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Basic data report for drillhole WIPP 32 (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - WIPP)

Description: WIPP 32 is an exploratory borehole drilled to examine the subsurface at a small topographic high in Nash Draw. The borehole is located in east-central Eddy County, New Mexico, in NE 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec. 33, T.22S., R.29E. and was drilled in August, 1979. The hole was drilled to a depth of 390 feet, and encountered, from top to bottom, the Rustler Formation (166') and the upper Salado Formation (224'). Core was taken from 4 to 353 feet. Geophysical logs were run the full length of the hole to measure formation properties. The WIPP is to demonstrate (through limited operations) disposal technology for transuranic defense wastes. The WIPP will also provide facilities to research interactions between high-level waste and salt.
Date: November 1, 1980
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Additional development of a threshold evaluation system: management plan

Description: The efforts of the DOE Division of Buildings and Community Systems to assume the national leadership for research, development, and demonstration activities related to energy conservation in buildings and community systems are discussed. Contract objectives, presented in Section 2, include the technical goals and schedule and cost objectives of the contract. The organization structures of DOE/BCS and DYNATREND are displayed in Section 3. Moreover, the interface between the organizations is presented in the Management Structure section, as well as key DYNATREND personnel assigned to the project. Section 4 presents the detailed technical approach adopted to accomplish the five tasks in the statement of work. A summary of the overall technical approach precedes a discussion of the detailed approach to each task. The work breakdown structure to be employed in the execution of the contract is presented in Section 5. The management plan concludes with a detailed definition of the management control procedures to monitor schedules, costs, and technical performance of this contract. (MCW)
Date: November 4, 1977
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Field research tasks and technical services. Project status report, June 1-August 31, 1982

Description: Emphasis was placed on analysis efforts for passive design tools, industry review of the initial performance monitoring data on the 160 hot water systems that are under test, and the work concerned with residential PV systems. Of particular importance was the completion of a report covering analysis of residential PV systems integrated with on-site thermal storage. This work shows that some advantage may result in hot, humid climates where there is more of a load balance throughout the year because of the relatively constant cooling load. Effort was started on the evaluation of completed Midwest AT projects, analysis from a management viewpoint, and preparation for more detailed monitoring and technical assistance to grantees. A listing of documents produced during the reporting period is included and materials defining the work which was accomplished are provided.
Date: September 1, 1982
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Powerplant productivity improvements and regulatory incentives. Volume II. Appendices

Description: Appendices Volume II contain a number of highly rigorous proofs for some of the major assertions made in the text. Basically, these proofs relate to: the inability of rate of return regulation to encourage utilities to select a cost-minimal mix of inputs during periods of rapid growth; the capability of a voluntary incentive plan with design characteristics similar to the general format developed in this study to improve the characteristics of rate of return regulation in that area; and, the effectiveness of the general incentive format in a dynamic as well as a static setting. It should be noted, however, that the primary argument in behalf of the general incentive format is that it clearly offers to rate of return regulation a strong connection between profit and efficiency (which is the primary incentive for cost minimization in a functioning competitive market). The proofs presented in Appendices Volume II do not cover all the beneficiary aspects of the general incentive format. Those that are not included are fairly intuitive.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State solar energy incentives primer: a guide to selection and design

Description: Basic design principles are discussed for the creation of several types of state financial incentives and the major advantages and disadvantages of a number of incentive options are cited. The financial incentives included are income tax strategies, loan programs, property tax exemptions, and excise/sales tax exemptions. Information is cited to maximize the effectiveness of solar energy programs. Four basic elements of a state solar energy program are program planning; institutional barriers mitigation; research, development, and demonstration projects; and information outreach efforts. A matrix of state solar legislation by type is shown and organizational contacts are listed. (MHR)
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission on analysis and evaluation of operational data - 1987: Power reactors

Description: This annual report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) is devoted to the activities performed during 1987. The report is published in two volumes. NUREG-1272, Vol. 2, No. 1, covers Power Reactors and presents an overview of the operating experience of the nuclear power industry, with comments regarding the trends of some key performance measures. The report also includes the principal findings and issues identified in AEOD studies over the past year, and summarizes information from Licensee Event Reports, the NRC's Operations Center, and Diagnostic Evaluations. NUREG-1272, Vol. 2, No. 2, covers Nonreactors and presents a review of the nonreactors events and misadministration reports that were reported in 1987 and a brief synopsis of AEOD studies published in 1987. Each volume contains a list of the AEOD Reports issued for 1980-1987.
Date: October 1, 1988
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental control implications of generating electric power from coal. 1977 technology status report. Appendix A, Part 1. Coal preparation and cleaning assessment study

