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Computing tools for accelerator design

Description: An algorithm has been developed that calculates and obtains information about nonlinear contributions in accelerators. The comparison of the results obtained from this program ''NONLIN'' and HARMON is discussed and illustrated for the SSC-CDR clustered lattices.
Date: June 1, 1986
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical method for treatment of nonlinear resonances in accelerators

Description: An analytical method has been developed for investigating the nonlinear effects on the dynamical systems such as circular accelerators including the perturbation of tune; emittance growth; Hamiltonian resonance strength; generating function resonance strengths; fixed points; Chirikov criteria; island width, etc. We have incorporated some of our results into an algorithm which we used to study the structure resonances in the Booster, RHIC, and the SSC. A brief theoretical discussion is given. Using program NONLIN the structure resonances of the SSC CDR clustered lattice are analyzed and some of the results are tabulated.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected topics in particle accelerators: Proceedings of the CAP meetings. Volume 5

Description: This Report includes copies of transparencies and notes from the presentations made at the Center for Accelerator Physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory Editing and changes to the authors` contributions in this Report were made only to fulfill the publication requirements. This volume includes notes and transparencies on nine presentations: ``The Energy Exchange and Efficiency Consideration in Klystrons``, ``Some Properties of Microwave RF Sources for Future Colliders + Overview of Microwave Generation Activity at the University of Maryland``, ``Field Quality Improvements in Superconducting Magnets for RHIC``, ``Hadronic B-Physics``, ``Spiking Pulses from Free Electron Lasers: Observations and Computational Models``, ``Crystalline Beams in Circular Accelerators``, ``Accumulator Ring for AGS & Recent AGS Performance``, ``RHIC Project Machine Status``, and ``Gamma-Gamma Colliders.``
Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected topics in particle accelerators: Proceedings of the CAP meetings. Volume 4

Description: This Report includes copies of transparencies and notes from the presentations made at the Center for Accelerator Physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Editing and changes to the authors` contributions in this Report were made only to fulfill the publication requirements. This volume includes notes and transparencies on eight presentations: ``Application of Accelerator-Driven Spallation Targets - Including Tritium Production and Nuclear Waste Transmutation``, ``BNL 5 MW Pulsed Spallation Neutron Source Study``, ``Designing and Understanding of Magnets with the Help of Conformal Mapping``, ``Laser - Electron Beam Scattering Coherent Compton X-Ray Sources``, ``The LHC Project``, ``Optimization of the Photocathode-Linac Separation for the ATF [Accelerator Test Facility] Injection System``, ``On CEBAF Commissioning: First Results``, and ``The Proposed Booster Application Facility at BNL``. An Appendix lists dates, topics, and speakers from October 1989 to December 1994.
Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected topics in particle accelerators: Proceedings of the CAP meetings. Volume 3

Description: This Report includes copies of transparencies and notes from the presentations made at the Center for Accelerator Physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Editing and changes to authors` contributions in this Report were made only to fulfill the publication requirements. This volume includes notes and transparencies on eight presentations: ``Inverse Cherenkov Laser Acceleration of Electron Beams``, ``High Brightness Field Emission Cathodes``, ``QCD/Teraflop Collaboration: The Future of Supercomputing``, ``Report on Dipole R&D``, ``Reaching Maximum Luminosity in Hadron Colliders at 10-100 TeV``, ``STAR Collaboration Project Status Report: Quarks and Gluons``, ``PHENIX Collaboration Project Status Report``, and ``Update on Status of BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Project: RHIC Design Issues.``
Date: October 1995
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On dynamic aperture

