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Interfacial structures of confined air-water two-phase bubbly flow

Description: The interfacial structure of the two-phase flows is of great importance in view of theoretical modeling and practical applications. In the present study, the focus is made on obtaining detailed local two-phase parameters in the air-water bubbly flow in a rectangular vertical duct using the double-sensor conductivity probe. The characteristic wall-peak is observed in the profiles of the interracial area concentration and the void fraction. The development of the interfacial area concentration along the axial direction of the flow is studied in view of the interfacial area transport and bubble interactions. The experimental data is compared with the drift flux model with C{sub 0} = 1.35.
Date: August 2000
Creator: Kim, S.; Ishii, M.; Wu, Q.; McCreary, D. & Beus, S. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of interfacial area concentration in two-phase bubbly flow

Description: Interfacial area concentration is an important parameter in the two-fluid model for two-phase flow analysis, which is defined as the total interface area per unit mixture volume and has the following local time-averaged expression: {bar a}{sup t} = 1/{Delta}T {Sigma}{sub j}(1/{vert_bar}V{sub i} {center_dot} n{sub i}{vert_bar}){sub j}, where j denotes the j-th interface that passes the point of interest in a time interval {Delta}T. V{sub i} and n{sub i} refer to the bubble interface velocity and surface normal vector, respectively. To measure this parameter, the double-sensor probe technique is commonly used. Due to the influences of the bubble lateral motions, however, the measurement results should be interpreted via a certain statistic approach. Recently, to take into account the effects of the probe spacing, Wu and Ishii provided the following new formula to correlate the measurable values to the interfacial area concentration: {bar a}{sub i}{sup t} = 2N{sub b}/{Delta}T ({Delta}{bar t}/{Delta}s) [2 + (1.2{sigma}{sub {Delta}t}/{Delta}{bar t}){sup 2.25}], for D = 1.2 {approximately} 2.8 {Delta}s, where N{sub b} refers to the number of the bubbles that hit the probe front tip during time interval {Delta}T, {Delta}s denotes the distance between the two probe tips, D is the bubble diameter, {Delta}{bar t} represents the measured average time interval for an interface to travel through the two probe tips, and {sigma}{sub {Delta}t} is the standard deviation of {Delta}t. The theoretical accuracy of this formula is within {+-} 5% if the sample size is sufficiently large. The purpose of this study is to evaluate this method experimentally using an image processing method.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Wu, Q.; Kim, S.; McCreary, D.; Ishii, M. & Beus, S.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department