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DR-CAFTA, Textiles, and Apparel

Description: The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA), signed on August 5, 2004, by the United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic is a comprehensive and reciprocal trade agreement that, if ratified by all parties, would govern market access of goods, services trade, investment, government procurement, intellectual property, labor, and the environment. With respect to textiles and apparel, DR-CAFTA is comparatively less restrictive than most other trade agreements and trade preference programs regarding what qualifies for duty-free access to the United States.
Date: May 20, 2005
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act: Context and Content

Description: Debate over natural gas pricing has included the consideration of a windfall profit tax, with the oil windfall profit tax as a possible guide to what might be levied on natural gas at the wellhead. This report reviews the issues surrounding the enactment of the crude oil windfall profit tax, spells out its provisions, and provides data on the revenues collected and anticipated.
Date: December 17, 1981
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Caspian Oil and Gas: Production and Prospects

Description: There is a likelihood of large reserves of crude oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea region, and a consequent large increase in oil and natural gas production from that area. Because diversity of energy sources is a consideration in Congressional deliberations on energy policy, this prospect could play a role in such discussions. However, there are notable obstacles to increases in Caspian Sea region production of oil and gas that may slow development.
Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Caspian Oil and Gas: Production and Prospects

Description: There is a likelihood of large reserves of crude oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea region, and a consequent large increase in oil and natural gas production from that area. Because diversity of energy sources is a consideration in Congressional deliberations on energy policy, this prospect could play a role in such discussions. However, there are notable obstacles to increases in Caspian Sea region production of oil and gas that may slow development.
Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ANWR Development: Economic Impacts

Description: This report briefly discusses Congressional considerations on whether to continue to protect the ecosystem on the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) or to open it to oil and gas development.
Date: December 3, 2001
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Caspian Oil and Gas: Production and Prospects

Description: There is a likelihood of large reserves of crude oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea region, and a consequent large increase in oil and natural gas production from that area. Because diversity of energy sources is a consideration in Congressional deliberations on energy policy, this prospect could play a role in such discussions. However, there are notable obstacles to increases in Caspian Sea region production of oil and gas that may slow development.
Date: April 9, 2002
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Caspian Oil and Gas: Production and Prospects

Description: There is a likelihood of large reserves of crude oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea region, and a consequent large increase in oil and natural gas production from that area. Because diversity of energy sources is a consideration in Congressional deliberations on energy policy, this prospect could play a role in such discussions. However, there are notable obstacles to increases in Caspian Sea region production of oil and gas that may slow development.
Date: March 4, 2005
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ANWR Development: Economic Impacts

Description: The 109th Congress will be deciding whether to continue to protect the ecosystem on the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) or to open it to oil and gas drilling- with good prospects of finding economically recoverable amounts of oil. Less certain are the actual amounts of oi and gas to be found, impacts of development of the world of oil prices and on the U.S. economy, including employment- although recent substantial increase in oil and gas prices tend to boost estimates of economically recoverable oil.
Date: October 17, 2005
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Description: The 105th Congress has reinstated for about half a year the federal excise taxes on fuel used by noncommercial aviation. This follows a similar move by the 104th Congress on aviation fuel taxes, and actions pertaining to the tax on diesel fuel used in recreational motorboats, and to the fuel tax credits given to first purchasers of diesel-powered cars and light trucks. The 104th Congress also debated repeal of the increase of 4.3 cents per gallon in transportation fuel taxes imposed by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (OBRA93) (P.L. 103-66), but no new law resulted.
Date: March 17, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation Fuel Taxes, Legislative Issues, and the Transportation Equity Act

Description: In reauthorizing federal surface transportation programs this year (P .L 105-178), Congress has modified the attributes of some of the transportation fuel excise taxes that fluid. those programs and others. Since the federal government first started taxing transportation fuels, the issue of how the revenues should be used has played a major role in determining whether and which transportation fuels should be taxed; and by how much. Congress changed several aspects of transportation fuel taxation in 1997, most notably redirecting revenues from deficit reduction to the trust funds established for transportation-related projects This report provides the context for federal excise taxes on transportation fuels describes recent developments, and outlines the structure of those taxes on the major fuels with respect to levels, disposition of revenues, effective dates, and expiration dates. This report will be updated as legislative activity warrants.
Date: June 17, 1998
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Textile and Apparel Trade Issues

Description: textiles and apparel have been major issues in U.S. trade relations with a number of countries and regions. In attempts to resolve conflicts between the interests of exporters and importers, a number of agreements (multilateral and bilateral) have been signed over the years bearing on, and generally restricting, the quantities of textiles and apparel traded. Developing countries, whose exports have been limited, believe that developed countries have unfairly delayed import liberalization, and continue to press for accelerated implementation of the phaseout of quotas. Congress eased trade terms on textiles and apparel from Caribbean and sub-Saharan nations in its latest move to boost economic growth in poorer regions. This report will be updated as events warran
Date: March 20, 2001
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department