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Incorporating pollution into US Department of Energy design projects: Case study results and participant feedback

Description: Pollution prevention seeks to eliminate the release of all pollutants (hazardous and non-hazardous) to all media (land, air, and water). Beyond eliminating pollution at the source, pollution prevention includes energy conservation, water conservation, and protection of natural resources. Therefore, pollution prevention addresses not only wastes exiting a process, but materials entering and being consumed by the process as well. Historically, pollution prevention activities within the US Department of Energy (DOE) have focused on existing process waste streams -- the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (P2OA) being the central tool for identifying and implementing pollution prevention opportunities. However, it is estimated that 70% of a product`s total lifecycle cost is fixed by design (i.e., before the product, process, or facility ever gets built). By moving pollution prevention upstream into design, new opportunities emerge for minimizing waste not only during operations, but during construction and dismantlement of a facility as well. This is significant because it is estimated that the environmental consequences from construction of a building are comparable to a decade of operating the building, and demolition creates even more waste than construction.
Date: June 1, 1995
Creator: Dorsey, J.A.; Greitzer, F.L. & Raney, E.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pollution prevention electronic design guideline: A tool for identifying pollution prevention in facility design

Description: The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has developed a tool to assist in incorporating pollution prevention opportunities into the design of federal facilities. The Pollution Prevention Environmental Design Guide for Engineers (P2-EDGE) was developed for the US Department of Energy (prior to its release this summer it had been referred to as the P2 electronic design guideline. P2-EDGE contains a database of 267 opportunities intended to help a decisionmaker (designer, engineer, or project manager) evaluate the applicability and potential benefits of implementing pollution prevention in a particular project. The P2-EDGE database was derived from both DOE and non-DOE sources including pollution prevention literature, industrial design personnel, and federal, state, and DOE sources. A key feature of the tool is the integration of photos, illustrations, and documentation to provide easy access to technical information on specific waste minimization opportunities in design.
Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Greitzer, F.L.; Brown, B.W.; Dorsey, J.A. & Raney, E.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A tool for promoting pollution prevention in facility design

Description: The Pacific Northwest Laboratory{sup (a)} has developed a tool to assist in incorporating pollution prevention opportunities into the design of federal facilities. The pollution prevention electronic design guideline (EDG), developed for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), contains a database of 267 opportunities intended to help a decisionmaker (designer, engineer, or project manager) evaluate the applicability and potential benefits of implementing pollution prevention in a particular project. The EDG`s database was derived from both DOE and non-DOE sources including pollution prevention literature, industrial design personnel, and federal, state, and DOE sources. A key feature of the tool is the integration of photos, illustrations, and documentation to provide easy access to technical information on specific waste minimization opportunities in design. This paper describes the software tool, the Pollution Prevention Electronic Design Guideline (EDG). The EDG runs on a personal computer within the Microsoft Windows environment. The EDG is used with the P2DA Guidance Manual on a project-by-project basis. The P2DA process is analogous to the Waste Minimization Assessment method established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for existing process waste streams. The EDG is introduced during the stage of the P2DA when design alternatives are being explored (after the anticipated waste streams have been quantified). As such, the EDG database is not exhaustive, and it is not computational (i.e., it does not compute the lifecycle impacts of implementation). Its purpose is to raise awareness of existing technologies and design practices that can improve resource efficiency or decrease waste generation over the entire life of the project (construction, operation, and decommissioning), and to provide a template for the documentation. Because design is an iterative process, the EDG is also intended to be revisited with each successive design stage.
Date: April 1, 1995
Creator: Greitzer, F.L.; Brown, B.W. & Dorsey, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

TEDANN: Turbine engine diagnostic artificial neural network

Description: The initial focus of TEDANN is on AGT-1500 fuel flow dynamics: that is, fuel flow faults detectable in the signals from the Electronic Control Unit`s (ECU) diagnostic connector. These voltage signals represent the status of the Electro-Mechanical Fuel System (EMFS) in response to ECU commands. The EMFS is a fuel metering device that delivers fuel to the turbine engine under the management of the ECU. The ECU is an analog computer whose fuel flow algorithm is dependent upon throttle position, ambient air and turbine inlet temperatures, and compressor and turbine speeds. Each of these variables has a representative voltage signal available at the ECU`s J1 diagnostic connector, which is accessed via the Automatic Breakout Box (ABOB). The ABOB is a firmware program capable of converting 128 separate analog data signals into digital format. The ECU`s J1 diagnostic connector provides 32 analog signals to the ABOB. The ABOB contains a 128 to 1 multiplexer and an analog-to-digital converter, CP both operated by an 8-bit embedded controller. The Army Research Laboratory (ARL) developed and published the hardware specifications as well as the micro-code for the ABOB Intel EPROM processor and the internal code for the multiplexer driver subroutine. Once the ECU analog readings are converted into a digital format, the data stream will be input directly into TEDANN via the serial RS-232 port of the Contact Test Set (CTS) computer. The CTS computer is an IBM compatible personal computer designed and constructed for tactical use on the battlefield. The CTS has a 50MHz 32-bit Intel 80486DX processor. It has a 200MB hard drive and 8MB RAM. The CTS also has serial, parallel and SCSI interface ports. The CTS will also host a frame-based expert system for diagnosing turbine engine faults (referred to as TED; not shown in Figure 1).
Date: March 17, 1994
Creator: Kangas, L.J.; Greitzer, F.L. & Illi, O.J. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collaborative human-machine nuclear non-proliferation analysis

