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Wind-tunnel investigation of control-surface characteristics 17: beveled-trailing-edge flaps of 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40 airfoil chord on an NACA 0009 airfoil

Description: Report presenting force tests in two-dimensional flow in the 4- by 6-foot vertical tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of an NACA 0009 airfoil with flaps having chord at 3 locations of the airfoil chord and three degrees of the beveled trailing edges. The results indicated that, with a smooth leading edge, the increased trailing-edge angle on the flaps with sealed gaps decreased the slope of the control-fixed lift curve and the lift effectiveness.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight-test evaluation of the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of 0.5-scale models of the Lark pilotless-aircraft configuration

Description: Report presenting flight tests to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of models of the Lark pilotless aircraft. Testing included the standard configuration with the horizontal wing flaps deflected 0 degrees, 15 degrees, and 60 degrees, and a test with the tail surfaces in line with the wings with the wing flaps not deflected. Results regarding time-history records, drag, longitudinal stability, and control effectiveness are provided.
Date: February 6, 1948
Creator: Stone, David G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-spinning characteristics of a 1/21-scale model of the Douglas AD-2W Airplane: TED No. NACA DE329

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the spin and recovery characteristics of a model of the Douglas AD-2W airplane, which has a large radome installation. Results indicated that the plane has satisfactory erect and inverted spin-recovery characteristics. Information about erect spins, inverted spins, and recommended recovery technique is provided.
Date: June 9, 1948
Creator: White, Richard P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of two models representing intermediate inboard and outboard wing sections of the XB-36 airplane

Description: Report presenting testing in the two-dimensional low-turbulence pressure tunnel and the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel of two models made by the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, one of the outboard section and one of the inboard section.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Bogdonoff, Seymour M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel tests of a propeller with the diameter changed by cutting off the blade tips

Description: Tests were conducted in order to determine how the characteristics of a propeller are affected by cutting off the tips. The diameter of a standard 10-foot metal propeller was changed successively to 9 feet 6 inches, 9 feet 0 inches, 8 feet 6 inches, and 8 feet 0 inches. Each propeller thus formed was tested at four pitch settings using an open cockpit fuselage and a D-12 engine. A small loss in propulsive efficiency is indicated. Examples are given showing the application of the results to practical problems.
Date: December 10, 1929
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings 2: thick wing - various radial-engine cowlings - tractor propeller

Description: This report is the second of a series giving the results obtained in the 20-foot wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. The first report gave the results of the test of a N.A.C.A. cowled air-cooled engine nacelle located in 21 positions with reference to a thick wing. The present report gives results of tests of a normal engine nacelle with several types of cowling and fairings in four of the positions with reference to the same wing. (author).
Date: May 12, 1932
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of large airfoils in the propeller research tunnel, including two with corrugated surfaces

Description: This report gives the results of the tests of seven 2 by 12 foot airfoils (Clark Y, smooth and corrugated, Gottingen 398, N.A.C.A. M-6, and N.A.C.A. 84). The tests were made in the propeller research tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at Reynolds numbers up to 2,000,000. The Clark Y airfoil was tested with three degrees of surface smoothness. Corrugating the surface causes a flattening of the lift curve at the burble point and an increase in drag at small flying angles.
Date: May 24, 1929
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale tests of metal propellers at high tip speeds

Description: This report describes tests of 10 full-scale metal propellers of several thickness ratios at various tip speeds up to 1,350 feet per second. The results indicate no loss of efficiency up to tip speeds of approximately 1,000 feet per second. Above this tip speed the loss is at a rate of about 10 per cent per 100 feet per second increase relative to the efficiency at the lower speeds for propellers of pitch diameter ratios 0.3 to 0.4. Propellers having sections of small thickness ratio can be run at slightly higher speeds than thick ones before beginning to lose efficiency.
Date: November 5, 1930
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale wind-tunnel to determine a satisfactory location for a service Pitot-static tube on a low-wing monoplane

