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Wind-tunnel investigation of control-surface characteristics 17: beveled-trailing-edge flaps of 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40 airfoil chord on an NACA 0009 airfoil

Description: Report presenting force tests in two-dimensional flow in the 4- by 6-foot vertical tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with flaps having chord at 3 locations of the airfoil chord and three degrees of the beveled trailing edges. The results indicated that, with a smooth leading edge, the increased trailing-edge angle on the flaps with sealed gaps decreased the slope of the control-fixed lift curve and the lift effectiveness.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of two models representing intermediate inboard and outboard wing sections of the XB-36 airplane

Description: Report presenting testing in the two-dimensional low-turbulence pressure tunnel and the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel of two models made by the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, one of the outboard section and one of the inboard section.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Bogdonoff, Seymour M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel tests of a propeller with the diameter changed by cutting off the blade tips

Description: Tests were conducted in order to determine how the characteristics of a propeller are affected by cutting off the tips. The diameter of a standard 10-foot metal propeller was changed successively to 9 feet 6 inches, 9 feet 0 inches, 8 feet 6 inches, and 8 feet 0 inches. Each propeller thus formed was tested at four pitch settings using an open cockpit fuselage and a D-12 engine. A small loss in propulsive efficiency is indicated. Examples are given showing the application of the results to practical problems.
Date: December 10, 1929
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings 2: thick wing - various radial-engine cowlings - tractor propeller

Description: This report is the second of a series giving the results obtained in the 20-foot wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. The first report gave the results of the test of a N.A.C.A. cowled air-cooled engine nacelle located in 21 positions with reference to a thick wing. The present report gives results of tests of a normal engine nacelle with several types of cowling and fairings in four of the positions with reference to the same wing. (author).
Date: May 12, 1932
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of large airfoils in the propeller research tunnel, including two with corrugated surfaces

Description: This report gives the results of the tests of seven 2 by 12 foot airfoils (Clark Y, smooth and corrugated, Gottingen 398, N.A.C.A. M-6, and N.A.C.A. 84). The tests were made in the propeller research tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at Reynolds numbers up to 2,000,000. The Clark Y airfoil was tested with three degrees of surface smoothness. Corrugating the surface causes a flattening of the lift curve at the burble point and an increase in drag at small flying angles.
Date: May 24, 1929
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale tests of metal propellers at high tip speeds

Description: This report describes tests of 10 full-scale metal propellers of several thickness ratios at various tip speeds up to 1,350 feet per second. The results indicate no loss of efficiency up to tip speeds of approximately 1,000 feet per second. Above this tip speed the loss is at a rate of about 10 per cent per 100 feet per second increase relative to the efficiency at the lower speeds for propellers of pitch diameter ratios 0.3 to 0.4. Propellers having sections of small thickness ratio can be run at slightly higher speeds than thick ones before beginning to lose efficiency.
Date: November 5, 1930
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel to determine a satisfactory location for a service Pitot-static tube on a low-wing monoplane

Description: Surveys of the air flow over the upper surface of four different airfoils were made in the full-scale wind tunnel to determine a satisfactory location for a fixed Pitot-static tube on a low-wing monoplane. The selection was based on small interference errors, less than 5 percent, and on a consideration of structural and ground handling problems. The most satisfactory location on the airfoils without flaps that were investigated was 10 percent of the chord aft and 25 percent of the chord above the trailing edge of a section approximately 40 percent of the semispan inboard of the wing tip. No satisfactory location was found near the wing when the flaps were deflected.
Date: March 1936
Creator: Parsons, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of NACA 65(sub 112) A111 (approx.) airfoil with 0.35-chord slotted flap at Reynolds numbers up to 25 million

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel and low-turbulence pressure tunnel to determine the highest maximum lift configurations of a slotted flap on an NACA 65(sub 112)A111 (approx.) airfoil section. The scale effects on aerodynamic characteristics were determined for a range of Reynolds numbers. Results regarding flap configurations, lift characteristics, pitching-moment characteristics, drag characteristics, and effects of leading-edge roughness are provided.
Date: October 1947
Creator: Racisz, Stanley F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of compressor-turbine jet-propulsion systems

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the performance of compressor-turbine jet-propulsion systems carried out by calculating the thrust power from a compressor-turbine jet engine with a systematic variation of pressure ratio, fuel-air ratio, compressor and turbine efficiencies, flight speed, altitude, and maximum gas temperature.
Date: June 1945
Creator: Palmer, Carl B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ground effect on wings with flaps

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the N.A.C.A. 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel to determine the effect of ground proximity on the aerodynamic characteristics of wings equipped with high-lift devices. A rectangular and a tapered wing were tested without flaps, with a split flap, and with a slotted flap. The ground was represented by a flat plate, completely spanning the tunnel and extending a considerable distance ahead and back of the model. The position of the plate was varied from one-half to three chord lengths below the wing. The results are presented in the form of curves of absolute coefficients, showing the effect of the ground on each wing arrangement."
Date: May 1939
Creator: Recant, Isidore G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel vibration tests of dual-rotating propellers

Description: Report presenting vibration tests of six- and eight-blade tractor and seven- and eight-blade pusher dual-rotating propellers conducted in the 16-foot high-speed tunnel to determine the severity of vibrations excited by blade passages. Measurements of vibratory stresses were made for engine-speed ranges at low, intermediate, and high engine powers. Few vibrations caused by blade passages were detected, and those vibrations were not serious.
Date: September 1943
Creator: Miller, Mason F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel vibration tests of a four-blade single rotating pusher propeller

