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The Relative Effectiveness of Parental Positive Reinforcement and Punishment in Reducing Oppositional Behavior in Children and in Increasing the Frequency of Parent-Child Interaction

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the relative effectiveness of the reinforcement and punishment techniques in the natural environment, and the effect of their use upon the social interaction between parent and child. It was hypothesized that punishment would be more effective than reward in controlling oppositional behavior, but that reinforcement would be more effective in increasing child-initiated interaction with the parents.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Detrich, Ronnie
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effect of Learning-Set Acquisition on the IQs of Disadvantaged Preschool Children

Description: General learning ability is a combination of many relatively independent abilities, some of which have not yet been identified and studied experimentally. The acquisition of learning sets, a learning ability which has received considerable attention in the literature, involves the ability to solve single problems, generalize their solutions, transfer such information from one problem to another, and form concepts. Learning set is the acquired ability to solve a particular kind of problem. Discrimination learning set problems have different stimuli but a common basis for solution. The identification by the S of the characteristic which these problems have in common is the discrimination learning set. Harlow (1949) wrote that learning set acquisition depends upon a higher level of thought than is required for single problem learning. The particular set learned determines in large part which stimuli will be generalized in future problem solving.
Date: December 1973
Creator: Carreker, Helen L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Mother-child Relations and Social Expectations of Normal Children and Those with Learning Disabilities

Description: The study explored the possibility that the perceived mother-child relationship of children with learning disabilities differs from that of normal children. It was further hypothesized that the manner in which the child perceives his relationship to his mother is related to the perception he has of his society in general.
Date: August 1973
Creator: Wilson, Connie S.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Use of Systematic Desensitization in the Prevention of Pervasive Anxiety

Description: This investigation was concerned with the potential effectiveness of systematic desensitization as a technique in the prevention of pervasive anxiety. It was hypothesized for investigatory purposes, that if two specific, potentially anxiety-evoking stimuli could be pre-desensitized, this would be strongly suggestive that pre-desensitization programs might also prove successful in the prevention of pervasive anxiety.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Jaremko, Matthew E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Exploratory Investigation of Marital Role Expectations and their Relationships to Perceived Parent-Child Relations and Perceived Family Integration

Description: Fifty-one male and 57 female college undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course responded to the Roe-Siegelman PCR Questionnaire, a modified form of Tharp's (1963b) Marital Role Expectation Form (MRE), and a Family Integration Scale as fulfillment of research participation requirements. Previous research had indicated that generally children who experienced love and warmth in their childhood home had marital role expectations of friendliness, spontaneity, adaptability, trust, responsibility, and leadership, while those who experienced rejecting and neglecting parental behaviors were more likely to have expectations of being seclusive, guilty, hostile, rigid, mistrustful, and irresponsible.
Date: May 1973
Creator: Hopewell, Clifford Alan
Partner: UNT Libraries

Correlates of Parent-Child Relations as Perceived by the Child, Type of Humor Appreciations, and Neuroticism

Description: Appreciation of humor is generally accepted as being a unique aspect of human personality. Yet, despite its prominence in everyday situations, it remains a relatively unexplored area of scientific investigation. The present study has a twofold purpose: (1) an examination of the relationship of "sense of humor" to neurosis in a relatively normal population and, (2) an exploratory investigation of the type of parent-child relationship which fosters a particular mode of response to humor. As a result of the methods used to explore these areas, a third area for study was available to the investigator. That was the examination of the type of parent-child relationship perceived by the subject and the subsequent development or absence of neurosis.
Date: August 1971
Creator: Lloyd, Sidney W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Facilitation of Social Behavior in Group Psychotherapy with Geriatric Patients

Description: The purpose of the present study was to attempt to use the principles of behavior therapy and group psychotherapy to enhance social adjustment of the geriatric patients in an institutional environment. There are several factors positively related to satisfactory adjustment to old age such as educational level, marital status, employment history, religion, health, and membership in groups.
Date: August 1970
Creator: Blair, Ben R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Context, Cue Selection, and Transfer of Training

Description: The investigation examines the effects of three contexts (strong easily discriminable colors, shifting strong to weak colors, and a homogeneous white background) on cue selection in a paired associate study. Stimuli employed were high similarity consonant-consonant-consonant trigrams, and the responses were high imagery value nouns. Each S learned two lists.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Framer, Edward M.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effect of Meaningfulness, Position, and Overlearning on Selective Stimulus Encoding in Paired-Associate Learning

Description: The present experiment was an attempt to study to joint effects of stimulus component meaningfulness, positional cues, and overlearning upon cue selection in recall and, additionally, to test the stimulus component independence hypothesis advanced by Wichawut and Martin (1970).
Date: August 1972
Creator: Molavi, Hossein
Partner: UNT Libraries

Person Orientation of College Students' Vocational Interests as a Function of their Parents' Perceptions of Parent-Child Interactions

Description: This study investigated what relationship might exist between the parents' view of their interactions with their children and the degree of person orientation in their children's vocational interests. The hypotheses of this study were that the parents of subjects with toward-person-oriented vocational interests would perceive their interactions with their children as being more loving and overtly attentive than parents of subjects with away-from-person-oriented vocational interests. It was further hypothesized that these differences would be greater for males than for females.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Price, Jack Randall
Partner: UNT Libraries

Retrospective Perceptions of Early Parent-Child Relations and Occupational Orientation

Description: The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between early perceptions of parent-child relations, as measured by the Roe and Siegelman Parent-Child Relations Questionnaire (PCR), and the occupational orientation of the child, as measured by the Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB).
Date: December 1971
Creator: Smith, Richard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Early Recognition of Minimal Brain Injury through Use of the Metropolitan Readiness Tests

Description: This study explored the usefulness of the Metropolitan Readiness Tests (MRT) as a screening device for minimal brain injury. It was hypothesized that brain injured (BI) children would score significantly lower on Test Six of the MRT than non-brain injured (NBI) children. Test Six is a visual-motor perceptual task.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Spurgin, Raymon David
Partner: UNT Libraries

Mothers as Play Therapists for their Children

Description: The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of determining whether previously untrained, non-professional personnel, in this case mothers, can be trained to undertake and cope with the responsibilities of a play therapy situation with their own children. The hypothesis of this study is that by placing mothers in such a situation, the mother's ability to communicate with her child will be modified as well as modifying the child's perception of her as a warm and accepting parent.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Karotkin, Kenneth M.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Parental Roles and Behavior in Children

Description: This investigation was concerned with the goals parents set for their children, the child-rearing methods parents use to instill their goals in the child, and the behavioral and personality characteristics of the child. To measure these dimensions, participation was solicited from parents who had children enrolled in the North Texas State University Laboratory School.
Date: December 1970
Creator: McLendon, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Multivariate Prediction of Executive Success

Description: The principal purpose of this study was the assessment of the relationships of five personality traits, achievement motive, decisiveness, need for power, initiative, and selfassurance, to a criterion of executive success in business. A second purpose of the present study was the construction of a regression equation for the prediction of executive success.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Titsworth, William Layton
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Bender Gestalt Test and Prediction of Behavioral Problems in Moderately Mentally Retarded Children

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of Koppitz's method of scoring the Bender Gestalt (BG) Test for the prediction of behavioral problems in retarded children. The problem behaviors with which this study was concerned were those most often associated with the hyperactive child.
Date: May 1971
Creator: Baxter, Raymond D.
Partner: UNT Libraries