Description: This report evaluates the state of the art and effectiveness of physical coal cleaning as a potential strategy for controlling SO/sub x/ emissions in coal fired power generation. Coal properties which are significantly altered by physical coal cleaning were determined. The effects of the changes in properties as they relate to pulverized coal firing, fluidized bed combustion and low Btu gasification for combined cycle powered generation were studied. Available coal washability data were integrated by computer with U.S. coal reserve data. Approximately 18% of the demonstrated coal reserve were matched with washability data. Integrated data appear in the Appendix. Current coal preparation practices were reviewed. Future trends were determined. Five process flow sheets representing increasing levels of cleaning sophistication were prepared. The clean product from each flow sheet will meet U.S. EPA New Source Performance Standards. Capital and operating costs for each case were estimated. Environmental control technology and environmental impact associated with current coal preparation and cleaning operations were assessed. Physical coal cleaning is widely practiced today. Where applicable it represents the least expensive method of coal sulfur reduction. Developmental physical and chemical coal cleaning processes were studied. The chemical methods have the advantage of being able to remove both pyritic sulfur and organic sulfur present in the coal matrix. Further R and D efforts will be required before commercialization of these processes.
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterize and explore potential sites and prepare research and development plan (site investigation study). Final draft. Task 2. Milestone report

Description: A specific research and development plan to investigate the behavior and suitability of aquifers as compressed air energy storage (CAES) sites is presented. The proposed effort will evaluate present uncertainties in the performance of the underground energy storage subsystem and its impact on above ground plant design and cost. The project is planned to provide the utility industry with a quantitative basis for confidence that financial commitment to a demonstration plant and subsequent expansion is justified and poses acceptable risks. Activities in Phase II of a 5-phase overall CAES development program are reported. Information is included on the development of field testing specifications and schedules; selection of specific site for the conceptual design; development plan and schedule for the media site; development of analytical models of aquifer airflow; and well drilling requirements. As a result of these studies 14 sites in Illinois and Indiana were evaluated, 7 were ranked for suitability for CAES, and 4 were selected for possible use in the field testing program. Test procedures, the mathematical models and drilling requirments were developed. (LCL)
Date: December 1, 1980
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Update report on the performance of 400 megawatt and larger nuclear and coal-fired generating units. Performance through 1977

Description: Forty-seven nuclear generating units and 125 coal-fired generating plants that have had at least one full year of commercial operation are covered in this report. Their performances are evaluated using the capacity factor, availability factor, equivalent availability, and forced outage rate. The data are arranged by state and utility. (DLC)
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building the institutional capacity for managing commercial high-level radioactive waste

Description: In July 1981, the Office of Nuclear Waste Management of the Department of Energy contracted with the National Academy of Public Administration for a study of institutional issues associated with the commercial radioactive waste management program. The two major sets of issues which the Academy was asked to investigate were (1) intergovernmental relationships, how federal, state, local and Indian tribal council governments relate to each other in the planning and implementation of a waste management program, and (2) interagency relationships, how the federal agencies with major responsibilities in this public policy arena interact with each other. The objective of the study was to apply the perspectives of public administration to a difficult and controversial question - how to devise and execute an effective waste management program workable within the constraints of the federal system. To carry out this task, the Academy appointed a panel composed of individuals whose background and experience would provide the several types of knowledge essential to the effort. The findings of this panel are presented along with the executive summary. The report consists of a discussion of the search for a radioactive waste management strategy, and an analysis of the two major groups of institutional issues: (1) intergovernmental, the relationship between the three major levels of government; and (2) interagency, the relationships between the major federal agencies having responsibility for the waste management program.
Date: May 1, 1982
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-income energy assistance programs: a profile of need and policy options

