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The effects of realistic pancake solenoids on particle transport

Description: Solenoids are widely used to transport or focus particle beams. Usually, they are assumed as being ideal solenoids with a high axial-symmetry magnetic field. Using the Vector Field Opera program, we modeled asymmetrical solenoids with realistic geometry defects, caused by finite conductor and current jumpers. Their multipole magnetic components were analyzed with the Fourier fit method; we present some possible optimized methods for them. We also discuss the effects of 'realistic' solenoids on low energy particle transport. The finding in this paper may be applicable to some lower energy particle transport system design.
Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Gu, X.; Okamura, M.; Pikin, A.; Fischer, W. & Luo, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Linear accelerator design study with direct plasma injection scheme for warm dense matter

Description: Warm Dense Matter (WDM) is a challenging science field, which is related to heavy ion inertial fusion and planetary science. It is difficult to expect the behavior because the state with high density and low temperature is completely different from ideal condition. The well-defined WDM generation is required to understand it. Moderate energy ion beams ({approx} MeV/u) slightly above Bragg peak is an advantageous method for WDM because of the uniform energy deposition. Direct Plasma Injection Scheme (DPIS) with a Interdigital H-mode (IH) accelerator has a potential for the beam parameter. We show feasible parameters of the IH accelerator for WDM. WDM physics is a challenging science and is strongly related to Heavy Ion Fusion science. WDM formation by Direct Plasma Injection Scheme (DPIS) with IH accelerator, which is a compact system, is proposed. Feasible parameters for IH accelerator are shown for WDM state. These represents that DPIS with IH accelerator can access a different parameter region of WDM.
Date: March 28, 2011
Creator: Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laser ion source with long pulse width for RHIC-EBIS

Description: The Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is a new heavy ion-projector for RHIC and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. Laser Ion Source (LIS) with solenoid can supply many kinds of ion from solid targets and is suitable for long pulse length with low current as ion provider for RHIC-EBIS. In order to understand a plasma behavior for fringe field of solenoid, we measure current, pulse width and total ion charges by a new ion probe. The experimental result indicates that the solenoid confines the laser ablation plasma transversely. Laser ion source needs long pulse length with limited current as primary ion provider for RHIC-EBIS. New ion probe can measure current distribution for the radial positions along z axis. The beam pulse length is not effected by magnetic field strength. However, the currents and charges decay with the distance from the end of solenoid. These results indicate that solenoid field has important role for plasma confinement not longitudinally but transversely and solenoid is able to have long pulse length with sufficient total ion charges. Moreover, the results are useful for a design of the extraction system for RHIC-EBIS.
Date: March 28, 2011
Creator: Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of ion beam from laser ion source for RHIC EBIS.

Description: Laser ion source (LIS) is a candidate of the primary ion source for the RHIC EBIS. LIS will provide intense charge state 1+ ions to the EBIS for further ionization. We measured plasma properties of a variety of atomic species from C to Au using the second harmonics of Nd:YAG laser (532 nm wave length, up to 0.5 J/6 ns). Since properties of laser produced plasma is different from different species, laser power density for singly charged ion production should be verified experimentally for each atomic species. After plasma analysis experiments, Au ions was extracted from plasma and emittance of the ion beam was measured using a pepper pot type emittance monitor.
Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Kanesue,T.; Tamura, J. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laser ion source for low charge heavy ion beams

Description: For heavy ion inertial fusion application, a combination of a laser ion source and direct plasma injection scheme into an RFQ is proposed. The combination might provide more than 100 mA of singly charged heavy ion beam from a single laser shot. A planned feasibility test with moderate current is also discussed.
Date: August 3, 2008
Creator: Okamura, M.; Pikin, A.; Zajic, V.; Kanesue, T. & Tamura, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of DPIS development in BNL

Description: Direct injection scheme was proposed in 2000 at RIKEN in Japan. The first beam test was done at Tokyo Institute of Technology using a CO{sub 2} laser and an 80 MHz 4 vane RFQ in 2001, and further development continued in RIKEN. In 2006, all the experimental equipment were moved to BNL and a new development program was started. We report on our recent activities at BNL including the use of a frozen gas target for the laser source, low charge state ion beam production and a newly developed laser irradiation system.
Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Okamura,M.; Tamura, J. & Kanesue, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Target life time of laser ion source for low charge state ion production

Description: Laser ion source (LIS) produces ions by irradiating pulsed high power laser shots onto the solid state target. For the low charge state ion production, laser spot diameter on the target can be over several millimeters using a high power laser such as Nd:YAG laser. In this case, a damage to the target surface is small while there is a visible crater in case of the best focused laser shot for high charge state ion production (laser spot diameter can be several tens of micrometers). So the need of target displacement after each laser shot to use fresh surface to stabilize plasma is not required for low charge state ion production. We tested target lifetime using Nd:YAG laser with 5 Hz repetition rate. Also target temperature and vacuum condition were recorded during experiment. The feasibility of a long time operation was verified.
Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Kanesue,T.; Tamura, J. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dipole magnet for use of RHIC EBIS HEBT line.

