16 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this third quarterly report of our DoE funded research, we continue the discussion of the design of a new simulation tool based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique that allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. Also, we discuss the possibility of using Strang splitting for handling the large disparity in time-scales between the kinetics and transport in the in-situ combustion process. On the experimental side, we show results of experiments with our scanning electron microscope (SEM) to investigate the sand-clay-salt mixtures that are used for combustion in which we focus on grain sizes, shapes, orientations, characteristic inter-structures, and element analysis. SEM is shown to be a very effective tool in studying these mixtures.
Date: October 1, 2004
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this third quarterly report of our DoE funded research, we continue the discussion of the design of a new simulation tool based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique that allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. Also, we show preliminary results for the one-dimensional in-situ combustion simulator, which will serve as the foundation for the development of a three-dimensional simulator that can handle realistic permeability heterogeneity. On the experimental side, the combustion kinetic apparatus and the combustion tube are now fully operational, and a series of successful combustion tube runs were performed that clearly showed additives allow combustion of poorly reactive oils. We have also started scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis to investigate the sand-clay-salt mixtures that are used for combustion in which we focus on grain sizes, shapes, orientations, characteristic inter-structures, and element analysis.
Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this fifth quarterly report of our DoE funded research, we continue the discussion of the design of a new simulation tool based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique that allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. We have now developed an appropriate upscaling technique for our grids, based on the local-global upscaling approach. We show preliminary results on two-dimensional test cases. On the experimental side, we continued experiments to measure the rates and kinetics of combustion in the presence and absence of metallic additives. In this quarter, we developed a better understanding of the cation replacing power of the various additives that affect combustion performance positively, and obtained a preliminary reactivity series. We also resumed our experimental investigation into the cyclic solvent-combustion process using crude oil from the Hamaca Region of Venezuela. Various measurements were made including oxygen consumption as a function of temperature. Preliminary results show that the temperatures for the onset of combustion are a function of the solvent injected.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this sixth quarter of our DoE funded research, we continued the development of our new simulation tool which is based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique. This methodology allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. We improved the upscaling strategy on these grids, and derived an effective way to generate upscaled permeabilities that preserve local fluxes. We have started more in-depth research into splitting methods for stiff PDEs such as those found in in-situ combustion simulation. We will report on these new developments extensively in the next quarterly report. This quarterly report, we focus on experimental work. On the experimental side, we have fleshed out a mechanism of improved in-situ combustion with aqueous metallic salts using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the transport phenomenon of such additives through porous media. Based on the observations from SEM analysis, we propose cation exchange of metallic salts with clay as a mechanism to create activated sites that enhance combustion reactions between oil and oxygen. Moreover, the empirical ranking of the success of metallic ions as catalytic additives for in-situ combustion is interpreted as originating from three factors: cation replacing power, distribution of metallic additive adsorption sites, and cation catalytic power for oxidation and cracking of hydrocarbon.
Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this first quarterly report of our DoE funded research, we discuss the design of a new simulation tool based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique that allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. The formulation presented here for a first one-dimensional simulator will serve as the foundation for the development of a three-dimensional simulator that can handle realistic permeability heterogeneity. The development of the simulation tool will be supported by extensive laboratory experiments conducted to provide validation data, and to study effective variants of the combustion process. The preliminary investigation reported here shows how metallic salt additives can promote and sustain combustion by enhancing the oxidation and cracking of hydrocarbons.
Date: January 1, 2004
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this first quarterly report of our DoE funded research, we discuss the design of a new simulation tool based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique that allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. The formulation presented here for a first one-dimensional simulator will serve as the foundation for the development of a three-dimensional simulator that can handle realistic permeability heterogeneity. The development of the simulation tool will be supported by extensive laboratory experiments conducted to provide validation data, and to study effective variants of the combustion process. The preliminary investigation reported here shows how metallic salt additives can promote and sustain combustion by enhancing the oxidation and cracking of hydrocarbons.
Date: April 1, 2004
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial Compositional Streamline Simulation for Efficient and Accurate Prediction of Gas Injection and WAG Processes

Description: Gas-injection processes are widely and increasingly used for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). In the United States, for example, EOR production by gas injection accounts for approximately 45% of total EOR production and has tripled since 1986. The understanding of the multiphase, multicomponent flow taking place in any displacement process is essential for successful design of gas-injection projects. Due to complex reservoir geometry, reservoir fluid properties and phase behavior, the design of accurate and efficient numerical simulations for the multiphase, multicomponent flow governing these processes is nontrivial. In this work, we developed, implemented and tested a streamline based solver for gas injection processes that is computationally very attractive: as compared to traditional Eulerian solvers in use by industry it computes solutions with a computational speed orders of magnitude higher and a comparable accuracy provided that cross-flow effects do not dominate. We contributed to the development of compositional streamline solvers in three significant ways: improvement of the overall framework allowing improved streamline coverage and partial streamline tracing, amongst others; parallelization of the streamline code, which significantly improves wall clock time; and development of new compositional solvers that can be implemented along streamlines as well as in existing Eulerian codes used by industry. We designed several novel ideas in the streamline framework. First, we developed an adaptive streamline coverage algorithm. Adding streamlines locally can reduce computational costs by concentrating computational efforts where needed, and reduce mapping errors. Adapting streamline coverage effectively controls mass balance errors that mostly result from the mapping from streamlines to pressure grid. We also introduced the concept of partial streamlines: streamlines that do not necessarily start and/or end at wells. This allows more efficient coverage and avoids the redundant work generally done in the near-well regions. We improved the accuracy of the streamline simulator with a higher order mapping ...
Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation and High Resolution Simulation of In-Situ Combustion Processes

Description: This final technical report describes work performed for the project 'Experimental Investigation and High Resolution Numerical Simulator of In-Situ Combustion Processes', DE-FC26-03NT15405. In summary, this work improved our understanding of in-situ combustion (ISC) process physics and oil recovery. This understanding was translated into improved conceptual models and a suite of software algorithms that extended predictive capabilities. We pursued experimental, theoretical, and numerical tasks during the performance period. The specific project objectives were (i) identification, experimentally, of chemical additives/injectants that improve combustion performance and delineation of the physics of improved performance, (ii) establishment of a benchmark one-dimensional, experimental data set for verification of in-situ combustion dynamics computed by simulators, (iii) develop improved numerical methods that can be used to describe in-situ combustion more accurately, and (iv) to lay the underpinnings of a highly efficient, 3D, in-situ combustion simulator using adaptive mesh refinement techniques and parallelization. We believe that project goals were met and exceeded as discussed.
Date: April 30, 2008
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Tony
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation and High Resolution Simulator of In-Situ Combustion Processes

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this current and thirteenth report, we report on our continuing development of a Virtual Kinetic Cell model and our continuing experimental program.
Date: December 31, 2006
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation and High Resolution Simulator of In-Situ Combustion Processes

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this current and eleventh report, we report on the development of a virtual kinetic cell (VKC) that aids the study of the interaction between kinetics and phase behavior. The VKC also provides an excellent tool for developing and testing specialized solvers for the stiff kinetics encountered in ISC processes.
Date: July 1, 2006
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation and High Resolution Simulator of In-Situ Combustion Processes

Description: Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this current and fourteenth report, we report on our continued numerical experimentation with the Virtual Kinetic Cell and our continuing experimental program.
Date: March 31, 2007
Creator: Gerritsen, Margot & Kovscek, Anthony
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department