Description: Nonlinear perturbation can alter the beam behavior in dynamical systems. For example, nonlinear fields due to sextupoles or octupoles can perturb the motion of the beam of particles in accelerators. If the perturbation is increased, at some point, the motion of the beam become unstable and chaotic. In the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) a proton would interact 10{sup 12} times (in {approximately}10{sup 9} revolutions) with the local nonlinear magnetic fields which can cause the deviations, of the beams from the designed orbit, and lead to loss of particles. We present an analytical method to study the beam stability in large accelerators such as SSC, (and an alternate to using kick'' approximation (particle tracking) over large time intervals). This includes stability factor f'' which determines the convergence of the superconvergent perturbation theory, and the behavior of the system, e.g., stable if f > 1, and unstable if f < 1. The critical point where the system makes the transition from stable (f > 1) to chaotic (f < 1) behavior corresponds to f = 1, the point at which the size of the beam is defined as the dynamic aperture in accelerators. 10 refs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of variation of the laser pulse width on the laser induced photoelectrons

Description: The effects of the variation of the Laser pulse width on the laser induced photoelectrons, from the BNL gun is presented, including the variation in the emittance of the beam, which is crucial to the operation of a Free Electron Laser (FEL). The radio-frequency (RF) electron gun with a photocathode in the end wall of an RF cavity is excited by a laser pulse that is synchronized with the RF, is powered by a conventional type SLAC klystron, and is designed to produce a low emittance beam of 4.65 MeV at the gun exit with the field gradient of 100 MV/m on the Cathode.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam emittance and the effects of the rf, space charge and wake fields: Application to the ATF photoelectron beam

Description: Laser driven photoelectron guns are of interest for use in new methods of accelerations, future development of Linear Colliders and new experiments such as Free Electron laser (IFEL). Such guns are potential source of low emittance-high current and short bunch length electron beams, where the emitted electrons are accelerated quickly to a relativistic energy by a strong rf, electric field in the cavity. We present a brief overview of the beam dynamic studies, e.g. emittance for the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) ATF high brightness photocathode radio frequency gun (now in operation), and show the effects of the rf, Space Charge, and Wake fields on the photoelectrons. 4 refs., 7 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Space charge and wake field analysis for a high brightness electron source

Description: We present a brief overview of the formalism used, and some simulation results for transverse and longitudinal motion of a bunch of particles moving through a cavity (e.g., the Brookhaven National Laboratory high brightness photocathode gun), including effects of the accelerating field, space charge forces (e.g., arising from the interaction of the cavity surface and the self field of the bunch). 3 refs., 12 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accelerator physics and modeling: Proceedings

Description: This report contains papers on the following topics: Physics of high brightness beams; radio frequency beam conditioner for fast-wave free-electron generators of coherent radiation; wake-field and space-charge effects on high brightness beams. Calculations and measured results for BNL-ATF; non-linear orbit theory and accelerator design; general problems of modeling for accelerators; development and application of dispersive soft ferrite models for time-domain simulation; and bunch lengthening in the SLC damping rings.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of a high brightness photo electron beam with self field and wake field effects

Description: High brightness sources are the basic ingredients in the new accelerator developments such as Free-Electron Laser experiments. The effects of the interactions between the highly charged particles and the fields in the accelerating structure, e.g. R.F., Space charge and Wake fields can be detrimental to the beam and the experiments. We present and discuss the formulation used, some simulation and results for the Brookhaven National Laboratory high brightness beam that illustrates effects of the accelerating field, space charge forces (e.g. due to self field of the bunch), and the wake field (e.g. arising from the interaction of the cavity surface and the self field of the bunch).
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the CAP meetings, November 1990--February 1991

Description: This report contains viewgraph material on the following topics: on beam emittance -- application to ATF; a review of Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility (AFT); on development of a superconducting RFQ at Stony Brook University; development of new methods for charged particle acceleration at Yerevan Physics Institute; theory of high gain free electron laser; on ultra violet free electron laser at BNL; high luminosity at SSC; and nonlinear dynamics studies of accelerators.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Parsa, Z. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

INTENSE NEUTRINO BEAMS AND LEPTONIC CP VIOLATION.

