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Evaluation and recommendations on U. C. Lawrence Livermore Labortory Quality Assurance Program

Description: A study was conducted of the University of California's Lawrence Livermore Laboratory Quality Assurance Program, which focused on training needs and recommendations tailored to the various on-going programs. Specific attention was directed to an assessment of the quality status for the MFTF facility and the capabilities of assigned quality project engineers. Conclusions and recommendations are presented which not only address the purpose of this study, but extend into other areas to provide insight and needs for a total cost effective application of a quality assurance program.
Date: April 12, 1978
Creator: Carpenter, F.D. & Horner, M.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Post-operational examinations of two carbide-fueled in-pile converters

Description: Two 90UC--10ZrC fueled converters, IC-13 of Mark VI configuration and IC- C3 of Mark VIIB configuration, were examined in hot cell after in-pile operation. IC-3 operated for 4395 hours at an average emitter temperature of 1675 deg C as a converter test and then for 2945 hours at an average emitter temperature of ~1500 deg C as a fuel irradiation test; the average fuel burnup achieved was 2.5 x 10/ sup 20/ fission/c.c. IC-C3 operated 5445 hours at an average emitter temperature of 1670 deg C as a converter test; the average fuel burnup achieved was 5 x 10/ sup 19/ fission/c.c. The carbide fuel contained 4 wt % tungsten and had a C/U atom ratio of 1.05. Other unique features for the converter components were fluoride tungsten claddings of controlled fluorine contents (18 ppM for IC-I3 and 19 ppM for IC-C3), and the presence of a high temperature seal and a graphite sorption cesium reservoir in IC-C3 converter. The results obtained on fuel swelling, emitter deformation, fuel-cladding interaction and microstructures of various converter components are presented. Solutions to the problem areas encountered are recommended. (auth)
Date: September 30, 1970
Creator: Yang, L.; Horner, M.H. & Cochran, F.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Process development for cladding APT tungsten targets

Description: This report describes development of processes for cladding APT Target tungsten components with a thin layer (0.127-mm) of Alloy 718, Alloy 600 or 316L stainless steel alloy. The application requires that the cladding be thermally bonded to the tungsten in order to transfer heat generated in the tungsten volume to a surrounding coolant. High temperature diffusion bonding using the hot isostatic processing (HIP) technique was selected as the method for creating a metallurgical bond between pure tungsten tubes and rods and the cladding materials. Bonding studies using a uniaxially loaded vacuum hot press were conducted in preliminary experiments to determine acceptable time-temperature conditions for diffusion bonding. The results were successfully applied in cladding tungsten rods and tubes with these alloys. Temperatures 800-810 C were suitable for cladding tungsten with Alloy 600 and 316L stainless steel alloy, whereas tungsten was clad with Alloy 718 at 1020 C.
Date: November 27, 2000
Creator: Horner, M H; Barber, R & Dalder, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integral cesium reservoir: Design and transient operation

Description: An electrically heated thermionic converter has been designed built and successfully tested in air (Homer et.al., 1995). One of the unique features of this converter was an integral cesium reservoir thermally coupled to the emitter. The reservoir consisted of fifteen cesiated graphite pins located in pockets situated in the emitter lead with thermal coupling to the emitter, collector and the emitter terminal; there were no auxiliary electric heaters on the reservoir. Test results are described for conditions in which the input thermal power to the converter was ramped up and down between 50% and 100% of full power in times as short as 50 sec, with data acquisition occurring every 12 sec. During the ramps the emitter and collector temperature profiles. the reservoir temperature and the electric output into a fixed load resistor are reported. The converter responded promptly to the power ramps without excessive overshoot and with no tendency to develop instabilities. This is the rust demonstration of the performance of a cesium-graphite integral reservoir in a fast transient
Date: January 1, 1995
Creator: Smith, J.N. Jr.; Horner, M.H.; Begg, L.L. & Wrobleski, W.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design and operation of a thermionic converter in air

Description: An electrically heated thermionic converter has been designed, built and successfully tested in air. Several unique features were incorporated in this converter: an integral cesium reservoir, innovative ceramic-to-metal seals, a heat rejection system coupling the collector to a low temperature heat sink and an innovative cylindrical heater filament. The converter was operated for extended periods of time with the emitter at about 1900 K. the collector at about 700 K, and a power density of over 2 w(e)/sq. cm. Input power transients were run between 50% and 100% thermal power, at up to 1% per second, without instabilities in performance.
Date: January 1, 1995
Creator: Horner, M.H.; Begg, L.L.; Smith, J.N. Jr.; Geller, C.B. & Kallnowski, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department