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The Age Discrimination in Employment Act and Disparate Impact Claims: An Analysis of the Supreme Court’s Ruling in Smith v. City of Jackson

Description: This report discusses Smith v. City of Jackson, a recent case in which the Supreme Court held that workers may sue employers under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) for workplace policies that have an adverse impact on older employees, even if the discriminatory effects are not intentional.
Date: June 20, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V. & Feder, Jody
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Affirmative Action: Justice O'Connor's Opinions

Description: This report briefly surveys decisions of retiring Justice Sandra Day O'Connor in affirmative action cases, an area where her opinions have frequently determined the outcome. An examination of Justice O'Connor's opinions reveals a gradual shift in perspective regarding the legal and constitutional standards to be applied in evaluating governmental affirmative action efforts, and the manner of their application in various legal and factual settings.
Date: July 19, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Affirmative Action and Diversity in Public Education — Legal Developments

Description: The first part of this report briefly reviews the judicial evolution of race-based affirmative action, particularly in relation to public education. Recent rulings challenging the use of racial admissions and hiring practices by public educational institutions are then considered for their implications on the future development of affirmative action law.
Date: April 26, 2006
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus

Description: Affirmative action remains a focal point of public debate as the result of legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. This report discusses legislation related to affirmative action, as well as legal rulings on the topic and the federal government's role in first establishing and, later, attempting to curb affirmative action policies.
Date: September 30, 2002
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Affirmative Action in Employment: A Legal Overview

Description: This report covers the legal history of affirmative action legislation in regard to employment. Moreover, the report tracks this type of legislation to the Civil Rights movement of the 1960's. Specifically, much of this legislation stems from desegregation of public schools and even more specifically in regards to employment to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Governmental Drug Testing Programs: Legal and Constitutional Developments

Description: This report provides a brief overview of federal drug-free workplace programs presently in effect. It also examines the state of constitutional law on the subject of governmentally mandated drug-testing in employment, for social welfare eligibility, and of students in the public schools.
Date: November 20, 2002
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Description: This report provides a legal overview of the civil rights opinions of U.S. Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito. Judge Alito has written for the majority, concurred, or dissented in several cases alleging discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, and other prohibited grounds.
Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Affirmative Action and Diversity in Public Education — Legal Developments

Description: The first part of this report briefly reviews the judicial evolution of race-based affirmative action, particularly in relation to public education. Recent rulings challenging the use of racial admissions and hiring practices by public educational institutions are then considered for their implications on the future development of affirmative action law.
Date: July 22, 2003
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Supreme Court and Exclusionary Zoning: Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp.

Description: This report is an outline of arguments heard by the Supreme Court concerning local zoning and land use policies that restricted the development of low and moderate income housing, and, by extension, equal housing for racial minorities.
Date: December 14, 1976
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress

Description: The term "pay equity" originates from the fact that women as a group are paid less than men. In 2000, for example, women with a strong commitment to the work force earned 76 cents for every dollar earned by men. As women's earnings as a percentage of men's earnings have narrowed by just 12 percentage points over the past four decades (from about 60% in the 1960s and 1970s to more than 70% in the 1990s), some members of the public policy community have argued that current anti-discrimination law… more
Date: March 26, 2001
Creator: Dale, Charles V. & Levine, Linda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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