Description: Effects of the Leptonic CP violating phase, {delta}, on 3 generation neutrino oscillation rates and asymmetries are discussed. A figure of merit argument is used to show that our ability to measure the phase 6 is rather insensitive to the value of {theta}{sub 13} (for sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} {approx}&gt; 0.01) as well as the detector distance (for very long oscillation baselines). Using a study of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations for BNL-Homestake (2540 km) we show that a conventional horn focused wide band neutrino beam generated by an intense 1-2 MW proton source combined with a very large water Cherenkov detector (250-500 kton) should be able to determine {delta} to about {+-}15{sup o} in 5 x 10{sup 7} sec. of running. In addition, such an effort would also measure the other oscillation parameters ({theta}{sub ij}, {Delta}m{sub ij}{sup 2}) with high precision. Similar findings apply to a Fermilab-Homestake (1280 km) baseline. We also briefly discuss features of Superbeams, Neutrino Factories and Beta-Beams.
Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: MARCIANO, W. & PARSA, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stellar nucleosynthesis and the 24-keV neutron capture cross sections of some heavy nuclei

Description: The neutron capture cross sections of /sup 112/Sn, /sup 130/Ba, /sup 146/Nd, /sup 148/Nd, /sup 186/W, /sup 190/Os, and /sup 192/Os at 24 keV neutron energy were measured with respect to /sup 197/Au by activation in a 24 keV neutron beam at the Brookhaven High Flux Beam Reactor. The reliability of this technique was verified by remeasuring the cross section of /sup 186/W and comparing it to previous measurements. This continuing series of measurements will provide a more reliable data base for nucleosynthesis calculations. 12 references.
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Bradley, T.; Parsa, Z.; Stelts, M.L. & Chrien, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam stability and nonlinear dynamics. Summary report

Description: A {open_quotes}Beam Stability and Nonlinear Dynamics{close_quotes} Symposium was held October 3-5, 1996 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP) in Santa Barbara. This was one of the 3 symposia hosted by the ITP and supported by its sponsor, the National Science Foundation, as part of our {open_quotes}New Ideas for Particle Accelerators{close_quotes} program. The symposia was organized and chaired by Dr. Zohreh Parsa of ITP/ Brookhaven National Laboratory. The purpose of this symposium was to deal with some of the fundamental theoretical problems of accelerator physics by bringing together leaders from accelerator physics communities, mathematics, and other fields of physics. The focus was on nonlinear dynamics and beam stability. The symposium began with some defining talks on relevant mathematical topics such as single-particle Hamiltonian dynamics, chaos, and new ideas in symplectic integrators. The physics topics included single-particle and many-particle dynamics. These topics concern circular accelerators in which particles circulate for a very large number of turns as well as linear accelerators where space charge and wakefields induced in accelerating cavities play a strong role. A major question is to determine the best model for numerical simulations in order to accurately reproduce behavior of beams in real accelerators and to predict long-term or long distance stability. Comparison with experiment is recognized as an important tool in improving models.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Future high energy colliders symposium. Summary report

Description: A `Future High Energy Colliders` Symposium was held October 21-25, 1996 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP) in Santa Barbara. This was one of the 3 symposia hosted by the ITP and supported by its sponsor, the National Science Foundation, as part of a 5 month program on `New Ideas for Particle Accelerators`. The long term program and symposia were organized and coordinated by Dr. Zohreh Parsa of Brookhaven National Laboratory/ITP. The purpose of the symposium was to discuss the future direction of high energy physics by bringing together leaders from the theoretical, experimental and accelerator physics communities. Their talks provided personal perspectives on the physics objectives and the technology demands of future high energy colliders. Collectively, they formed a vision for where the field should be heading and how it might best reach its objectives.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Muon Dynamics and Ionization Cooling at Muon Collider

Description: Muon Dynamics and beam cooling methods for muon colliders are presented. Formulations and effects of Ionization cooling as the preferred method used to compress the phase space to reduce the emittance and to obtain high luminosity muon beams are also included.
Date: November 1, 1998
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ionization cooling and muon dynamics

Description: Muon colliders potential to provide a probe for fundamental particle physics is very interesting. To obtain the needed collider luminosity, the phase space volume must be greatly reduced within the muon life time. The Ionization cooling is the preferred method used to compress the phase space and reduce the emittance to obtain high luminosity muon beams. The authors note that, the ionization losses results not only in damping, but also heating. They discuss methods used including moments methods, Focker Plank Equation, and Multi Particle Codes. In addition they show how a simple analysis permits us to estimate the most part of the optimal system parameters, such as optimal damping rates, length of the system and energy.
Date: January 1, 1998
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PHYSICS AT HIGH LUMINOSITY MUON COLLIDERS AND A FACILITY OVERVIEW.

