4 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Design control and scientific investigations: Is there any linkage?

Description: The quality assurance requirements that apply to the effort to achieve safe transportation, storage, and disposal of high-level nuclear waste specify that ``design control`` be applied to design activities. That effort also involves extensive scientific investigation activities to, among other things, develop information that may be used in engineering design activities. Individuals who are charged with the implementation of such quality assurance requirements have come to a variety of conclusions about whether there is any firm linkage between design control and the conduct of scientific investigations. This paper contends that there is a reasonable and necessary linkage between ``design control`` and scientific activities, though not a connection that has traditionally been made and not one addressed in the QA standards for radioactive waste management programs.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Richards, R.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

QA lessons learned for parameter control from the WIPP Project

Description: This paper provides a summary of lessons learned from experiences on the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WJPP) Project in implementation of quality assurance controls surrounding inputs for performance assessment analysis. Since the performance assessment (PA) process is inherent in compliance determination for any waste repository, these lessons-learned are intended to be useful to investigators, analysts, and Quality Assurance (QA) practitioners working on high level waste disposal projects. On the WIPP Project, PA analyses for regulatory-compliance determination utilized several inter-related computer programs (codes) that mathematically modeled phenomena such as radionuclide release, retardation, and transport. The input information for those codes are the parameters that are the subject of this paper. Parameters were maintained in a computer database, which was then queried electronically by the PA codes whenever input was needed as the analyses were run.
Date: January 1, 1998
Creator: Richards, R.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zeroing in on requirements: Sandia National Laboratories` approach to meaningful program improvement

Description: The necessity to evaluate our participant Quality Assurance (QA) Program for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) against the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) issued December 1992, presented an opportunity to improve the QA Program. For some time, the SNL YMP technical staff had complained that the QA requirements imposed on their work were cumbersome and inhibited their ability to perform investigations using scientific methods. There was some truth to this, since SNL had over the years developed some procedures with many detailed controls that were far beyond what was required by project QA requirements. This had occurred either as a result of responding to numerous audit findings with a ``make the auditor happy`` attitude or with an attempt to cover every contingency. Procedures affecting scientific work were authored by the technical staff in an effort to provide them with ownership of the process; unfortunately, there were problems. Procedures were inconsistent because of the varied writing styles and differing perceptions of the degree of QA controls required to implement the program. It was extremely difficult to get all of the technical staff to accept the QA program as it was intended. These issues were endemic to the program and resulted in the QARD, the actual requirements, being written by a team of QA professionals. Once new QARD requirements were issued, an opportunity to evaluate the QA Program and to revise it not only to meet the QARD, but also to make it more plausible and meaningful to the technical staff, was presented. The discussion that follows will describe how the program was changed, will present both the positive and negative experiences observed by SNL personnel during the QARD transition, and will provide some recommendations.
Date: August 1, 1994
Creator: Friend, J.C.; Richards, R.R. & Jaramillo, C.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Microcalorimetric measurement of reaction enthalpies in solutions of uranium and neptunium compounds

Description: The formation of complexes of uranyl and neptunyl(VI) ions with carbonate and hydrogen carbonate has been studied by titration microcalorimetry. The measurements were carried out with a computer-controlled microcalorimeter which is described in detail. Sample volumes are typically in the range of 1.5 to 2.5 ccm, containing about 0.05 millimole of the ionic species to be studied. The small volume renders the calorimeter useful for the measurement of uncommon and strongly radioactive substances. Enthalpies of reaction were obtained for the formation of the dicarbonato and the tricarbonato uranyl ions in a sulfate medium of ionic strength 1.6. The enthalpies are ..delta..H/sub 2/ = -39.6 +- 1 kJ/mol and -57.5 +- 1.5 kJ/mol, respectively. The titration data for the neptunyl(VI) - carbonate system yield a value of -50 +- 2 kJ/mol for the tricarbonato-neptunyl ion when interpreted in analogy to the uranyl system.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Schreiner, F.; Friedman, A.M.; Richards, R.R. & Sullivan, J.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department