of a problem and tests in the NACA 5-foot vertical wind tunnel of inlet and outlet openings in a flat plate and in a wing. When an internal-flow system tends to decrease the final velocity of it's wake, the results showed that it should be arranged in series with the propulsive system; the inlet opening should be located at a forward stagnation point; and the outlet opening should be so shaped and located as to recover the kinetic energy of the jet without increasing the drag of other portions of the aircraft. When an internal-flow system tends to increase the final velocity new b's wake, as does a propeller, location of the inlet opening in the boundary layer or in the wake of the wing or in the fuselage may be desirable.
Date: October 1940
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of a slot-lip aileron and slotted flap for dive brakes

Description: From Introduction: "As a part of this investigation, a study is being made of test results obtained during the development of devices designed primarily for other purposes, such as high lift or lateral control, but which may also be used for dive control. These results have been reanalyzed and are herein presented in a form that should make them convenient for design purposes."
Date: April 1941
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collection of balanced-aileron test data

Description: From Summary: "Test data of balanced ailerons have been collected from NACA and British sources. These data, which are presented in the form of charts, are grouped as A - ailerons with Frise balances, B - ailerons with blunt-nose balances, C - ailerons with internal balances, D - ailerons with contour modifications, and E - ailerons with tabs. Results of flight tests and of wind-tunnel tests in both two- and three-dimensional flow are presented but no correlation nor resume of the data has been included."
Date: January 1944
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Development of Ailerons for the Curtiss XP-60 Airplane, Special Report

Description: An investigation was made in the LWAL 7- by 10-foot tunnel of internally balanced, sealed ailerons for the Curtiss XP-60 airplane. Ailerons with tabs and. with various amounts of balance were tested. Stick forces were estimated for several aileron arrangements including an arrangement recommended for the airplane. Flight tests of the recommended arrangement are discussed briefly in an appendix, The results of the wind-tunnel and flight tests indicate that the ailerons of large or fast airplanes may be satisfactorily balanced by the method developed.
Date: September 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Lowry, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of a spoiler-slot aileron on an NACA 23012 airfoil with a full-span Fowler flap

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a spoiler-slot aileron on an NACA 23012 airfoil with a full-span 30-percent-chord Fowler flap. The static rolling, yawing, and hinge moments were determined for several angles of attack and flap deflections. The ineffective region could be eliminated by a provision in the aileron linkage that would automatically uprig the ailerons as the flap is deflected.
Date: December 1941
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Spano, Bartholomew S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA 23012 airfoil with 30 percent-chord venetian-blind flaps

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation made in the NACA 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel of a NACA 23012 airfoil with 30-percent-chord venetian-blind flaps having one, two, three, and four slats of Clark y section. The three-slat arrangements was aerodynamically the best of those tested but showed practically no improvement over the comparable arrangement used in the preliminary tests published in NACA Technical Report No. 689. The multiple-slat flaps gave slightly higher lift coefficients than the one-slat (Fowler) flap but gave considerably greater pitching-moment coefficients. An analysis of test data indicates that substitution of a thicker and more cambered section for the Clark y slats should improve the aerodynamic and the structural characteristics of the venetian-blind flap.
Date: 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Spano, Bartholomew S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a Plain Aileron with Various Trailing-Edge Modifications on a Tapered Wing, 3: Ailerons with Simple and Spring-Linked Balancing Tabs

Description: Aerodynamics data are obtained for the design of linked balancing tabs and effect of varied tab span and location to produce suitable lateral control characteristics with reasonable stick pressures for high-speed aircraft. Simple and spring-linked balancing tabs may considerably reduce control pressures if aileron system is designed for low maximum aileron deflection. Spring-linked tabs also decrease variation of stick pressure with speed and impart better controlllability at low speeds.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Purser, Paul E. & Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel investigation of a plain aileron with various trailing-edge modifications on a tapered wing 2: ailerons with thickened and beveled trailing edges

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot tunnel of various modifications to the trailing edge of a 0.155-chord plain aileron on a semispan model of the tapered wing of a fighter airplane. The stick forces and rates of roll were estimated for a fighter airplane with the plain and modified ailerons.
Date: October 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Purser, Paul E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA full-span high-lift lateral-control combination 1: section characteristics, NACA 23012 airfoil

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel to determine the aerodynamic section characteristics of several arrangements of an NACA full-span high-lift lateral-control combination. The combination consists of a full-span flap of airfoil profile that retracts ahead of a narrow-chord full-span aileron. Results regarding coefficients, precision, plain airfoil, determination of optimum aileron-flap arrangement, section aerodynamic characteristics, and lateral-control characteristics are provided.
Date: July 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Lowry, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of a plain aileron and a balanced aileron on a tapered wing with full-span duplex flaps

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a plain aileron and a balanced aileron on a tapered wing with full-span duplex flaps, which consisted of an inboard NACA slotted flap and an outboard balanced split flap. Increments of maximum lift coefficient of 0.82 and 1.04 were obtained from the inboard flap alone and from the duplex-flap combination.
Date: July 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Lowry, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a Plain and a Slot-Lip Aileron on a Wing With a Full-Span Flap Consisting of an Inboard Fowler and an Outboard Slotted Flap

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a slot-lip aileron and a plain aileron, singly and in combination, on an NACA 23012 wing with a full-span flap. The characteristics of these lateral-control devices were essentially the same as those of similar devices on the wing with full-span NACA slotted flaps as tested in a previous investigation.
Date: June 1941
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Schuldenfrei, Marvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Trimming Tabs on a Thickened and Beveled Aileron on a Tapered Low-Drag Wing

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 7- by 10-foot tunnel of three inset tabs and of one attached tab on the beveled aileron of a low-drag wing. The results indicated that, of the arrangements tested, an inset tab with a chord 50 percent of the aileron chord provided the most satisfactory trimming characteristics on a beveled aileron.
Date: March 1943
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Crandall, Stewart M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of a full-span retractable flap in combination with full-span plain and internally balanced ailerons on a tapered wing

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation into a full-span retractable flap in combination with a full-span plain and internally balanced ailerons on a tapered wing of a typical fighter airplane.The flap was designed to improve lateral control during high lifts for landing and take-off. The effects on the maximum life coefficient, aileron effectiveness, estimated rates of roll, and stick forces are provided.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.; Lowry, John G. & Fischel, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department