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Spectra of highly ionized atoms of tokamak interest

Description: The general nature of the change in energy level structures along an isoelectronic sequence is reviewed, with particular emphasis on relativistic effects and changes in coupling conditions. The accuracy of computed wavelengths is checked by comparison with experimental data on inner-shell (x-ray) transitions in singly ionized atoms. Relativistic effects can be extremely important for ..delta..n = 0 transitions, but are taken into account fairly accurately by the approximate relativistic methods used. Computed ionization energies are given for important ions of Cr, Fe, Ni, Kr, Mo, Xe, W, and Au. Computed wavelengths and oscillator strengths are given for resonance lines of most of these elements in the simple isoelectronic sequences of neutral Li, Be, Na, Mg, K, Ni, Cu, and Zn, and more detailed electric- and magnetic-dipole spectra are given for ions of greatest importance.
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Cowan, R. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A quantum correction of the statistical model of the atom was obtained by modifying March and Plaskett's region of integration in the (n/sub r/,l), or quantum-number, plane. Integrations over the plane lead, in the unmodified case, to the Thomas-Fermi density expression and energy equation. Integrations over the modified region are here shown to produce a modified Thomas-Fermi expression for the electron density, and a correction to the kinetic energy. The latter correction shows a similarity to the Weizsacker correction, but is smaller by a slowly changing factor of the order of 10. A modified Thomas-Fermi-Dirac equation was derived by the standard variational procedure. Numerical solutions of the equation were obtained, yielding atomic binding energies in much better agreement with experimental values than those of the unmodified theory. (auth)
Date: October 1, 1963
Creator: Barnes, J.F. & Cowan, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Debye-Huckel, Thomas-Fermi Theory of Plasmas and Liquid Metals: Numerical Solution

Description: A Debye-Huckel-type theory is described for an assembly of completely ionized atoms, the nuclei being treated classically and the electrons by the Thomas-Fermi method. The thermodynamic functions are derived by considering the Debye chnrging process, and the virial theorem is shown to hold. Numerical results are given for hydrogen and iron near normal solid densities, and are probably accurate only at high temperatures (kT > 5 ev for hydrogen and kT> 100 ev for iron). (auth)
Date: January 1, 1957
Creator: Cowan, R. D. & Kirkwood, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User's guide to program RCN. [Set of 3 FORTRAN IV programs, RCN29, HFMOD7, and RCN229, for SCF calculations of radial wave functions; for CDC 7600 computer]

Description: This is a set of three Fortran IV programs, RCN29, HFMOD7, and RCN229, based on the Herman--Skillman and Charlotte Froese Fischer programs, with extensive modifications and additions. The programs compute self-consistent-field radial wave functions and the various radial integrals involved in the computation of atomic energy levels and spectra.
Date: June 1, 1976
Creator: Cowan, R. D.; Rajnak, K. & Renard, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mayer-Fermi theory and the long sequences in the periodic table

Description: Changes in the radial wave functions for d electrons which occur preceding the onset of the transition series of elements and for f electrons preceding the onset of the lanthanide and actinide series are examined. The sensitivity of the radial wave functions to variations in the effective potential is discussed, and the large variation in the radial wave functions between the LS terms of certain types of excited configurations in these regions of the periodic system is analyzed. Several examples of electron-impact ionization are explained by analyzing the effective potentials for the excited electrons in the intermediate autoionizing states. 46 refs., 18 figs. (WRF)
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Griffin, D.C.; Cowan, R.D. & Pindzola, M.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical atomic physics code development I: CATS: Cowan Atomic Structure Code

Description: An adaptation of R.D. Cowan's Atomic Structure program, CATS, has been developed as part of the Theoretical Atomic Physics (TAPS) code development effort at Los Alamos. CATS has been designed to be easy to run and to produce data files that can interface with other programs easily. The CATS produced data files currently include wave functions, energy levels, oscillator strengths, plane-wave-Born electron-ion collision strengths, photoionization cross sections, and a variety of other quantities. This paper describes the use of CATS. 10 refs.
Date: December 1, 1988
Creator: Abdallah, J. Jr.; Clark, R.E.H. & Cowan, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculated power output from a thin iron-seeded plasma

Description: Ionization equilibrium calculations are carried out for iron ions at a density of 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ in a (hydrogen) plasma with electron density 10/sup 14/ cm/sup -3/, at temperatures from 0.8 to 10 keV. The computed radiated power loss from this plasma due to the iron ions ranges from about 4 W/cm/sup 3/ at the lowest temperature to about 0.4 W/cm/sup 3/ at the highest temperature; loss rates for other electron and ion densities will scale approximately as N/sub e/N/sub Fe/10/sup 26/. The losses are due principally to collisionally excited line radiation (especially ..delta..n = 0 transitions) at low temperatures, and to collisionally excited ..delta..n not equal to 0 transitions and to continuum radiative recombination at high temperatures. Spectra are also computed for diagnostic x-ray K/sub ..cap alpha../ (1s - 2p) transitions; the change in spectral distribution as a function of temperature agrees well with observations in the ST Tokamak. Bound-bound radiative transitions and dielectronic recombination are discussed at length in appendices; the latter process is of great importance in the establishment of ionization equilibrium, and in the excitation of K/sub ..cap alpha../ radiation at the lower temperatures.
Date: February 1, 1976
Creator: Merts, A. L.; Cowan, R. D. & Magee, N. H. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical Atomic Physics code development II: ACE: Another collisional excitation code

Description: A new computer code for calculating collisional excitation data (collision strengths or cross sections) using a variety of models is described. The code uses data generated by the Cowan Atomic Structure code or CATS for the atomic structure. Collisional data are placed on a random access file and can be displayed in a variety of formats using the Theoretical Atomic Physics Code or TAPS. All of these codes are part of the Theoretical Atomic Physics code development effort at Los Alamos. 15 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.
Date: December 1, 1988
Creator: Clark, R.E.H.; Abdallah, J. Jr.; Csanak, G.; Mann, J.B. & Cowan, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Observations of giant recombination edges on PLT tokamak induced by particle transport

Description: Characteristic steps in the continum spectrum of high temperature tokamak plasmas associated with recombination radiation from impurity ions were observed. During special argon-seeded discharges on the Princeton Large Torus (PLT) tokamak the x-ray spectrum exhibited large enhancements over the bremsstrahlung continuum beginning with energies of 4.1 keV. This corresponds to the radiative capture of free electrons by hydrogen-like argon into the ground state of helium-like argon. A simple particle diffusion model is proposed, with the Ar XVIII radial profiles evaluated from the size of the recombination edges. For the case of moderate density (< n/sub e/ > approx. 3 x 10/sup 13/ cm/sup -3/) and temperature (T/sub e/(0) approx. 1.5 keV) discharges the outward radial transport velocity is found to be approximately 10 m/sec.
Date: March 1, 1980
Creator: Brau, K.; von Goeler, S.; Bitter, M.; Cowan, R.D.; Eames, D.; Hill, K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department