2 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Laboratory and field studies related to the radionuclide migration project. Progress report, October 1, 1980-September 30, 1981

Description: FY 1981 laboratory and field studies related to the Radionuclide Migration project are described. Results are presented for radiochemical analyses of water samples collected from the RNM-1 well and the RNM-2S satellite well at the Cambric site. Data are included for tritium, {sup 85}Kr, {sup 129}I, and {sup 36}Cl. The maximum-concentration tritium, peak appears to have arrived at RNM-2S near the end of FY-1981. Laboratory studies emphasize the sorptive behavior of alluvium and tuff and its dependence on mineralogy. Results from batch measurements and crushed-rock and whole-core column studies are presented.
Date: February 1, 1982
Creator: Daniels, W.R. (comp.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laboratory studies of radionuclide distributions between selected groundwaters and geologic media. Progress report, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980

Description: During FY-1980, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory contributions to the Waste/Rock Interactions Technology program were primarily in the areas of migration-rate studies using crushed rock, whole core, and fractured core columns; parametric studies of variables which may influence radionuclide sorption-desorption behavior; and initial studies of actinide chemistry in near-neutral solutions and Eh control. Batch experiments in both air and a controlled atmosphere (nitrogen, less than or equal to 0.2 ppM oxygen, less than or equal to 20 ppM carbon dioxide) for the sorption of several radionuclides on granite and argillite were completed. These data also provided informaton on the effects of other parameters, such as particle size and contact time. All nine elements studied had different sorption ratios for argillite when measured under the controlled atmosphere than when measured in air, except possibly for americium where any effect was smaller than the standard deviations. As expected, strontium, cesium, and barium are least affected by the presence or absence of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Columns of crushed rock and solid and cracked cores were used to study the migration of radionuclides through such materials. In general, sorption ratios measured by batch techniques are 2 to 3 times greater than those for columns; however, a wide variation in behavior was observed, depending upon the element and the mineralogy. Work has begun on a system wherein traced groundwater is circulated through a crushed rock column; this should provide a link between the usual, single-pass, crushed rock columns and the batch experiments. Materials characterization has continued, and techniques for the determination of Fe(II) in silicate rocks and groundwater have been made operational. Work on the fundamental solution chemistry of the actinides has been started.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Daniels, W.R. (comp.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department