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Extra dimensions vs. supersymmetric interpretation of missing energy events at a linear collider

Description: The photon plus missing energy signature is a primary handle on two important classes of theories. Theories with large extra dimensions predict the production of photons in association with Kaluza-Klein excitations of the graviton. In supersymmetric theories with superlight gravitinos, photons can be produced in association with gravitino pairs. The signatures for these two theories are compared, and it is found that they can be distinguished by studying the photon energy distributions and scaling of the cross section with center-of-mass energy. Both these methods fail, however, if there are six extra dimensions. In that case, additional phenomena predicted by the theories would be required to narrow down the underlying causes of the photon plus missing energy signal. We also study the ability of these measurements to determine the number of extra dimensions.
Date: October 25, 2001
Creator: Gopalakrishna, Shrihari; Perelstein, Maxim & Wells, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collider Tests of the Little Higgs Model

Description: The little Higgs model provides an alternative to traditional candidates for new physics at the TeV scale. The new heavy gauge bosons predicted by this model should be observable at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We discuss how the LHC experiments could test the little Higgs model by studying the production and decay of these particles.
Date: December 16, 2002
Creator: Burdman, Gustavo; Perelstein, Maxim & Pierce, Aaron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SN1987A Constraints on Large Compact Dimensions

Description: Recently there has been a lot of interest in models in which gravity becomes strong at the TeV scale. The observed weakness of gravitational interactions is then explained by the existence of extra compact dimensions of space, which are accessible to gravity but not to Standard Model particles. In this letter we consider graviton emission into these extra dimensions from a hot supernova core. The phenomenology of SN1987A places strong constraints on this energy loss mechanism, allowing us to derive a bound on the fundamental Planck scale. For the case of two extra dimensions we obtain a very strong bound of M {ge} 50 TeV, which corresponds to a radius R {le} 0.3 {micro}m. While there are a lot of sources of uncertainty associated with this bound, we find that pushing it down to the few-TeV range, which could in principle be probed by ground-based experiments, is disfavored. For three or more extra dimensions the SN1987A constraints do not exclude a TeV gravitational scale.
Date: March 23, 1999
Creator: Perelstein, Maxim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Late Time Neutrino Masses, the LSND Experiment and the Cosmic Microwave Background

Description: Models with low-scale breaking of global symmetries in the neutrino sector provide an alternative to the seesaw mechanism for understanding why neutrinos are light. Such models can easily incorporate light sterile neutrinos required by the LSND experiment. Furthermore, the constraints on the sterile neutrino properties from nucleosynthesis and large scale structure can be removed due to the non-conventional cosmological evolution of neutrino masses and densities. We present explicit, fully realistic supersymmetric models, and discuss the characteristic signatures predicted in the angular distributions of the cosmic microwave background.
Date: May 7, 2004
Creator: Chacko, Z.; Hall, Lawrence J.; Oliver, Steven J. & Perelstein, Maxim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collider signature of T-quarks

Description: Little Higgs models with T Parity contain new vector-like fermions, the T-odd quarks or ''T-quarks'', which can be produced at hadron colliders with a QCD-strength cross section. Events with two acoplanar jets and large missing transverse energy provide a simple signature of T-quark production. We show that searches for this signature with the Tevatron Run II data can probe a significant part of the Little Higgs model parameter space not accessible to previous experiments, exploring T-quark masses up to about 400 GeV. This reach covers parts of the parameter space where the lightest T-odd particle can account for the observed dark matter relic abundance. We also comment on the prospects for this search at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Date: October 1, 2006
Creator: Carena, Marcela; Hubisz, Jay; /Fermilab; Perelstein, Maxim; /Cornell U., LEPP; Verdier, Patrice et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploring new physics through contact interactions in lepton pair production at a linear collider

Description: If a contact interaction type correction to a Standard Model process is observed, studying its detailed properties can provide information on the fundamental physics responsible for it. Assuming that such a correction has been observed in lepton pair production at a 500 GeV-1 TeV linear collider, we consider a few possible models that could explain it, such as theories with large and TeV-scale extra dimensions and models with lepton compositeness. We show that using the measured cross-sections and angular distributions, these models can be distinguished with a high degree of confidence.
Date: December 4, 2001
Creator: Perelstein, Maxim & Pasztor, Gabriella
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department