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open access

Finding Meaning in Context Using Graph Algorithms in Mono- and Cross-lingual Settings

Description: Making computers automatically find the appropriate meaning of words in context is an interesting problem that has proven to be one of the most challenging tasks in natural language processing (NLP). Widespread potential applications of a possible solution to the problem could be envisaged in several NLP tasks such as text simplification, language learning, machine translation, query expansion, information retrieval and text summarization. Ambiguity of words has always been a challenge in these… more
Date: May 2013
Creator: Sinha, Ravi Som
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Modeling Alcohol Consumption Using Blog Data

Description: How do the content and writing style of people who drink alcohol beverages stand out from non-drinkers? How much information can we learn about a person's alcohol consumption behavior by reading text that they have authored? This thesis attempts to extend the methods deployed in authorship attribution and authorship profiling research into the domain of automatically identifying the human action of drinking alcohol beverages. I examine how a psycholinguistics dictionary (the Linguistics Inqu… more
Date: May 2013
Creator: Koh, Kok Chuan
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Optimizing Non-pharmaceutical Interventions Using Multi-coaffiliation Networks

Description: Computational modeling is of fundamental significance in mapping possible disease spread, and designing strategies for its mitigation. Conventional contact networks implement the simulation of interactions as random occurrences, presenting public health bodies with a difficult trade off between a realistic model granularity and robust design of intervention strategies. Recently, researchers have been investigating the use of agent-based models (ABMs) to embrace the complexity of real world inte… more
Date: May 2013
Creator: Loza, Olivia G.
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Using a Multimodal Sensing Approach to Characterize Human Responses to Affective and Deceptive States

Description: Different ways to measure human affective and deceptive reactions to stimulus have been developed. One method is a multimodal approach using web camera, thermal imaging camera and physiological sensors data to extract different features in the human face (verbal and non-verbal behavior) such as breathing rate, heart rate, face temperature, skin conductance, eye tracking, language analysis and facial expressions among others. Human subjects from different ages and ethnicity were exposed to two d… more
Date: May 2013
Creator: Narvaez-Valle, Alexis
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Extrapolating Subjectivity Research to Other Languages

Description: Socrates articulated it best, "Speak, so I may see you." Indeed, language represents an invisible probe into the mind. It is the medium through which we express our deepest thoughts, our aspirations, our views, our feelings, our inner reality. From the beginning of artificial intelligence, researchers have sought to impart human like understanding to machines. As much of our language represents a form of self expression, capturing thoughts, beliefs, evaluations, opinions, and emotions which are… more
Date: May 2013
Creator: Banea, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Analyzing Microwave Spectra Collected by the Solar Radio Burst Locator

Description: Modern communication systems rely heavily upon microwave, radio, and other electromagnetic frequency bands as a means of providing wireless communication links. Although convenient, wireless communication is susceptible to electromagnetic interference. Solar activity causes both direct interference through electromagnetic radiation as well as indirect interference caused by charged particles interacting with Earth's magnetic field. The Solar Radio Burst Locator (SRBL) is a United States Air For… more
Date: May 2007
Creator: Kincaid, Cheryl-Annette
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

A Framework for Analyzing and Optimizing Regional Bio-Emergency Response Plans

Description: The presence of naturally occurring and man-made public health threats necessitate the design and implementation of mitigation strategies, such that adequate response is provided in a timely manner. Since multiple variables, such as geographic properties, resource constraints, and government mandated time-frames must be accounted for, computational methods provide the necessary tools to develop contingency response plans while respecting underlying data and assumptions. A typical response sc… more
Date: December 2010
Creator: Schneider, Tamara
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Using a Multimodal Sensing Approach to Characterize Human Thermal Comfort Level

Description: A method to distinguish human level of comfort has been developed by using a thermal camera, physiological sensors, and a surroundings sensor. The method has successfully collected data from hominal facial features, breathing rate, skin temperature, room temperature, blood volume pressure, relative humidity, and air velocity. Participants from all genders and races were involved in two sessions of a human comfort experiment including a psychology survey session. The variables, such as room temp… more
Date: December 2013
Creator: Wicaksono, Cakra Aditya
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Evaluation Techniques and Graph-Based Algorithms for Automatic Summarization and Keyphrase Extraction

Description: Automatic text summarization and keyphrase extraction are two interesting areas of research which extend along natural language processing and information retrieval. They have recently become very popular because of their wide applicability. Devising generic techniques for these tasks is challenging due to several issues. Yet we have a good number of intelligent systems performing the tasks. As different systems are designed with different perspectives, evaluating their performances with a gene… more
Date: August 2016
Creator: Hamid, Fahmida
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Infusing Automatic Question Generation with Natural Language Understanding

Description: Automatically generating questions from text for educational purposes is an active research area in natural language processing. The automatic question generation system accompanying this dissertation is MARGE, which is a recursive acronym for: MARGE automatically reads generates and evaluates. MARGE generates questions from both individual sentences and the passage as a whole, and is the first question generation system to successfully generate meaningful questions from textual units larger th… more
Date: December 2016
Creator: Mazidi, Karen
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

The Multidisciplinary Facets of Research on Humour

Description: In this paper, the authors summarize the main theories of humor that emerged from philosophical and modern psychological research, and survey the past and present developments in the fields of theoretical and computational linguistics.
Date: July 2007
Creator: Mihalcea, Rada, 1974-
Partner: UNT College of Engineering
open access

Text Semantic Similarity, with Applications

Description: In this paper, the authors present a knowledge-based method for measuring the semantic-similarity of texts. Through experiments performed on two different applications: (1) paraphrase and entailment identification, and (2) word sense similarity, the authors show that this method outperforms the traditional text similarity metrics based on lexical matching.
Date: September 2005
Creator: Corley, Courtney; Csomai, Andras & Mihalcea, Rada, 1974-
Partner: UNT College of Engineering
open access

Topic Identification Using Wikipedia Graph Centrality

Description: This paper presents a method for automatic topic identification using a graph-centrality algorithm applied to an encyclopedic graph derived from Wikipedia. When tested on a data set with manually assigned topics, the system is found to significantly improve over a simpler baseline that does not make use of the external encyclopedic knowledge.
Date: May 2009
Creator: Coursey, Kino High & Mihalcea, Rada, 1974-
Partner: UNT College of Engineering
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