Description: This second report of the Fuel Oil Marketing Advisory Committee (FOMAC) of DOE is twofold: to update information on the energy needs of low-income persons and governmental response to such needs; and to emphasize the need for energy-conservation programs that may alleviate the enormous financial burden placed on low-income people by rising energy prices. FOMAC has continued to develop further and refine its initial energy-conservation recommendations. Mainly, the updated assessment document finds that the poor will expend at least 35% of their income directly on energy and will spend at least 21% of their income on household energy. Other economic impacts of rising energy costs on low-income groups are summarized. Appropriations and stipulations by Congress to aid the lo-income people are reviewed. After careful review of various program designs, FOMAC continues to support the income indexing/vendor line of credit approach. This design provides assistance to elgible households based on: energy needed, cost of fuel, and percentage of income. The cost of implementing the FOMAC design nationally would, according to estimates, range from $3.5 to $4.6 billion for the 1980-1981 winter heating season. A figure of $1.6 to $2.2 billion is being discussed in the Congress. Meeting the ongoing energy needs of the poor will require a coherent national policy which consists of aid in paying energy bills and aid in the poor's effort to conserve energy. The report seeks to promote such policies. Needs assessment, government response, FOMAC model, comments on the programs, projected cost of 1980-1981 Energy Assistance Program, need for conservation programs, and program financing are discussed.
Date: July 1, 1980
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual highlights, Environmental Programs of the Department of Energy and Environment

Description: Brief summaries are presented of some 35 individual programs covering a wide range of activities in the atmospheric, oceanographic, and terrestrial ecology areas. In general, these programs are involved with the study of pollutants resulting from the production of energy and their effects or potential effects on the environment. Programs include meteorology and plume dispersion, with emphasis on tracing plumes from the tall stacks of fossil-fuel burning power plants, and implementation of MAP3S (the Multistate Atmospheric Power Production Pollution Study), including both field and modeling studies related to atmospheric pollutants in the Northeastern United States, the meteorology of the coastal land-sea interface, the development of long-distance tracer systems for following movements of air masses, the measurement of a series of pollutants at ambient levels in real time, and laboratory and field studies on the collection and behavior of aerosol particulates, including work on the speciation and quantification of sulfate particulates. The objective of programs in oceanographic sciences is to assess the potential impact of energy-related activities (reactor releases, oil spills, etc.) on the Northeast coastal zone and its biota. A capability for the study of environmental virology has been established. Another major program is the study of the effects of acid rain on forest ecosystems and on selected crops.
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Breckinridge Project, initial effort

Description: The project cogeneration plant supplies electric power, process steam and treated boiler feedwater for use by the project plants. The plant consists of multiple turbine generators and steam generators connected to a common main steam header. The major plant systems which are required to produce steam, electrical power and treated feedwater are discussed individually. The systems are: steam, steam generator, steam generator fuel, condensate and feedwater deaeration, condensate and blowdown collection, cooling water, boiler feedwater treatment, coal handling, ash handling (fly ash and bottom ash), electrical, and control system. The plant description is based on the Phase Zero design basis established for Plant 31 in July of 1980 and the steam/condensate balance as presented on Drawing 31-E-B-1. Updating of steam requirements as more refined process information becomes available has generated some changes in the steam balance. Boiler operation with these updated requirements is reflected on Drawing 31-D-B-1A. The major impact of updating has been that less 600 psig steam generated within the process units requires more extraction steam from the turbine generators to close the 600 psig steam balance. Since the 900 psig steam generation from the boilers was fixed at 1,200,000 lb/hr, the additional extraction steam required to close the 600 psig steam balance decreased the quantity of electrical power available from the turbine generators. In the next phase of engineering work, the production of 600 psig steam will be augmented by increasing convection bank steam generation in the Plant 3 fired heaters by 140,000 to 150,000 lb/hr. This modification will allow full rated power generation from the turbine generators.
Date: unknown
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preignition volatile yield as related to coal characteristics. Quarterly report, January 1981-March 1981

