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Progress on the Development of a Single Line of Sight X-ray Framing Camera

Description: High-speed micro-strip micro-channel plate (MCP) x-ray framing cameras are a well established diagnostic for laser plasma experiments. Each frame acquired with these devices requires a separate image, and with most reasonable x-ray optics, a separate line of sight, causing potential parallax problems. Gated image tubes have a single line of sight capability, but the conventional designs have not been effectively extended to the short gating times of the micro-strip-line MCP camera. A hybrid camera combining image tube and micro-strip-line MCP technology has been under development at LLNL in collaboration with UR/LLE, and KENTECH Instruments. The key feature of this single line of sight (SLOS) hybrid image tube is a deflection assembly that continuously divides the electrons from a single photocathode x-ray image into a set of four electron images. Temporal gating of these images is carried out using a microstripline microchannel plate framing camera module positioned at the image plane of the electron tube. Characterization measurements performed using both X-rays from a Manson source and from laser generated plasmas, will be presented. Some implementation improvements will be discussed. The results will be compared to simulations carried out using the charged particle optics code SIMION. Various dissector designs were simulated in an effort to improve the image quality of the system.
Date: April 9, 2004
Creator: Bradley, D; Holder, J; Damian, C; Piston, K; Bell, P; Dymoke-Bradshaw, A et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of a near back-scattering imaging system on the National Ignition Facility

Description: A near back-scattering imaging diagnostic system has been implemented, qualified and fielded on the first quad of beams on the National Ignition Facility. This diagnostic images diffusing scatter plates, placed around the final focus lenses on the NIF target chamber, to quantitatively measure the fraction of light back-scattered outside of the incident cone of the focusing optics. The imaging system consists of a wide-angle lens coupled to a gated CCD camera, providing 3mm resolution over a 2m field of view. To account for changes of the system throughput due to exposure to target debris the system was routinely calibrated in situ at 532nm and 355nm using a dedicated pulsed laser source. The diagnostic and calibration methods will be described together with recent results from the NIF early light shots.
Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Mackinnon, A J; Niemann, C; Piston, K; Holtmeier, G; McCarville, T J; Jones, G et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

3w Transmitted Beam Diagnostic at the Omega Laser Facility

Description: A 3{omega} transmitted beam diagnostic has been commissioned on the Omega Laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester [Soures et.al., Laser Part. Beams 11 (1993)]. Transmitted light from one beam is collected by a large focusing mirror and directed onto a diagnostic platform. The near field of the transmitted light is imaged; the system collects information from twice the original f-cone of the beam. Two gated optical cameras capture the near field image of the transmitted light. Thirteen spatial positions around the measurement region are temporally resolved using fast photodiodes to allow a measure of the beam spray evolution. The Forward stimulated Raman scattering and forward simulated Brillion scattering are spectrally and temporally resolved at 5 independent locations within twice the original f-cone. The total transmitted energy is measured in two spectral bands ({delta}{lambda} < 400 nm and {delta}{lambda} > 400 nm).
Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Froula, D H; Rekow, V; Sorce, C; Piston, K; Knight, R; Alvarez, S et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment and Mitigation of Diagnostic-Generated Electromagnetic Interference at the National Ignition Facility

Description: Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is an ever-present challenge at laser facilities such as the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The major source of EMI at such facilities is laser-target interaction that can generate intense electromagnetic fields within, and outside of, the laser target chamber. In addition, the diagnostics themselves can be a source of EMI, even interfering with themselves. In this paper we describe EMI generated by ARIANE and DIXI, present measurements, and discuss effects of the diagnostic-generated EMI on ARIANE's CCD and on a PMT nearby DIXI. Finally we present some of the efforts we have made to mitigate the effects of diagnostic-generated EMI on NIF diagnostics.
Date: April 20, 2012
Creator: Brown, C. G.; Ayers, M. J.; Felker, B.; Ferguson, W.; Holder, J P; Nagel, S. R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Images of the Laser Entrance Hole from the Static X-ray Imager at NIF

Description: The Static X-ray Imager (SXI) at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a pinhole camera using a CCD detector to obtain images of hohlraum wall x-ray drive illumination patterns seen through the laser entrance hole (LEH). Carefully chosen filters combined with the CCD response allows recording images in the x-ray range of 3 to 5 keV with 60 {micro}m spatial resolution. The routines used to obtain the apparent size of the backlit LEH, and the location and intensity of beam spots are discussed and compared to predictions. A new soft x-ray channel centered at 870 eV (near the x-ray peak of a 300 eV temperature ignition hohlraum) is discussed.
Date: May 4, 2010
Creator: Schneider, M; Jones, O; Meezan, N; Milovich, J; Town, R; Alvarez, S et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The First Experiments on the National Ignition Facility

Description: A first set of laser-plasma interaction, hohlraum energetics and hydrodynamic experiments have been performed using the first 4 beams of the National Ignition Facility (NIF), in support of indirect drive Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and High Energy Density Physics (HEDP). In parallel, a robust set of optical and x-ray spectrometers, interferometer, calorimeters and imagers have been activated. The experiments have been undertaken with laser powers and energies of up to 8 TW and 17 kJ in flattop and shaped 1-9 ns pulses focused with various beam smoothing options.
Date: November 11, 2005
Creator: Landen, O L; Glenzer, S; Froula, D; Dewald, E; Suter, L J; Schneider, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department