Description: Construction and magnetic field measurement of dipole magnets for RHIC-EBIS HEBT line have completed. These magnets will be used to guide highly charged ion beams ranging from proton to Uranium provided by a new injector toward the Booster ring in BNL. In this paper, overview of the magnetic design of the dipoles and results of magnetic field measurement are summarized.
Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Kanesue,T.; Okamura, M.; Ritter, J. & Raparia, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design study of a DPIS injector for a heavy ion FFAG

Description: A new heavy ion injector linac is proposed for providing heavy ion beams to a fixed field alternating gradient (FFAG) accelerator in Kyushu University. A combination of the new intense laser source based injector and the FFAG will be able to accelerate high current ion beams with 100 Hz of a repetition rate. The planned average current reaches 7 {micro}A with carbon 6+ beam.
Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Okamura,M.; Raparia, D.; Ishibashi, K.; Yonemura, Y. & Kanesue, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laser plasma in a magnetic field

Description: Laser Ion Source (LIS) is a candidate among various heavy ion sources. A high density plasma produced by Nd:YAG laser with drift velocity realizes high current and high charge state ion beams. In order to obtain higher charged particle ions, we had test experiments of LIS with a magnetic field by which a connement effect can make higher charged beams. We measured total current by Faraday Cup (FC) and analyzed charge distribution by Electrostatic Ion Analyzer (EIA). It is shown that the ion beam charge state is higher by a permanent magnet.
Date: September 20, 2009
Creator: Kondo,K.; Kanesue, T.; Tamura, J.; Dabrowski, R. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design study of primary ion provider for RHIC-EBIS

Description: Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has developed the new pre-injector system, Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) for Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). Design of primary ion provider is an essential problem since it is required to supply beams with different ion species to multiple users simultaneously. The laser ion source with a defocused laser can provide a low charge state and low emittance ion beam, and is a candidate for the primary ion source for RHIC-EBIS. We show a suitable design with appropriate drift length and solenoid, which helps to keep sufficient total charge number with longer pulse length. The whole design of primary ion source, as well as optics arrangement, solid targets configuration and heating about target, is presented.
Date: September 20, 2009
Creator: Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T.; Tamura, J. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Steering magnet design for a limited space

Description: We compare two extreme designs of steering magnets. The first one is a very thin steering magnet design which occupies only 6 mm in length and can be additionally installed as needed. The other is realized by applying extra coil windings to a quadrupole magnet and does not consume any length. The properties and the features of these steering magnets are discussed.
Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Okamura,M.; Fite, J.; Lodestro, V.; Raparia, D. & Ritter, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LIS in low power density for RHIC-EBIS

Description: The Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) project at Brookhaven National Laboratory is a new heavy ion preinjector for Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory science programs. Laser Ion Source (LIS), which can supply many heavy ion species using solid targets, is a candidate of a primary ion source provider for RHIC-EBIS. LIS experiment with 5 Hz operation, which is required practically in RHIC-EBIS, was demonstrated to understand the beam property for long operation time. High laser power density decayed the peak current and ion yield with operation time and did not keep the surface of target flat. On the contrary, the beam in low laser power density kept the performance in long operation time.
Date: May 23, 2010
Creator: Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T.; Dabrowski, R. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DPIS for warm dense matter

Description: Warm Dense Matter (WDM) offers an challenging problem because WDM, which is beyond ideal plasma, is in a low temperature and high density state with partially degenerate electrons and coupled ions. WDM is a common state of matter in astrophysical objects such as cores of giant planets and white dwarfs. The WDM studies require large energy deposition into a small target volume in a shorter time than the hydrodynamical time and need uniformity across the full thickness of the target. Since moderate energy ion beams ({approx} 0.3 MeV/u) can be useful tool for WDM physics, we propose WDM generation using Direct Plasma Injection Scheme (DPIS). In the DPIS, laser ion source is connected to the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) linear accelerator directly without the beam transport line. DPIS with a realistic final focus and a linear accelerator can produce WDM.
Date: May 23, 2010
Creator: Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T.; Horioka, K. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Angular distribution of laser ablation plasma

Description: An expansion of a laser induced plasma is fundamental and important phenomena in a laser ion source. To understand the expanding direction, an array of Langmuir probes were employed. The chosen ion for the experiment was Ag{sup 1+} which was created by a second harmonics of a Nd-YAG laser. The obtained angular distribution was about {+-}10 degree. This result also indicates a proper positioning of a solenoid magnet which enhances ion beam current.
Date: May 23, 2010
Creator: Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T.; Dabrowski, R. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Confinement of laser plasma by solenoidal field for laser ion source