Description: Report presenting vibration tests of a four-blade single-rotating propeller operating in a simulated pusher condition performed because the combination of wake and downwash behind a wing might provide serious excitation for reactionless vibrations of propellers with four or more blades. Measurements of propeller vibratory stress were made for various airspeeds, engine speeds, and engine powers.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Miller, Mason F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Principles involved in the cooling of a finned and baffled cylinder

Description: An analysis of the cooling problems for a finned cylinder is made on the basis of the known fundamental principles of heat transfer from pipes. Experimental results that support the analysis are presented. The results of previous investigations on the problem are evaluated on the basis of the analysis and the results. An illustration of the application of these principles to a specific problem is included.
Date: June 1938
Creator: Brevoort, M. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary flight research on an all-movable horizontal tail as a longitudinal control for flight at high Mach numbers

Description: Report presenting flight tests of an all-movable horizontal tail installed on a Curtiss XP-42 airplane due to its possible advantages as a longitudinal control at high Mach numbers. The elevator control was found to be unsatisfactory with the control arrangements tested.
Date: March 1945
Creator: Kleckner, Harold F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Landing characteristics of an autogiro

Description: An investigation to determine the rate of descent, the horizontal velocity, and the attitude at contact of an autogiro in landings was made by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at the request of the Bureau of Air Commerce, Department of Commerce. The investigation covered various types of landings. The results of the investigation disclosed that the maximum rate of descent at contact with the ground (10.6 feet per second) was less than the minimum rate of descent attainable in a steady glide (15.8 feet per second); that the rates of descent at contact were of the same order of magnitude as those experienced by conventional airplanes in landings; that flared landings resulted in very low horizontal velocities at contact. Also that unexpectedly high lift and drag force coefficients were developed in the latter stages of the flared landings.
Date: November 1934
Creator: Peck, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Landing-shock recorder

Description: A description of a special type of seismograph, called a "landing-shock recorder," to be used for measuring the acceleration during impacts such as are experienced in airplane landings, is given . The theory, together with the assumptions made, is discussed in its relation to calculating the acceleration experienced in impact. Calculations are given from records obtained for two impacts of known acceleration. In one case the impact was very severe and in the other it was only moderately severe.
Date: July 1934
Creator: Brevoort, M. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings. Part I : thick wing-N.A.C.A. cowled nacelle-tractor propeller

Description: This report gives the results in the 20-foot propeller research tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of a nacelle-propeller combination located in 21 positions with reference to a thick wing. The lift, drag, and propulsive efficiency were obtained at several angles of attack for each of the 21 locations. A net efficiency was derived for determining the over-all effectiveness of each nacelle location. Best results were obtained with the propeller about 25 per cent of the chord directly ahead of the leading edge. A location immediately above or below the wing near the leading edge was very poor.
Date: November 18, 1931
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings 3: Clark y wing - various radial-engine cowlings - tractor propeller

Description: From Summary: "This report is the third of a series giving the results obtained in the 20-foot wind tunnel on the interference drag, and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. The first report gave the results of the tests of an NACA cowled air-cooled engine nacelle with tractor propeller located in 21 positions with reference to a thick wing. The second report gave the results for several engine cowlings and nacelles with tractor propeller located in four positions with reference to same wing. The present report gives results of tests of the same nacelles and cowlings in the same positions with reference to a smaller wing of Clark y section. The lift, drag, and propulsive efficiency were determined at several angles of attack for each cowling and in each nacelle location."
Date: April 20, 1933
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of two airplanes having moderately high effective dihedral and different directional stability and control characteristics

Description: Report presenting flight tests of a twin-engine midwing attack bomber and a single-engine low-wing fighter, which indicate that both have moderately high effective dihedral but different directional stability and control characteristics. The pilots had a harder time controlling the fighter airplane, while the attack bomber was found to have a higher degree of directional stability and low directional trim forces, which the pilots preferred.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Sjoberg, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a Low-Drag Airfoil Section with a Double Slotted Flap

Description: From Summary: "Tests were made of an 0.309-chord double-slotted flap on an NACA 65, 3-118, a equals 1.0 airfoil section to determine drag, lift, and pitching-moment characteristics for a range of flap deflections. Results indicate that combination of a low-drag airfoil and a double-slotted flap, of which the two parts moved as a single unit, gave higher maximum lift coefficients than have been obtained with plain, split, or slotted flaps on low-drag airfoils. Pitching moments were comparable to those obtained with other high-lift devices on conventional airfoils for similar lift coefficients."
Date: September 1943
Creator: Bogdonoff, Seymour M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel investigation of control surface characteristics 9: some analytical considerations and experimental test results for an internally balanced flap

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the probable aerodynamic section characteristics of a plain flap with various arrangements of internal balance. The results of the calculations previously obtained were found to be in agreement with the experiment. Some possible applications of the data to balancing tabs are also provided.
Date: July 1942
Creator: Sears, Richard I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of control-surface characteristics 1: effect of gap on the aerodynamic characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with a 30-percent-chord plain flap

Description: From Summary: "Tests have been made to determine the effect of a gap at the flap nose upon the aerodynamic section characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with a plain flap and tab. The results are presented in the form of airfoil and flap section characteristics for several flap deflections, tab deflections, and for four sizes of gap."
Date: June 1941
Creator: Sears, Richard I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department