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Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications, III aerosols: Issue 164

Description: This report presents abstracts in Russian and translated into English of important Russian-language literature concerning aerosols as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.
Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Razuvaev, V.N. & Ssivachok, S.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cloud cover and type over the former USSR, 1936-83; trends derived from the RIHMI-WDC 223-station 6- and 3-hourly meteorological database

Description: This paper presents trends analyses of sky cover data from the former U.S.S.R. for the period 1936-83. Observations of total cloud amount, low cloud amount, and low-, middle-, and high-cloud type from 223 stations were obtained from a database of 6- and 3-hourly meteorological observations compiled at the Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Centre in Obninsk, Russia. Station data were averaged over various-sized grid boxes and linear trends in seasonal mean total cloud amount, low cloud amount, frequency of occurrence of cirrus clouds, cirrus amount, and frequency of clear sky were computed for the period 1936-83.
Date: July 1995
Creator: Kaiser, D. P. & Razuvaev, V. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Six- and three-hourly meteorological observations from 223 USSR stations

Description: This document describes a database containing 6- and 3-hourly meteorological observations from a 223-station network of the former Soviet Union. These data have been made available through cooperation between the two principal climate data centers of the United States and Russia: the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), in Asheville, North Carolina, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information -- World Data Centre (RIHMI-WDC) in Obninsk. Station records consist of 6- and 3-hourly observations of some 24 meteorological variables including temperature, weather type, precipitation amount, cloud amount and type, sea level pressure, relative humidity, and wind direction and speed. The 6-hourly observations extend from 1936 to 1965; the 3-hourly observations extend from 1966 through the mid-1980s (1983, 1984, 1985, or 1986; depending on the station). These data have undergone extensive quality assurance checks by RIHMI-WDC, NCDC, and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). The database represents a wealth of meteorological information for a large and climatologically important portion of the earth`s land area, and should prove extremely useful for a wide variety of regional climate change studies. These data are available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP) from CDIAC. The NDP consists of this document and 40 data files that are available via the Internet or on 8mm tape. The total size of the database is {approximately}2.6 gigabytes.
Date: April 1, 1995
Creator: Razuvaev, V.N.; Apasova, E.B.; Martuganov, R.A. & Kaiser, D.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

Description: This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Burtis, M. D.; Razuvaev, V. N. & Sivachok, S. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The distribution of cloud cover over the former USSR as derived from the RIHMI 223-Station 3-hourly meteorological database

Description: In recent years a great deal of meteorological and climatological data has been exchanged between the two principal climate data centers of the United States and the former Soviet Union: the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), in Asheville, North Carolina, and the Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information (RIHMI) in Obninsk, Russia. This was accomplished via Working Group VIB (Influence of Environmental Changes on Climate) of the bilateral initiative known as the Agreement on Protection of the Environment, established on May 23, 1972 by the United States and the USSR. One of the key datasets compiled by RIHMI includes 3-hourly meteorological observations from 223 USSR stations for the period 1966-83. RIHMI has chosen to use daily and hourly data from these stations as the basis for considerable climate research efforts. These data (hereafter referred to as the RIHMI database) will soon be made available by both NCDC and the Department of Energy`s Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The data have undergone extensive quality assurance checks at RIHMI, NCDC, and CDIAC. The data contain observations of some 22 meteorological variables, including near-surface air temperature, sea level pressure, precipitation amount, weather type, and total cloud cover. This study uses the RIHMI database to examine the spatial distribution of total cloud cover over the former USSR (hereafter referred to as the USSR). In this initial assessment, we focus on comparing our results with total cloud cover data presented in the atlas: Global Distribution of Total Cloud Cover and Cloud Type Amounts Over Land for the common data period 1971-81.
Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Kaiser, D. P.; Vose, R. S.; Karl, T. R. & Razuvaev, V. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Daily temperature and precipitation data for 223 USSR Stations

Description: On- May 23, 1972, the United States and the USSR established a bilateral initiative known as the Agreement on Protection of the Environment. Given recent interest in possible greenhouse gas-induced climate change, Working Group VIII (Influence of Environmental Changes on Climate) has become particularly useful to the scientific communities of both nations. Among its many achievements, Working Group VIII has been instrumental in the exchange of climatological information between the principal climate data centers of each country [i.e., the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina, and the Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information in Obninsk, Russia]. Considering the relative lack of climate records previously available for the USSR, data obtained via this bilateral exchange are particularly valuable to researchers outside the former Soviet Union. To expedite the dissemination of these data, NOAA`s Climate and Global Change Program funded the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and NCDC to distribute one of the more useful archives acquired through this exchange: a 223-station daily data set covering the period 1881-1989. This data set contains: (1) daily mean, minimum, and maximum temperature data; (2) daily precipitation data; (3) station inventory information (WMO No., name, coordinates, and elevation); (4) station history information (station relocation and rain gauge replacement dates); and (5) quality assurance information (i.e., flag codes that were assigned as a result of various data checks). The data set is available, free of charge, as a Numeric Data Package (NDP) from CDIAC. The NDP consists of 18 data files and a printed document which describes both the data files and the 223-station network in detail.
Date: November 1, 1993
Creator: Razuvaev, V. N.; Apasova, E. G.; Martuganov, R. A.; Vose, R. S. & Steurer, P. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department