Description: One of the current priorities within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex is the stabilization, packaging and storage of plutonium-bearing materials. The packaging is key to the safe long-term handling and storage of these materials. Packaging consists of placing the stabilized materials into a set of two nested stainless steel containers. Each container is seal-welded, providing double containment of the plutonium materials. The outer container is designated as the primary barrier to the release of the materials to the environment. An initial, full scope diagnostic analysis of the equipment, welding materials / consumables and process conditions identified the primary cause of the porosity to be related to geometry at the root of the weld joint preparation. A volume of gas is trapped between the advancing weld puddle and the start of the weld, at weld tie-in, and incorporated into the weld during puddle solidification. Figure 5 illustrates the basic geometric conditions contributing to the porosity. This paper describes the efforts to analyze and understand / quantify the interaction between the weld-joint geometry and formation of porosity.
Date: November 26, 2002
Creator: Daugherty, W.L.
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