Description: The objectives of this work is to determine the total release of volatile material from a variety of coals under high heating rates and high temperature and to study the effects of enhanced volatile matter release on the design of pulverized coal combustion systems. Four coals have been approved for investigation and are currently being characterized and tested. Shakdown runs with the new reactor were completed and the results showed that the new design did improve the operability of the experimental set-up. Work on correlation of test data and coal characteristics has begun. Initial correlation shows that the measured range of carbon conversions of between 40 and 85% is a function of temperature, rank and carbon content. The AERL coal combustion model has been modified to allow staged mixing of the secondary air with the primary mixture of coal, air and recirculated gases. This modification will allow exploration of the effect of preignition volatile yields on flame stability. We will also be able to project: (1) the optimum primary air fraction as a function of volatile yield (this will then allow the development of a relationship between burner thruput and burner diameter); and (2) the optimum point of secondary air injection as a function of volatile yield to achieve flame stability.
Date: April 1, 1981
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Volatile production during preignition coal history. Quarterly progress report, September 1980-December 1980

Description: The goal of this program is to determine the characteristic pyrolysis behavior of representative coals under laser heating. The use of CO/sub 2/ laser enables a controllable heating rate to be given to the coal particles as they pass through the laser beam. The development of such a laser heating diagnostic should prove to be an extremely valuable tool for generation of a data base necessary for the future design of coal burning facilities. The experimental configuration is illustrated. A dilute coal/gas stream, surrounded by an inert shield flow is passed through a laser beam from an Avco HPL CO/sub 2/ laser. Under a prescribed flux density, and thus heating rate, the particles pyrolyse. The gaseous products are sampled and subsequently analyzed (primarily by gas chromatography) for carbon conversion. Particle temperature is to be monitored by a two-color pyrometer and particle velocity evolution of the pyrolysis process can be determined. The data can then be correlated with a detailed kinetic and transport model, which will enable the representative kinetic parameters to be determined.
Date: February 1, 1981
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design and development of Stirling engines for stationary power generation applications in the 500 to 3000 horsepower range. Volume 1. Technical report

Description: This project was Phase I of a multiphased program for the design and development of Stirling engines for stationary power generation applications in the 500 to 3000 horsepower range. Phase I comprised the conceptual design and associated cost estimates of a stationary Stirling engine capable of being fueled by a variety of heat sources, with emphasis on coal firing, followed by the preparation of a plan for implementing the design, fabrication and testing of a demonstration engine by 1985. The development and evaluation of conceptual designs have been separated into two broad categories: the A designs which represent the present state-of-the-art and which are demonstrable by 1985 with minimum technical risk; and the B designs which involve advanced technology and therefore would require significant research and development prior to demonstration and commercialization, but which may ultimately offer advantages in terms of lower cost, better performance, or higher reliability. The majority of the effort in Phase I was devoted to the A designs.
Date: September 15, 1980
Creator: Not Available,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

OTEC modular experiment plant cold water pipe system design study. Executive Summary

Description: The OTEC Cold Water Pipe System Study was undertaken to evaluate the diverse CWP concepts, recommend the most viable alteratives for a 1984 deployment of the 10/40 MWe MEP, and develop selected designs. Specific objectives of the study were to prepare candidate CWP concepts for stationary and grazing mode OTEC plants along with fabrication/construction/installation plans and cost estimates. CWP designs were to be integrated with the relevant subsystems, have a thirty year design life, meet the imposed performance criteria and be cost effective. Three concepts selected by the government were then to be developed through baseline design. In the first phase of the study a system analysis was performed to evaluate alternative concepts. Baseline configurations were proposed, and significant engineering development was expended to bring the concepts to a sufficient design state such that technical feasibility, schedule, and cost judgments could be made rationally. Fabrication, construction, and installation plans were developed for successful concepts, and costs were determined in a WBS format. Evaluations were performed on the basis of technical and cost risk. (WHK)
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Secretary's annual report to Congress. Volume I. Posture statement, outlook and program review

Description: Activities of all elements of the Department of Energy (DOE) except those of FERC are reported. Chapter I, the Posture Statement, gives an overview of the policies, programs, and strategies of DOE. It describes the national energy policy and its effects, sets out the current state of energy supply and demand in the US and around the world, describes the present assessment of future energy availability, and outlines the strategy for 1982. Additional chapters detail the major programs in the following Offices or Assistant Secretaryships: Conservation, Fossil Fuel, Nuclear Energy, Renewable Energy Resources, Electric Energy Systems and Energy Storage, Environment, Energy Supporting Research, Energy Production and Power Marketing, Energy Information, Economic Regulation, General Science, Defense, International Programs, Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Energy Contingency Planning, and Administration. Information is included in appendices on foreign direct investment in US energy sources and supplies for 1979, exports of energy resources by foreign companies, major recipients of DOE funding, DOE actions taken regarding disclosure of energy assets by DOE employees, and financial assistance programs. (MCW)
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposed industrial recovered materials utilization targets for the metals and metal products industry

