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Nanophotonics of Plasmonic and Two-Dimensional Metamaterials

Description: Various nanostructured materials display unique and interesting optical properties. Specific nanoscale objects discussed in an experimental perspective in this dissertation include optical metamaterials, surface plasmon sensors, and two-dimensional materials. These nanoscale objects were fabricated, investigated optically, and their applications are assessed. First, one-dimensional magnetic gratings were studied, followed by their two-dimensional analog, the so-called "fishnet." Both were fabricated, characterized, and their properties, such as waveguiding modes, are examined. Interestingly, these devices can exhibit optical magnetism and even negative refraction; however, their general characterization at oblique incidence is challenging due to diffraction. Here, a new method of optical characterization of metamaterials which takes into account diffraction is presented. Next, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) was experimentally used in two schemes, for the first time, to determine the transition layer characteristics between a metal and dielectric. The physics of interfaces, namely the singularity of electric permittivity and how it can be electrically shifted, becomes clearer owing to the extreme sensitivity of SPR detection mechanisms. Finally, ultra-thin two-dimensional semiconducting materials had their radiative lifetime analyzed. Their lifetimes are tuned both by number of atomic layers and applied voltage biasing across the surface, and the changes in lifetime are suspected to be due to quenching or enhancement of non-radiative process rates.
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Date: August 2018
Creator: Roccapriore, Kevin M
Partner: UNT Libraries

Nanoimprinted plasmonic nanocavity arrays

Description: This article demonstrates high resonant absorption of visible light with a plasmonic nanocavity chain structure fabricated through resistless nanoimprinting in metal (RNIM).
Date: June 17, 2013
Creator: Kim, Sangsik; Xuan, Yi; Drachev, Vladimir P.; Varghese, Leo T.; Fan, Li; Qi, Minghao et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Waveguide Coupling via Magnetic Gratings with Effective Strips

Description: This article provides an overview of an approach convenient for describing intermediate gratings for two types of applications: both metafilms and the coupling of incident waves to waveguide modes or diffraction orders.
Date: February 20, 2018
Creator: Roccapriore, Kevin M.; Lyvers, David P.; Brown, Dean P.; Poutrina, Ekaterina; Urbas, Augustine M.; Germer, Thomas A. et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Cooperative bi-exponential decay of dye emission coupled via plasmons

Description: This article demonstrates that the relaxation in the sub-radiant system leads to the population of the sub-radiant states by dephasing the super-radiant Dicke states giving rise to the bi-exponential decay in agreement with the experiments.
Date: June 22, 2018
Creator: Lyvers, David P.; Moazzezi, Mojtaba; de Silva, Vashista C.; Brown, Dean P.; Urbas, Augustine M.; Rostovtsev, Yuri V. et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Engineered nonlinear materials using gold nanoantenna array

Description: This article describes the use of a gold nanoantenna array to enhance both the nonlinear refractive index and two-photon absorption (2PA) of the organic dye 4,4'-bis(diphenylamino)stilbene (BDPAS), which is known as a dye with relatively large 2PA.
Date: August 21, 2017
Creator: Drachev, Vladimir P.; Kildishev, Alexander V.; Borneman, Joshua D.; Chen, Kuo-Ping; Shalaev, Vladimir; Yamnitskiy, Konstantin et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences