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Crystal structure, superconductivity and magnetism of the quasi-2D heavy fermion materials CeTIn[sub 5] (T = Co, Rh, Ir).

Description: The crystal structure of the recently discovered heavy-fermion (HF) superconductor CeCoIn{sub 5} (T{sub c} = 2.3 K) has been determined by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. It is tetragonal (space group P4/mmm), with lattice parameters a = 4.61292(9) {angstrom} and c = 7.5513(2) {angstrom} at ambient conditions. Whereas CeCoIn{sub 5} is isostructural with the HF aniferromagnet CeRhIn{sub 5} and the HF superconductor CeIrIn{sub 5}, its cell constants and its only variable positional parameter, zIn2, differ significantly from the corresponding ones of CeRhIn{sub 5} and CeIrIn{sub 5}. As a result, the distortions of the cuboctahedron [CeIn{sub 3}], which is the key structural unit in all three materials, are different in CeCoIn{sub 5} from the ones in CeRhIn{sub 5} and CeIrIn{sub 5}. The compounds CeCoIn{sub 5} and CeIrIn{sub 5}, which contain the most distorted (in one or another way) [CeIn{sub 3}] cuboctahedra exhibit superconductivity at ambient pressure below 2.3 K and 0.4 K, respectively. On the other hand, CeRhIn{sub 5}, in which [CeIn{sub 3}] cuboctahedra are the less distorted, and the cubic HF CeIn{sub 3} are antiferromagnets at ambient pressure with T{sub N} = 3.8 K and 10 K respectively; they become superconductors under pressure of 16 kbar and 25 kbar with T{sub c} = 2.1 and 0.2 K respectively.
Date: January 1, 2001
Creator: Sarrao, John L.,; Pagliuso, P. J. (Pascoal J.); Moreno, N. O.; Thompson, J. D. (Joe David); Fisk, Zachary & Moshopoulou, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bulk band gaps in divalent hexaborides: A soft x-ray emission study

Description: Boron K-edge soft x-ray emission and absorption are used to address the fundamental question of whether divalent hexaborides are intrinsic semimetals or defect-doped bandgap insulators. These bulk sensitive measurements, complementary and consistent with surface-sensitive angle-resolved photoemission experiments, confirm the existence of a bulk band gap and the location of the chemical potential at the bottom of the conduction band.
Date: October 3, 2001
Creator: Denlinger, Jonathan D.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Allen, James W.; Bianchi, Andrea D. & Fisk, Zachary
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Local structure and site occupancy of Cd and Hg substitutions in CeTIn_5 (T=Co, Rh, Ir)

Description: The CeTIn_5 superconductors (T=Co, Rh, or Ir) have generated great interest due to their relatively high transition temperatures, non-Fermi liquid behavior, and their proximity to antiferromagnetic order and quantum critical points. In contrast to small changes with the T-species, electron doping in CeT(In_1-x M_x)_5 with $M$=Sn and hole doping with Cd or Hg have a dramatic effect on the electronic properties at very low concentrations. The present work reports local structure measurements usingthe extended x-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) technique that address the substituent atom distribution as a function of T, M, and x, in the vicinity of the superconducting phase. Together with previous measurements for M=Sn, the proportion of the $M$ atom residing on the In(1) site, f_\textrm In(1), increases in the order M=Cd, Sn, and Hg, ranging from about 40\percent to 70percent, showing a strong preference for each of these substituents to occupy the In(1) site (random occupation = 20percent). In addition, f_In(1) ranges from 70percent to 100percent for M=Hg in the order T=Co,Rh, and Ir. These fractions track the changes in the atomic radii of the various species, and help explain the sharp dependence of $T_c$ on substituting into the In site. However, it is difficult to reconcile the small concentrations of M with the dramatic changes in the ground state in the hole-doped materials with only an impurity scattering model. These results therefore indicate that while such substitutions have interesting local atomic structures with important electronic and magnetic consequences, other local changes in the electronic and magnetic structure are equally important in determining the bulk properties of these materials.
Date: April 22, 2009
Creator: Booth, Corwin H.; Bauer, Eric. D.; Bianchi, Andrea D.; Ronning, Fillip; Thompson, Joe D.; Sarrao, John L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Absence of X-point band overlap in divalent hexaborides and variability of the surface chemical potential

Description: Angle-resolved photoemission measurements of divalent hexaborides reveals a >1 eV X-point gap between the valence and conduction bands, in contradiction to the band overlap assumed in several models of their novel ferromagnetism. While the global ARPES band structure and gap size observed are consistent with the results of bulk-sensitive soft x-ray absorption and emission boron K-edge spectroscopy, the surface-sensitive photoemission measurements also show a variation with cation, surface and time of the position of the surface chemical potential in the band structure.
Date: November 4, 2001
Creator: Denlinger, Jonathan D.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Mo, Sung-Kwan; Allen, James W.; Sarrao, John L.; Bianchi, Adrian D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bulk band gaps in divalent hexaborides

Description: Complementary angle-resolved photoemission and bulk-sensitive k-resolved resonant inelastic x-ray scattering of divalent hexaborides reveal a >1 eV X-point gap between the valence and conduction bands, in contradiction to the band overlap assumed in several models of their novel ferromagnetism. This semiconducting gap implies that carriers detected in transport measurements arise from defects, and the measured location of the bulk Fermi level at the bottom of the conduction band implicates boron vacancies as the origin of the excess electrons. The measured band structure and X-point gap in CaB6 additionally provide a stringent test case for proper inclusion of many-body effects in quasi-particle band calculations.
Date: August 1, 2002
Creator: Denlinger, Jonathan; Clack, Jules A.; Allen, James W.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Poirier, Derek M.; Olson, Cliff G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department