Description: Surveys of the air flow over the upper surface of four different airfoils were made in the full-scale wind tunnel to determine a satisfactory location for a fixed Pitot-static tube on a low-wing monoplane. The selection was based on small interference errors, less than 5 percent, and on a consideration of structural and ground handling problems. The most satisfactory location on the airfoils without flaps that were investigated was 10 percent of the chord aft and 25 percent of the chord above the trailing edge of a section approximately 40 percent of the semispan inboard of the wing tip. No satisfactory location was found near the wing when the flaps were deflected.
Date: March 1936
Creator: Parsons, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internal-flow systems for aircraft

Description: An investigation has been made to determine efficient arrangements for an internal-flow system of an aircraft when such a system operates by itself or in combination with other flow systems. The investigation included a theoretical treatment of a problem and tests in the NACA 5-foot vertical wind tunnel of inlet and outlet openings in a flat plate and in a wing. When an internal-flow system tends to decrease the final velocity of it's wake, the results showed that it should be arranged in series with the propulsive system; the inlet opening should be located at a forward stagnation point; and the outlet opening should be so shaped and located as to recover the kinetic energy of the jet without increasing the drag of other portions of the aircraft. When an internal-flow system tends to increase the final velocity new b's wake, as does a propeller, location of the inlet opening in the boundary layer or in the wake of the wing or in the fuselage may be desirable.
Date: October 1940
Creator: Rogallo, F. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of suction slot shapes for controlling a turbulent boundary layer

Description: Report presenting testing of several boundary-layer-control suction slots in a two-dimensional diffuser to develop design criteria and to evaluate the practical minimum total-pressure losses. The shape of the boundary layer behind the slot was found to depend only on the quantity of air removed provided the slot inert had rounded edges.
Date: 1956
Creator: Pierpont, P. Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of NACA 65(sub 112) A111 (approx.) airfoil with 0.35-chord slotted flap at Reynolds numbers up to 25 million

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel and low-turbulence pressure tunnel to determine the highest maximum lift configurations of a slotted flap on an NACA 65(sub 112)A111 (approx.) airfoil section. The scale effects on aerodynamic characteristics were determined for a range of Reynolds numbers. Results regarding flap configurations, lift characteristics, pitching-moment characteristics, drag characteristics, and effects of leading-edge roughness are provided.
Date: October 1947
Creator: Racisz, Stanley F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method of calculating the performance of controllable propellers with sample computations

Description: This paper contains a series of calculations showing how the performance of controllable propellers may be derived from data on fixed-pitch propellers given in N.A.C.A. Technical Report No. 350, or from similar data. Sample calculations are given which compare the performance of airplanes with fixed-pitch and with controllable propellers. The gain in performance with controllable propellers is shown to be largely due to the increased power available, rather than to an increase in efficiency. Controllable propellers are of particular advantage when used with geared and with supercharged engines. A controllable propeller reduces the take-off run, increases the rate of climb and the ceiling, but does not increase the high speed, except when operating above the design altitude of the previously used fixed-pitch propeller or when that propeller was designed for other than high speed.
Date: January 1934
Creator: Hartman, Edwin P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics at High Speeds of Full-Scale Propellers Having Different Shank Designs

Description: From Summary: "Tests of two 10-foot-diameter two-blade propellers which differed only in shank design have been made in the Langley 16-foot high-speed tunnel. The propellers are designated by their blade design numbers, NACA 10-(5)(08)-03, which had aerodynamically efficient airfoil shank sections, and NACA l0-(5)(08)-03R which had thick cylindrical shank sections typical of conventional blades. The propellers mere tested on a 2000-horsepower dynamometer through a range of blade-angles from 20deg to 55deg at various rotational speeds and at airspeeds up to 496 miles per hour. The resultant tip speeds obtained simulate actual flight conditions, and the variation of air-stream Mach number with advance ratio is within the range of full-scale constant-speed propeller operation."
Date: February 13, 1947
Creator: Maynard, Julian D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of compressor-turbine jet-propulsion systems