Description: Physics potentials at future colliders including high luminosity {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} colliders are discussed. Luminosity requirement, estimates for Muon collider energies of interest (0.1 TeV to 100 TeV) are calculated. Schematics and an overview of Muon Collider facility concept are also included.
Date: July 2001
Creator: Parsa, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MUON SOURCES.

Description: A full high energy muon collider may take considerable time to realize. However, intermediate steps in its direction are possible and could help facilitate the process. Employing an intense muon source to carry out forefront low energy research, such as the search for muon-number non-conservation, represents one interesting possibility. For example, the MECO proposal at BNL aims for 2 x 10{sup {minus}17} sensitivity in their search for coherent muon-electron conversion in the field of a nucleus. To reach that goal requires the production, capture and stopping of muons at an unprecedented 10{sup 11} {mu}/sec. If successful, such an effort would significantly advance the state of muon technology. More ambitious ideas for utilizing high intensity muon sources are also being explored. Building a muon storage ring for the purpose of providing intense high energy neutrino beams is particularly exciting.We present an overview of muon sources and example of a muon storage ring based Neutrino Factory at BNL with various detector location possibilities.
Date: February 16, 2001
Creator: PARSA,Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NEUTRINO FACTORY BASED ON MUON-STORAGE-RINGS TO MUON COLLIDERS: PHYSICS AND FACILITIES.

Description: Intense muon sources for the purpose of providing intense high energy neutrino beams ({nu} factory) represents very interesting possibilities. If successful, such efforts would significantly advance the state of muon technology and provides intermediate steps in technologies required for a future high energy muon collider complex. High intensity muon: production, capture, cooling, acceleration and multi-turn muon storage rings are some of the key technology issues that needs more studies and developments, and will briefly be discussed here. A muon collider requires basically the same number of muons as for the muon storage ring neutrino factory, but would require more cooling, and simultaneous capture of both {+-} {mu}. We present some physics possibilities, muon storage ring based neutrino facility concept, site specific examples including collaboration feasibility studies, and upgrades to a full collider.
Date: June 18, 2001
Creator: PARSA,Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MUON COOLING - EMITTANCE EXCHANGE.

Description: Muon Cooling is the key factor in building of a Muon collider, (to a less degree) Muon storage ring, and a Neutrino Factory. Muon colliders potential to provide a probe for fundamental particle physics is very interesting, but may take a considerable time to realize, as much more work and study is needed. Utilizing high intensity Muon sources - Neutrino Factories, and other intermediate steps are very important and will greatly expand our abilities and confidence in the credibility of high energy muon colliders. To obtain the needed collider luminosity, the phase-space volume must be greatly reduced within the muon life time. The Ionization cooling is the preferred method used to compress the phase space and reduce the emittance to obtain high luminosity muon beams. We note that, the ionization losses results not only in damping, but also heating. The use of alternating solenoid lattices has been proposed, where the emittance are large. We present an overview of the cooling and discuss formalism, solenoid magnets and some beam dynamics.
Date: February 16, 2001
Creator: PARSA,Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NEUTRINO FACTORIES - PHYSICS POTENTIALS.

Description: The recent results from Super-Kamiokande atmospheric and solar neutrino observations opens a new era in neutrino physics and has sparked a considerable interest in the physics possibilities with a Neutrino Factory based on the muon storage ring. We present physics opportunities at a Neutrino Factory, and prospects of Neutrino oscillation experiments. Using the precisely known flavor composition of the beam, one could envision an extensive program to measure the neutrino oscillation mixing matrix, including possible CP violating effects. These and Neutrino Interaction Rates for examples of a Neutrino Factory at BNL (and FNAL) with detectors at Gran Sasso, SLAC and Sudan are also presented.
Date: February 16, 2001
Creator: PARSA,Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department