Description: A laser ion source can provide high current, highly charged ions with a simple structure. However, it was not easy to control the ion pulse width. To provide a longer ion beam pulse, the plasma drift length, which is the distance between laser target and extraction point, has to be extended and as a result the plasma is diluted severely. Previously, we applied a solenoid field to prevent reduction of ion density at the extraction point. Although a current enhancement by a solenoid field was observed, plasma behavior after a solenoid magnet was unclear because plasma behavior can be different from usual ion beam dynamics. We measured a transverse ion distribution along the beam axis to understand plasma motion in the presence of a solenoid field.
Date: May 23, 2010
Creator: Okamura, M.; Kanesue,T.; Kondo, K. & Dabrowski, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parameterization and measurements of helical magnetic fields

Description: Magnetic fields with helical symmetry can be parameterized using multipole coefficients (a{sub n}, b{sub n}). We present a parameterization that gives the familiar multipole coefficients (a{sub n}, b{sub n}) for straight magnets when the helical wavelength tends to infinity. To measure helical fields all methods used for straight magnets can be employed. We show how to convert the results of those measurements to obtain the desired helical multipole coefficients (a{sub n}, b{sub n}).
Date: July 1, 1997
Creator: Fischer, W. & Okamura, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drift distance survey in DPIS for high current beam production

Description: In a laser ion source, plasma drift distance is one of the most important design parameters. Ion current density and beam pulse width are defined by plasma drift distance between laser target and beam extraction position. In direct plasma injection scheme (DPIS), which uses a laser ion source and Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) linac, we can apply relatively higher electric field at the beam extraction due to the unique shape of a positively biased electrode. However, when we aim at very high current acceleration like several tens of mA, we observed mismatched beam extraction conditions. We tested three different ion current at ion extraction region by changing plasma drift distance to study better extraction condition. In this experiment, C{sup 6+} beam was accelerated. We confirmed that the matching condition can be improved by controlling plasma drift distance.
Date: September 20, 2009
Creator: Kanesue,T.; Okamura, M.; Kondo, K.; Tamura, J.; Kashiwagi, H. & Zhang, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A new medium energy beam transport line for the proton injector of AGS-RHIC

Description: In Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), a 750 keV medium energy beam transport line between the 201 MHz 750 keV proton RFQ and the 200 MeV Alvarez DTL is being modified to get a better transmission of the beam. Within a tight space, high field gradient quadrupoles (65 Tm) and newly designed steering magnets (6.5 mm in length) will be installed considering the cross-talk effects. Also a new half wave length 200 MHz buncher is being prepared. The beam commissioning will be done in this year. To enhance the performance of the proton linacs, the MEBT is being modified. New quadrupole magnets, steering magnets and a half wave length buncher as shown in Figure 7 will be installed and be commissioned soon.
Date: September 12, 2010
Creator: Okamura, M.; Briscoe, B.; Fite, J.; LoDestro, V.; Raparia, D.; Ritter, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of the electron lenses on the RHIC proton beam closed orbit

Description: We are designing two electron lenses (E-lens) to compensate for the large beam-beam tune spread from proton-proton interactions at IP6 and IP8 in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). They will be installed at RHIC IR10. The transverse fields of the E-lenses bending solenoids and the fringe field of the main solenoids will shift the proton beam. We calculate the transverse kicks that the proton beam receives in the electron lens via Opera. Then, after incorporating the simplified E-lens lattice in the RHIC lattice, we obtain the closed orbit effect with the Simtrack Code.
Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Gu, X.; Luo, Y.; Pikin, A.; Okamura, M.; Fischer, W.; Montag, C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effects of the RHIC E-lenses magnetic structure layout on the proton beam trajectory

Description: We are designing two electron lenses (E-lens) to compensate for the large beam-beam tune spread from proton-proton interactions at IP6 and IP8 in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). They will be installed in RHIC IR10. First, the layout of these two E-lenses is introduced. Then the effects of e-lenses on proton beam are discussed. For example, the transverse fields of the e-lens bending solenoids and the fringe field of the main solenoids will shift the proton beam. For the effects of the e-lens on proton beam trajectory, we calculate the transverse kicks that the proton beam receives in the electron lens via Opera at first. Then, after incorporating the simplified E-lens lattice in the RHIC lattice, we obtain the closed orbit effect with the Simtrack Code.
Date: March 28, 2011
Creator: Gu, X.; Pikin, A.; Luo, Y.; Okamura, M.; Fischer, W.; Gupta, R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department