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the performance of compressor-turbine jet-propulsion systems carried out by calculating the thrust power from a compressor-turbine jet engine with a systematic variation of pressure ratio, fuel-air ratio, compressor and turbine efficiencies, flight speed, altitude, and maximum gas temperature.
Date: June 1945
Creator: Palmer, Carl B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of ground effect on wings with flaps

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the N.A.C.A. 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel to determine the effect of ground proximity on the aerodynamic characteristics of wings equipped with high-lift devices. A rectangular and a tapered wing were tested without flaps, with a split flap, and with a slotted flap. The ground was represented by a flat plate, completely spanning the tunnel and extending a considerable distance ahead and back of the model. The position of the plate was varied from one-half to three chord lengths below the wing. The results are presented in the form of curves of absolute coefficients, showing the effect of the ground on each wing arrangement."
Date: May 1939
Creator: Recant, Isidore G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The NACA impact basin and water landing tests of a float model at various velocities and weights

Description: Report presenting data obtained when a float with both horizontal and vertical velocity contact on a water surface. The report is confined to a presentation of the relationship between resultant velocity and impact normal acceleration for various float weights when all other parameters are constant.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Batterson, Sidney A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Radio Ground-Speed System for Aircraft

Description: Report presenting a method utilizing the Doppler effect on radio signals for determining the speed and distance traveled of an airplane. The method is called the NACA radio ground-speed system and uses the standard radio transmitter already found in most aircraft. Flight tests were made in which the method was used and the results were consisted with calibrated airspeed indications and stop-watch measurements.
Date: February 1943
Creator: Hastings, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel vibration tests of dual-rotating propellers

Description: Report presenting vibration tests of six- and eight-blade tractor and seven- and eight-blade pusher dual-rotating propellers conducted in the 16-foot high-speed tunnel to determine the severity of vibrations excited by blade passages. Measurements of vibratory stresses were made for engine-speed ranges at low, intermediate, and high engine powers. Few vibrations caused by blade passages were detected, and those vibrations were not serious.
Date: September 1943
Creator: Miller, Mason F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel vibration tests of a four-blade single rotating pusher propeller

Description: Report presenting vibration tests of a four-blade single-rotating propeller operating in a simulated pusher condition performed because the combination of wake and downwash behind a wing might provide serious excitation for reactionless vibrations of propellers with four or more blades. Measurements of propeller vibratory stress were made for various airspeeds, engine speeds, and engine powers.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Miller, Mason F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Principles involved in the cooling of a finned and baffled cylinder

Description: An analysis of the cooling problems for a finned cylinder is made on the basis of the known fundamental principles of heat transfer from pipes. Experimental results that support the analysis are presented. The results of previous investigations on the problem are evaluated on the basis of the analysis and the results. An illustration of the application of these principles to a specific problem is included.
Date: June 1938
Creator: Brevoort, M. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary flight research on an all-movable horizontal tail as a longitudinal control for flight at high Mach numbers

Description: Report presenting flight tests of an all-movable horizontal tail installed on a Curtiss XP-42 airplane due to its possible advantages as a longitudinal control at high Mach numbers. The elevator control was found to be unsatisfactory with the control arrangements tested.
Date: March 1945
Creator: Kleckner, Harold F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary free-flight investigation of the effect of airfoil section on aileron rolling effectiveness at transonic and supersonic speeds

Description: From Summary: "Results have been obtained by means of a free-flight technique utilizing rocket propulsion which indicate that aileron-rolling-effectiveness characteristics are affected adversely by variations in airfoil section which procedure large increases in the trailing-edge angle."
Date: June 25, 1948
Creator: Sandahl, Carl A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-distribution measurements of a low-drag airfoil with slotted flap submitted by Curtiss-Wright Corporation

Description: From Summary: "Pressure-distribution measurements were made at the request of the Materiel Division, U.S. Army Air Corps, on a 24-inch-chord wooden model equipped with a slotted flap and submitted by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation. The tests were made in the Langley two-dimensional tunnel at a Reynolds number of about 5,600,000."
Date: December 1941
Creator: Abbott, I. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department