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Distribution of Components in Ion Exchange Materials Taken from the K East Basin and Leaching of Ion Exchange Materials by Nitric/Hydrofluoric Acid and Nitric/Oxalic Acid

Description: Laboratory tests were performed to examine the efficacy of mixed nitric/hydrofluoric acid followed by mixed nitric/oxalic acid leach treatments to decontaminate ion exchange materials that have been found in a number of samples retrieved from K East (KE)Basin sludge. The ion exchange materials contain organic ion exchange resins and zeolite inorganic ion exchange material. Based on process records, the ion exchange resins found in the K Basins is a mixed-bed, strong acid/strong base material marketed as Purolite NRW-037. The zeolite material is Zeolon-900, a granular material composed of the mineral mordenite. Radionuclides sorbed or associated with the ion exchange material can restrict its disposal to the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). The need for testing to support development of a treatment process for K Basin sludge has been described in Section 4.2 of ''Testing Strategy to Support the Development of K Basins Sludge Treatment Process'' (Flament 1998). Elutriation and washing steps are designed to remove the organic resins from the K Basin sludge. To help understand the effects of the anticipated separation steps, tests were performed with well-rinsed ion exchange (IX) material from KE Basin floor sludge (sample H-08 BEAD G) and with well-rinsed IX having small quantities of added KE canister composite sludge (sample KECOMP). Tests also were performed to determine the relative quantities of organic and inorganic IX materials present in the H-08 K Basin sludge material. Based on chemical analyses of the separated fractions, the rinsed and dry IX material H-08 BEAD G was found to contain 36 weight percent inorganic material (primarily zeolite). The as-received (unrinsed) and dried H-08 material was estimated to contain 45 weight percent inorganic material.
Date: April 2, 1999
Creator: Delegard, C. H.; Rinehart, D. E. & Hoopes, F. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support: Window C'' total organic carbon analysis

Description: Core samples taken from Hanford double-shell waste tank 101-SY during Window C'' (after the May 1991 gas release event) were analyzed for total organic carbon by the staff of the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory at Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The procedure uses the oxidation/extraction method of hot acid persulfate oxidation. Evolved CO{sub 2} is measured by a UIC Coulometric Carbon Analyzer coulometry detector. Samples are acidified with heated sulfuric acid to drive off all inorganic carbonate carbon as CO{sub 2}. Excess potassium persulfate oxidant, along with a silver catalyst, is then added to the heated sulfuric acid solution. All organic carbon is oxidized to CO{sub 2}, swept away by the carrier gas to the Coulometrics Analyzer, and the results calculated and displayed directly as {mu}g carbon titrated.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Gillespie, B.M.; Stromatt, R.W.; Baldwin, D.L. & Hoopes, F.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support: Window ``C`` total organic carbon analysis

Description: Core samples taken from Hanford double-shell waste tank 101-SY during Window ``C`` (after the May 1991 gas release event) were analyzed for total organic carbon by the staff of the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory at Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The procedure uses the oxidation/extraction method of hot acid persulfate oxidation. Evolved CO{sub 2} is measured by a UIC Coulometric Carbon Analyzer coulometry detector. Samples are acidified with heated sulfuric acid to drive off all inorganic carbonate carbon as CO{sub 2}. Excess potassium persulfate oxidant, along with a silver catalyst, is then added to the heated sulfuric acid solution. All organic carbon is oxidized to CO{sub 2}, swept away by the carrier gas to the Coulometrics Analyzer, and the results calculated and displayed directly as {mu}g carbon titrated.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Gillespie, B. M.; Stromatt, R. W.; Baldwin, D. L. & Hoopes, F. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing and caustic leaching of Hanford Tank C-106 sludge

Description: This report describes the results of a laboratory-scale washing and caustic leaching test performed on sludge from Hanford Tank C-106. The purpose of this test was to determine the behavior of important sludge components when subjected to washing with dilute or concentrated sodium hydroxide solutions. The results of this laboratory-scale test were used to support the design of a bench-scale washing and leaching process used to prepare several hundred grams of high-level waste solids for vitrification tests to be done by private contractors. The laboratory-scale test was conducted at Pacific Northwest Laboratory in FY 1996 as part of the Hanford privatization effort. The work was funded by the US Department of Energy through the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS; EM-30).
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Lumetta, G.J.; Wagner, M.J.; Hoopes, F.V. & Steele, R.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mixing of process heels, process solutions, and recycle streams: Results of the small-scale radioactive tests

Description: Various recycle streams will be combined with the low-activity waste (LAW) or the high-level waste (HLW) feed solutions during the processing of the Hanford tank wastes by BNFL, Inc. In addition, the LAW and HLW feed solutions will also be mixed with heels present in the processing equipment. This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of mixing specific process streams. Observations were made regarding adverse reactions (mainly precipitation) and effects on the Tc oxidation state (as indicated by K{sub d} measurements with SuperLig{reg_sign} 639). The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-023, Rev. 0, Small Scale Mixing of Process Heels, Solutions, and Recycle Streams. The test went according to plan, with only minor deviations from the test plan. The deviations from the test plan are discussed in the experimental section.
Date: May 17, 2000
Creator: Lumetta, G. J.; Bramson, J. P.; Farmer, O. T., III; Greenwood, L. R.; Hoopes, F. V.; Mann, M. A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inorganic, Radioisotopic, and Organic Analysis of 241-AP-101 Tank Waste

Description: Battelle received five samples from Hanford waste tank 241-AP-101, taken at five different depths within the tank. No visible solids or organic layer were observed in the individual samples. Individual sample densities were measured, then the five samples were mixed together to provide a single composite. The composite was homogenized and representative sub-samples taken for inorganic, radioisotopic, and organic analysis. All analyses were performed on triplicate sub-samples of the composite material. The sample composite did not contain visible solids or an organic layer. A subsample held at 10 C for seven days formed no visible solids.
Date: October 17, 2000
Creator: Fiskum, S.K.; Bredt, P.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Farmer, O.T.; Greenwood, L.R.; Hoppe, E.W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

C-106 High-Level Waste Solids: Washing/Leaching and Solubility Versus Temperature Studies

Description: This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of inhibited water washing and caustic leaching on the composition of the Hanford tank C-106 high-level waste (HLW) solids. The objective of this work was to determine the composition of the C-106 solids remaining after washing with 0.01M NaOH or leaching with 3M NaOH. Another objective of this test was to determine the solubility of various C-106 components as a function of temperature. The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-8,Rev. 0, Determination of the Solubility of HLW Sludge Solids. The test went according to plan, with only minor deviations from the test plan. The deviations from the test plan are discussed in the experimental section.
Date: January 26, 2000
Creator: Lumetta, G. J.; Bates, D. J.; Berry, P. K.; Bramson, J. P.; Darnell, L. P.; Farmer, O. T., III et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department