Description: The problem of understanding the semiclassical description of the time evolution of an ensemble of two state systems under the influence of a coherent radiation field is of considerable importance. Previous attempts to deal with these problems have dealt with either broad pulses or ultrashort pulses which allow the use of the rate equations or finite phase memory to be incorporated into the description. In neither case, however, has the effect of incoherent feeding and off-resonance effects in a coherently driven two-level system been analyzed. A closed form solution that includes the effects of relaxation and spontaneous emission between the two levels has been obtained for the general case when the ensemble is being incoherently fed from a population reservoir, as would be the case, for example, in a chemical laser. In addition to providing a basis for understanding the modifications which occur for such a system, the mathematical formulation predicts that an important effect may be observed. This effect, which is termed ''kinetic coherence,'' is the production of a long-term coherent component that results directly from the kinetic feeding. The magnitude of the component is related to the rate of creating excited states, relaxation pathways and the off-resonance frequency. It is shown how, in principle, it is possible to utilize these off-resonance effects in any inhomogeneously broadened system to significantly overcome the losses from T$sub 2$ relaxation processes and to provide an experimental system capable of controlling the relative ratio of spontaneous and stimulated emission. Finally, the relationships between chemical kinetics, the off-resonance feature and sustained self-regulation in a system exhibiting gain are discussed. (auth)
Date: June 1, 1975
Creator: Harris, C.B.
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