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July 16th nuclear explosion: Permanent earth displacement

Description: A measurement was made of the permanent earth movement in the neighborhood of the tower caused by the nuclear explosion at Trinity. The crater was apparently formed by a compression phenomenon and was noted to be much shallower than craters formed by ordinary high explosives. Scaling up existing information on the radius of craters, the TNT equivalence of the nuclear bomb is given as 10,000 tons to within 50 percent. Observations were made on the damage in the crater region and suggestions are given as to the nature of structure which might be expected to withstand the blast close to the gadget. It is also noted that, despite previous opinion to the contrary, it is apparently possible to reduce greatly the volume of earth blown away by the blast by suitably protecting the ground.
Date: October 3, 1945
Creator: Reines, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status and aims of the DUMAND neutrino project: the ocean as a neutrino detector

Description: The possibility of using the ocean as a neutrino detector is considered. Neutrino-produced interactions result in charged particles that generate Cherenkov radiation in the water, which can be detected by light-gathering equipment and photomultipliers. The properties of the ocean as seen from this standpoint are critically examined, and the advantages and disadvantages pointed out. Possible uses for such a neutrino detector include (1) the detection of neutrinos emitted in gravitational collapse of stars (supernova production), not only in our own galaxy, but in other galaxies up to perhaps twenty-million light-years away, (2) the extension of high-energy neutrino physics, as currently practiced up to 200 GeV at high-energy accelerators, to energies up to 50 times higher, using neutrinos generated in the atmosphere by cosmic rays, and (3) the possible detection of neutrinos produced by cosmic-ray interactions outside the earth's atmosphere. The technology for such an undertaking seems to be within reach.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Roberts, A.; Blood, H.; Learned, J. & Reines, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A research program in neutrino physics, cosmic rays and elementary particles. Progress report for Task A

Description: Physics interests of the group are focused primarily on tests of conservation laws and studies of fundamental interactions between particles. There is also a significant interest in astrophysics and cosmic rays. Task A consists of three experimental programs; a Double-Beta Decay study (currently at the Hoover Dam), a Reactor Neutrino program (until this year at Savannah River), and the IMB Proton Decay experiment in a Cleveland salt mine. Discussion of the research in each area is given.
Date: August 1, 1991
Creator: Reines, F. & Sobel, H.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Detection of the Free Neutrino

Description: The experiment previously proposed [to Detect the Free Neutrino] has been initiated, with a Hanford pile as a neutrino source. It appears probable that neutrino detection has been accomplished, and confirmatory work is in progress. (K.S.)
Date: August 1, 1953
Creator: Reines, F. & Cowan, C. L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Large-Area Liquid Scintillation Detector Slab

Description: A low-cost detector 18' x 2' x 5" has been developed for an underground cosmic ray neutrino experiment. The liquid employed is a high-clarity mineral oil-based mixture, and light is guided to the ends of the detector by total internal reflection at the surface of the Lucite container. Signals from 2 five-inch photomultipliers at each end give energy and event location for single penetrating particles, with relatively good discrimination against natural radioactivity by virtue of the substantial thickness. Data are presented on the response function of the tank, energy resolution, rates and thresholds. A number of modifications that have been tried are also described.
Date: March 1, 1966
Creator: Crouch, M. F.; Gurr, H. S.; Hruschka, A. A.; Jenkins, T. L.; Kropp, W.; Reines, F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department