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Microcellular ceramic foams for radar absorbing structures

Description: This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The goal of this project is to develop a lightweight, semi-structural, radar-absorbing ceramic foam that can be incorporated into aircraft exhaust systems to replace many of the currently used dense ceramic parts and thereby improve the radar cross section. Although the conventional processes for producing ceramic foams have not been able to provide materials that meet the design specifications for high strength at low density, we have developed and demonstrated a novel sol-gel emulsion process for preparing microcellular ceramic foams in which compositional and microstructural control is expected to provide the requisite high-temperature radar-absorption, strength-to-weight ratio, and thermal insulative properties.
Date: September 1, 1996
Creator: Huling, J. & Phillips, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sintering Studies of Ga-Doped CeO{sub 2} (Ga-Doped PuO{sub 2} Surrogate) for Mixed Oxide Nuclear Fuel

Description: Sintering studies of CeO{sub 2} and CeO{sub 2} + 2 wt. % Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} were completed. Firing temperatures studied were 1250-1650 C with 2 to 4 hour firing soak times in air. Powders fabricated by three methods (as-received, attrition-mill and nitrite-derived) were studied. Attrition-milled CeO{sub 2} improved densities as compared with as-received CeO{sub 2}. Attrition-milled CeO{sub 2} with 2 wt.% Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} showed decreased densities with increasing temperatures. As-received CeO{sub 2} with 2 wt.% Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} showed a opposite trend, increasing in density with increased firing temperature. Two pellet preparation methods were studied, a one-step-press method and a two-step-press method. The two-step-press method showed greater densities at lower firing temperatures and times as compared with the one-step-press method, however for CeO{sub 2} + 2 wt.% Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}, the two methods gave equivalent results at 1650 C, 6 hr. firing conditions.
Date: April 25, 1999
Creator: Haertling, C.; Huling, J. & Park, Y.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of silica sols in inorganic molecular sieving membranes

Description: Polymeric silica sols, were deposited on commercial {gamma}-alumina supports to prepare gas separation membranes. Optimization of the sol fractal dimension and radius of gyration and minimization of condensation rate led to formation of a discrete film with pores of molecular dimensions. Two coatings of this sol (A2{sup **}) led to a membrane with ideal separation factor of 7 for helium versus nitrogen after calcination to 400C (helium permeance 0.002 cm{sup 3}/cm{sup 2}-s-cm Hg). Partial sintering of these membranes resulted in a further reduction in pore size or narrowing of pore size distribution as evidenced by larger separation factors e.g. 9 for helium versus nitrogen (helium permeance 0.0028 cm{sup 3}/cm{sup 2}-s-cm Hg) with only one A2{sup **} coating. Single gas measurements also showed high ideal separation factors for helium versus methane, propylene, sulfur hexafluoride and carbon dioxide. The deposited A2{sup **} membrane was reacted with titanium isopropoxide (Ti(O i-Pr){sub 4}) to improve both its thermal and chemical stability and modify its pore size. This reaction led to an increase in the membrane selectivity to >300 for He versus N{sub 2} below to 120C, and CO{sub 2} versus CH{sub 4}, when measured below 200C. A2{sup **} was also used as a host matrix for preparing imogolite composite membranes that showed molecular sieving behavior.
Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Sehgal, R.; Brinker, C.J. & Huling, J.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department