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Parcperdue Geopressure -- Geothermal Project: Appendices (C--M)

Description: Twelve flow tests were made on the L. R. Sweezy No. 1 well. Short-term tests, Flow Test No.1 through Flow Test No.4 were designed to estimate formation properties and were conducted for drawdown periods measured in hours. Intermediate-term tests, Flow Test No.5 through Flow Test No.8, were for a few days and were designed to test for reservoir boundaries. Long-term tests, Flow Test No.9 through Flow Test No.12, were designed for drawdown periods of about 60 days in order to examine the depletion behavior of the reservoir.
Date: October 5, 1981
Creator: Sweezy, L.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parcperdue Geopressure--Geothermal Project: Appendix B

Description: The reservoir models used to perform the drawdown and buildup pressure analyses consist of analytic forms in lieu of the finite difference or numeric simulator types. Analytic models are derived from solutions of the diffusion equation which relate a pressure response with time and distance in the reservoir for a specified flow system. Solutions of the diffusion equation are obtained through mathematical methods such as Laplace transforms, Fourier transforms, Neuman's product techniques and Green's functions. Before an analytic solution is derived, the diffusivity equation is expressed in terms of dimensionless potential (m{sub D}), dimensionless distance (r{sub D}) and dimensionless time (t{sub D}). For the cylindrical coordinate case, the diffusivity equation in dimensionless form for a geopressured system is given.
Date: October 5, 1981
Creator: Sweezy, L.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Seawater Desalting with Chemical Recovery

Description: From Introduction: "The report describes the studies made on 20mgd desalting plants, a size that was selected based on recovering 3,000 tons per day of salt for feed to a chlorine-caustic plant that would be part of the Energy Center."
Date: January 1971
Creator: Burns and Roe, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Seawater Softening by Ion Exchange as a Saline Water Conversion Pretreatment

Description: From Introduction: "A pilot plant embodying these ideas, in an unusual method of softening, was designed and constructed by the Texas Division of The Dow Chemical Company. Two 4,000 gallon per day vapor compression evaporators were furnished for the testing program bu the Bureau of Yards and Docks of the United States Navy. This report summarizes the results of the testing program."
Date: May 1962
Creator: McIlhenny, W. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Engineering Evaluation of the Long-Tube Vertical Falling-Film Distillation Process

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over engineering studies on the long-tube vertical falling-film distillation process. As stated in the introduction, "it is the objective of this report to study the falling-film distillation and to prepare an engineering evaluation of the process and the design of major items of equipment, with particular emphasis upon improving production and operational reliability and upon reducing product cost" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: February 1965
Creator: Dow Chemical Company
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico Energy Center Study: Volume 1

Description: From introduction: The scope of work of the study was to compile and analyze information on the resources and requirements of the southwestern, southeastern, and north-central coastal regions of the Commonwealth, and assess industrial and agricultural activities which in conjunction with the power and desalting plants, might comprise the energy center complex. The study was also to identify the need for any experimental, pilot or demonstration projects which benefit the practical application of the Energy Center concept in Puerto Rico.
Date: July 1970
Creator: Burns and Roe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico Energy Center Study: Executive Summary

Description: From introduction: The scope of work of the study was to compile and analyze information on the resources and requirements of the southwestern, southeastern, and north-central coastal regions of the Commonwealth, and assess industrial and agricultural activities which in conjunction with the power and desalting plants, might comprise the energy center complex. The study was also to identify the need for any experimental, pilot or demonstration projects which benefit the practical application of the Energy Center concept in Puerto Rico.
Date: July 1970
Creator: Burns and Roe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico Energy Center Study: Site Selection Supplement

Description: From introduction: The PRWRA has contracted with the AEC to study the application of an Energy Center in Puerto Rico. The authority in turn has retained Burns and Roe, Inc. as a subcontractor and the Dow Chemical Company as a major sub-subcontractor to carry out this study.
Date: July 1970
Creator: Burns and Roe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Puerto Rico Energy Center Study: Executive Study