Description: Set targets for increased utilization of energy-saving recovered materials in the metals and metal products industries (ferrous, aluminium, copper, zinc, and lead) are discussed. Data preparation and methodology development and analysis of the technological and economic factors in order to prepare draft targets for the use of recovered materials are covered. Chapter 2 provides an introductory discussion of the factors that affect the recovery and reuse of secondary materials and the competition between the primary and secondary metals industries. Chapter 3 presents general profiles for the major industrial segments comprising SIC 33, including industry structure, process technology, materials and recycling flow, and future trends for the 5 industries: ferrous, aluminium, copper, zinc, and lead. Chapter 4 presents the evaluation of recycling targets for those industries. (MCW)
Date: May 1, 1979
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Second annual report on nuclear non-proliferation: supplement to Secretary's Annual Report to Congress

Description: This document covers: goals of US nonproliferation policy, agreements for cooperation, technical exchange, US as a reliable supplier of nuclear fuels, IAEA Expert Group on International Plutonium Storage, implementation of US nonproliferation policy, classification, cooperation in strengthening international safeguards and physical security, the US-IAEA voluntary offer safeguards agreement, US spent fuel storage policy, development of proliferation-resistant fuel cycle technologies, and the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation. (DLC)
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Breckinridge Project, initial effort

Description: Report IV, Volume 6 provides descriptions, data, and drawings pertaining to Gasification and Purification (Plant 12). Gasification and Purification (Plant 12) produces makeup hydrogen for H-COAL Preheating and Reaction (Plant 3), and produces a medium Btu fuel gas for consumption in fired heaters. The following information is included: a description of the plant's process design, including the utility balance, catalysts and chemicals usage, and a process flow diagram; an equipment list, including item numbers and descriptions; data sheets and sketches for major plant components; and pertinent engineering drawings. An appendix contains: an overall site plan showing the locations of all plants; and the symbols and legend for the piping and instrument diagrams included in this volume. Gasification and Purification (Plant 12) utilizes process technology from three licensors: gasification of vacuum bottoms using the Texaco process, shift conversion using the Haldor Topsoe process, and purification of fuel gas and shifted gas using the Allied Chemical Selexol process. This licensed technology is proprietary in nature. As a result, this volume does not contain full disclosure of these processes although a maximum of information has been presented consistent with the confidentiality requirements. Where data appears incomplete in this volume, it is due to the above described limitations. Full data concerning this plant are available for DOE review at the Houston offices of Bechtel Petroleum, Inc.
Date: unknown
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Module Utilization Committee. Final report

Description: Photovoltaic collector modules were declared surplus to the needs of the US Department of Energy. The Module Utilization Committee was formed to make appropriate disposition of the surplus modules. The final report of that committee accounts for that disposition. The membership and activities of the committee are set forth and the results of its activities are reported.
Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Detroit Lakes energy systems study: Phase I feasibility. Final report, February 1, 1978--July 31, 1978

Description: The objective of the Detroit Lakes Energy Systems Study is to determine the economic feasibility of alternative renewable energy system configurations in the northern latitudes. A forecast through both 1990 and the year 2000 is made of the demand for electrical energy in the Detroit Lakes area. An assessment of renewable energy resources including biomass, wind, and insolation is provided. A detailed analysis is made of system costs including biomass, wind, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, selected hybrids, and conventional fuel systems. Lessons learned and recommendations for prototype fabrication are highlighted. (MHR)
Date: July 31, 1978
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Photovoltaics: solar electric power systems

Description: The operation and uses of solar cells and the National Photovoltaic Program are briefly described. Eleven DOE photovoltaic application projects are described including forest lookout towers; Wilcox Memorial Hospital in Hawaii; WBNO daytime AM radio station; Schuchuli Indian Village; Meade, Nebraska, agricultural experiment; Mt. Laguna Air Force Station; public schools and colleges; residential applications; and Sea World of Florida. (WHK)
Date: February 1, 1980
Creator: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department