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open access

Location Estimation and Geo-Correlated Information Trends

Description: A tremendous amount of information is being shared every day on social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter or Google+. However, only a small portion of users provide their location information, which can be helpful in targeted advertising and many other services. Current methods in location estimation using social relationships consider social friendship as a simple binary relationship. However, social closeness between users and structure of friends have strong implications on geographic dis… more
Date: December 2017
Creator: Liu, Zhi
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Modeling Alcohol Consumption Using Blog Data

Description: How do the content and writing style of people who drink alcohol beverages stand out from non-drinkers? How much information can we learn about a person's alcohol consumption behavior by reading text that they have authored? This thesis attempts to extend the methods deployed in authorship attribution and authorship profiling research into the domain of automatically identifying the human action of drinking alcohol beverages. I examine how a psycholinguistics dictionary (the Linguistics Inqu… more
Date: May 2013
Creator: Koh, Kok Chuan
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Validation and Evaluation of Emergency Response Plans through Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Description: Biological emergency response planning plays a critical role in protecting the public from possible devastating results of sudden disease outbreaks. These plans describe the distribution of medical countermeasures across a region using limited resources within a restricted time window. Thus, the ability to determine that such a plan will be feasible, i.e. successfully provide service to affected populations within the time limit, is crucial. Many of the current efforts to validate plans are in … more
Date: May 2018
Creator: Helsing, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

A Data-Driven Computational Framework to Assess the Risk of Epidemics at Global Mass Gatherings

Description: This dissertation presents a data-driven computational epidemic framework to simulate disease epidemics at global mass gatherings. The annual Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia is used to demonstrate the simulation and analysis of various disease transmission scenarios throughout the different stages of the event from the arrival to the departure of international participants. The proposed agent-based epidemic model efficiently captures the demographic, spatial, and temporal heterogeneit… more
Date: May 2019
Creator: Alshammari, Sultanah
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Extracting Temporally-Anchored Spatial Knowledge

Description: In my dissertation, I elaborate on the work that I have done to extract temporally-anchored spatial knowledge from text, including both intra- and inter-sentential knowledge. I also detail multiple approaches to infer spatial timeline of a person from biographies and social media. I present and analyze two strategies to annotate information regarding whether a given entity is or is not located at some location, and for how long with respect to an event. Specifically, I leverage semantic roles o… more
Date: May 2019
Creator: Vempala, Alakananda
Partner: UNT Libraries

Revealing the Positive Meaning of a Negation

Description: Negation is a complex phenomenon present in all human languages, allowing for the uniquely human capacities of denial, contradiction, misrepresentation, lying, and irony. It is in the first place a phenomenon of semantical opposition. Sentences containing negation are generally (a) less informative than affirmative ones, (b) morphosyntactically more marked—all languages have negative markers while only a few have affirmative markers, and (c) psychologically more complex and harder to process. N… more
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Date: May 2019
Creator: Sarabi, Zahra
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Top-Down Policy Engineering Framework for Attribute-Based Access Control

Description: The purpose of this study is to propose a top-down policy engineering framework for attribute-based access control (ABAC) that aims to automatically extract ACPs from requirement specifications documents, and then, using the extracted policies, build or update an ABAC model. We specify a procedure that consists of three main components: 1) ACP sentence identification, 2) policy element extraction, and 3) ABAC model creation and update. ACP sentence identification processes unrestricted natural … more
Date: May 2020
Creator: Narouei, Masoud
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Traffic Forecasting Applications Using Crowdsourced Traffic Reports and Deep Learning

Description: Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) are essential tools for traffic planning, analysis, and forecasting that can utilize the huge amount of traffic data available nowadays. In this work, we aggregated detailed traffic flow sensor data, Waze reports, OpenStreetMap (OSM) features, and weather data, from California Bay Area for 6 months. Using that data, we studied three novel ITS applications using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and recurrent neural networks (RNNs). The first experimen… more
Date: May 2020
Creator: Alammari, Ali
Partner: UNT Libraries

Determining Event Outcomes from Social Media

Description: An event is something that happens at a time and location. Events include major life events such as graduating college or getting married, and also simple day-to-day activities such as commuting to work or eating lunch. Most work on event extraction detects events and the entities involved in events. For example, cooking events will usually involve a cook, some utensils and appliances, and a final product. In this work, we target the task of determining whether events result in their expected o… more
Date: May 2020
Creator: Murugan, Srikala
Partner: UNT Libraries

SurfKE: A Graph-Based Feature Learning Framework for Keyphrase Extraction

Description: Current unsupervised approaches for keyphrase extraction compute a single importance score for each candidate word by considering the number and quality of its associated words in the graph and they are not flexible enough to incorporate multiple types of information. For instance, nodes in a network may exhibit diverse connectivity patterns which are not captured by the graph-based ranking methods. To address this, we present a new approach to keyphrase extraction that represents the document … more
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Date: August 2019
Creator: Florescu, Corina Andreea
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

An Extensible Computing Architecture Design for Connected Autonomous Vehicle System

Description: Autonomous vehicles have made milestone strides within the past decade. Advances up the autonomy ladder have come lock-step with the advances in machine learning, namely deep-learning algorithms and huge, open training sets. And while advances in CPUs have slowed, GPUs have edged into the previous decade's TOP 500 supercomputer territory. This new class of GPUs include novel deep-learning hardware that has essentially side-stepped Moore's law, outpacing the doubling observation by a factor of … more
Date: May 2021
Creator: Hochstetler, Jacob Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Gamification to Solve a Mapping Problem in Electrical Engineering

Description: Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Architectures (CGRAs) are promising in developing high performance low-power portable applications. In this research, we crowdsource a mapping problem using gamification to harnass human intelligence. A scientific puzzle game, Untangled, was developed to solve a mapping problem by encapsulating architectural characteristics. The primary motive of this research is to draw insights from the mapping solutions of players who possess innate abilities like decision-makin… more
Date: May 2020
Creator: Balavendran Joseph, Rani Deepika
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Extracting Possessions and Their Attributes

Description: Possession is an asymmetric semantic relation between two entities, where one entity (the possessee) belongs to the other entity (the possessor). Automatically extracting possessions are useful in identifying skills, recommender systems and in natural language understanding. Possessions can be found in different communication modalities including text, images, videos, and audios. In this dissertation, I elaborate on the techniques I used to extract possessions. I begin with extracting possessio… more
Date: May 2020
Creator: Chinnappa, Dhivya Infant
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

New Computational Methods for Literature-Based Discovery

Description: In this work, we leverage the recent developments in computer science to address several of the challenges in current literature-based discovery (LBD) solutions. First, LBD solutions cannot use semantics or are too computational complex. To solve the problems we propose a generative model OverlapLDA based on topic modeling, which has been shown both effective and efficient in extracting semantics from a corpus. We also introduce an inference method of OverlapLDA. We conduct extensive experiment… more
Date: May 2022
Creator: Ding, Juncheng
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Multilingual Word Sense Disambiguation Using Wikipedia

Description: Ambiguity is inherent to human language. In particular, word sense ambiguity is prevalent in all natural languages, with a large number of the words in any given language carrying more than one meaning. Word sense disambiguation is the task of automatically assigning the most appropriate meaning to a polysemous word within a given context. Generally the problem of resolving ambiguity in literature has revolved around the famous quote “you shall know the meaning of the word by the company it kee… more
Date: August 2013
Creator: Dandala, Bharath
Partner: UNT Libraries
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