Description: From background: The study is an outgrowth of investigations by the Atomic Energy Commission and the Office of Saline Water into the use of nuclear energy to supply heat for desalting seawater and for generating electricity, and of work on the energy center concept conducted at the AEC's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The bases for the study were set forth in a Memorandum of Understanding signed by Commissioner James T. Ramey of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, Under Secretary David S. Black of the United States Department of the Interior, Acting Executive Director Fernando Torrent of the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority, and Executive Director Orlando Gonzalez of the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority.
Date: July 1970
Creator: Burns and Roe, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intake Systems for Desalting Plants

Description: From Forward: "This is one of a continuing series of reports designed to present accounts of progress in saline water conversion and the economics of its application. Such data are expected to contribute to the long-range development of economical processes applicable to low-cost demineralization of sea and other saline water."
Date: April 1971
Creator: Shepherd, B. P.; LeGros, P. G.; Williams, J. C.; Mangum, Dorothea C.; McIlhenny, W. F. & McIlhenny, W. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sea Water Corrosion Test Program

Description: From Introduction: "The first demonstration plant sponsored by the Office of Saline Water was located in Freeport, Texas, and came 'on stream" in 1961. The incoming sea water was deaerated since both Speller (6) and Uhlig (7) recognized that dissolved oxygen was usually the controlling factor in the corrosion of iron stream condensate at temperatures even as high 400 degrees F. The water was acidified prior to daeration with H2SO4 to decompose the carbonates which subsequently would cause scale when the water was heated. After the carbonates were removed, the pH was raised to the neutral point, again to provide a less corrosive environment."
Date: March 1969
Creator: Behrens, H. C.; Martin, F. D.; Osborn, O.; Rice, L.; Russell, W. B.; Schreiber, C. F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploration of new multivariate spectral calibration algorithms.

Description: A variety of multivariate calibration algorithms for quantitative spectral analyses were investigated and compared, and new algorithms were developed in the course of this Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. We were able to demonstrate the ability of the hybrid classical least squares/partial least squares (CLSIPLS) calibration algorithms to maintain calibrations in the presence of spectrometer drift and to transfer calibrations between spectrometers from the same or different manufacturers. These methods were found to be as good or better in prediction ability as the commonly used partial least squares (PLS) method. We also present the theory for an entirely new class of algorithms labeled augmented classical least squares (ACLS) methods. New factor selection methods are developed and described for the ACLS algorithms. These factor selection methods are demonstrated using near-infrared spectra collected from a system of dilute aqueous solutions. The ACLS algorithm is also shown to provide improved ease of use and better prediction ability than PLS when transferring calibrations between near-infrared calibrations from the same manufacturer. Finally, simulations incorporating either ideal or realistic errors in the spectra were used to compare the prediction abilities of the new ACLS algorithm with that of PLS. We found that in the presence of realistic errors with non-uniform spectral error variance across spectral channels or with spectral errors correlated between frequency channels, ACLS methods generally out-performed the more commonly used PLS method. These results demonstrate the need for realistic error structure in simulations when the prediction abilities of various algorithms are compared. The combination of equal or superior prediction ability and the ease of use of the ACLS algorithms make the new ACLS methods the preferred algorithms to use for multivariate spectral calibrations.
Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Van Benthem, Mark Hilary; Haaland, David Michael; Melgaard, David Kennett; Martin, Laura Elizabeth; Wehlburg, Christine Marie; Pell, Randy J. (The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Study of the Disposal of the Effluent From a Large Desalination Plant

Description: From Introduction and Summary and Conclusions: "The disposal of the effluents from large desalination plants has been studied for two years by the Dow Chemical Company and Texas A. & M. University under contract to the Office of Saline Water. Recommendations are presented on the type, frequency, and intensity of pre-plant oceanographic and biological surveys and of post-plant monitoring and verification surveys."
Date: January 1968
Creator: Le Gros, P. G.; Mandelli, E. F.; McIlhenny, W. F.; Winthrode, D. E.; Zeitoun, M. A.; Pequegnat, W. E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department