Description: The purpose of this paper is to report on the results of a project investigating support concepts for the information treatment needs of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, also referred to as the Agency) and its attempts to strengthen international safeguards. The aim of the research was to define user/computer interface concepts and intelligent support features that will enhance the analyst`s access to voluminous and diverse information, the ability to recognize and evaluate uncertain data, and the capability to make decisions and recommendations. The objective was to explore techniques for enhancing safeguards analysis through application of (1) more effective user-computer interface designs and (2) advanced concepts involving human/system collaboration. The approach was to identify opportunities for human/system collaboration that would capitalize on human strengths and still accommodate human limitations. This paper documents the findings and describes a concept prototype, Proliferation Analysis Support System (PASS), developed for demonstration purposes. The research complements current and future efforts to enhance the information systems used by the IAEA, but has application elsewhere, as well.
Date: October 1, 1993
Creator: Greitzer, F. L.; Badalamente, R. V. & Stewart, T. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An electronic design guideline for incorporating pollution prevention into U.S. Department of Energy design projects

Description: The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has developed a prototype pollution prevention electronic design guideline (EDG) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Waste Minimization Division (EM-334). The EDG contains a database of 267 opportunities to incorporate pollution prevention features into DOE design projects. Each opportunity provides supporting data that help the decisionmaker (designers, engineers, and project managers) evaluate the applicability and potential benefits of implementing pollution prevention in their particular project. The EDG`s database was derived from both DOE and non-DOE sources including pollution prevention literature, industrial design personnel, and federal, state, and DOE sources. A key feature of the tool is the integration of photos, illustrations, and documentation to provide easy access to technical information on specific waste minimization opportunities in design. Historically, pollution prevention activities within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have focused on existing process waste streams. However, it is estimated that 70% of the cost over the life of a product is fixed by design (i.e., before the product is constructed or used). In recognition of this pollution prevention opportunity, the DOE has funded the Hanford Site to incorporate it into the design of new products, processes, and facilities across the complex. Hanford Site contractors are now beginning their third year of leading this activity for DOE Headquarters (HQ).
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Greitzer, F.L.; Brown, B.W.; Dorsey, J.A.; Stitzel, J.C. & Raney, E.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (NERI): On-Line Intelligent Self-Diagnostic Monitoring for Next Generation Nuclear Plants - Phase I Annual Report

Description: OAK-B135 This OSTI ID belongs to an IWO and is being released out of the system. The Program Manager Rebecca Richardson has confirmed that all reports have been received. The objective of this project is to design and demonstrate the operation of the real-time intelligent self-diagnostic and prognostic system for next generation nuclear power plant systems. This new self-diagnostic technology is titled, ''On-Line Intelligent Self-Diagnostic Monitoring System'' (SDMS). This project provides a proof-of-principle technology demonstration for SDMS on a pilot plant scale service water system, where a distributed array of sensors is integrated with active components and passive structures typical of next generation nuclear power reactor and plant systems. This project employs state-of-the-art sensors, instrumentation, and computer processing to improve the monitoring and assessment of the power reactor system and to provide diagnostic and automated prognostics capabilities.
Date: September 1, 2000
Creator: Bond, L. J.; Doctor, S. R.; Gilbert, R. W.; Jarrell, D. B.; Greitzer, F. L. & Meador, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CMS Distribution Subsystem User`s Guide. Software: Version 1.2

Description: Historically, tactical mission planning systems have been the primary clients of CMS data. CDPS is composed of two subsystems, the CMS Preprocessing Subsystem (CPS) and the CMS Distribution Subsystem (CDS). This guide describes the operation of CDS. References and other resources used for the preparation of this guide are listed. CDS is responsible for the management of archived CMS data, the management of production orders and the generation of theater databases. The CDS system was developed for use on a workstation running Ultrix 4.2, the X Window System Version X11R4, and Motif Version 1.1. CDS is organized into seven major functional groups: CDS Executive, Manage Processed Data, Display CMS Data, Manage Production Orders, Build Theater Databases, Administration Tools, and System Utilities.
Date: October 1, 1993
Creator: Gash, J. D.; Greitzer, F. L.; Hatfield, L. D.; Portwood, M. H. & Turney, C. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CMS Preprocessing Subsystem user`s guide: Software Version 2.0

Description: The Common Mapping Standard (CMS) Data Production System (CDPS) produces and distributes CMS data in compliance with the Common Mapping Standard Interface Control Document. CDPS is composed of two subsystems, the CMS Preprocessing Subsystem (CPS) and the CMS Distribution Subsystem (CDS). This guide describes the operation of CPS. CPS is responsible for the management of source data and the production of CMS data from source data. The CPS system was developed for use on a workstation running Ultrix 4.2, the X Window System Version X11R4, and motif Version 1.1. This subsystem is organized into four major functional groups and supports production of CMS data from source chart, indose, and elevation data products.
Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Didier, B. T.; Gash, J. D.; Greitzer, F. L.; Havre, S. L.; Ramsdell, J. V. & Turney, C. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CMS Distribution Subsystem user`s guide. Software Version 2.0

Description: The Common Mapping Standard (CMS) Data Production System (CDPS) produces and distributes CMS data in compliance with the Common Mapping Standard Interface Control Document. CDPS is composed of two subsystems the CMS Distribution Subsystem (CDS) and the CMS Preprocessing Subsystem (CPS). This guide describes the operation of CDS. CDS is responsible for the management of archived CMS data, the management of production orders, and the generation of theater databases. This subsystem was developed for use on a workstation running Ultrix 4.2, the X Window System Version X11R4, and motif Version 1.1. CDS is organized into seven major functional groups and supports archiving and distributing CMS data for selected products.
Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Gash, J. D.; Greitzer, F. L.; Hatfield, L. D.; Portwood, M. H. & Turney, C. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department