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Experiment data report for Semiscale Mod-1 Test S-28-1 (steam generator tube rupture test series)

Description: Recorded test data are presented for Test S-28-1 of the Semiscale Mod-1 steam generator tube rupture test series. These tests are among several Semiscale Mod-1 experiments conducted to investigate the thermal and hydraulic phenomena accompanying a hypothesized loss-of-coolant accident in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) system. Test S-28-1 was conducted from initial conditions of 15 767 kPa and 557 K to investigate the response of the Semiscale Mod-1 system to a depressurization and reflood transient following a simulated double-ended offset shear of the broken loop cold leg piping. During the test, cooling water was injected into the cold leg of the intact and broken loops to simulate emergency core coolant injection in a PWR. Sixty steam generator tube ruptures were simulated by a controlled injection from a heated accumulator into the intact loop hot leg.
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Collins, B.L.; Coppin, C.E. & Sackett, K.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Los Alamos National Laboratory's high-performance data system

Description: Los Alamos National Laboratory is designing a High-Performance Data System (HPDS) that will provide storage for supercomputers requiring large files and fast transfer speeds. The HPDS will meet the performance requirements by managing data transfers from high-speed storage systems connected directly to a high-speed network. File and storage management software will be distributed in workstations. Network protocols will ensure reliable, wide-area network data delivery to support long-distance distributed processing. 3 refs., 2 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Mercier, C.; Chorn, G.; Christman, R. & Collins, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiment data report for Semiscale Mod-1 Tests S-28-7, S-28-9, and S-28-12. [PWR]

Description: Recorded test data are presented for Tests S-28-7, S-28-9, and S-28-12 of the Semiscale Mod-1 steam generator tube rupture test series. These tests are among several Semiscale Mod-1 experiments conducted to investigate the thermal and hydraulic phenomena accompanying a hypothesized loss-of-coolant accident in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) system. Tests S-28-7, S-28-9, and S-28-12 were conducted from initial conditions of 15 736 kPa and 557 K, 15 754 kPa and 556 K, and 15 704 kPa and 559 K, respectively, to investigate the response of the Semiscale Mod-1 system to a depressurization and reflood transient following a simulated double-ended offset shear of the broken loop cold leg piping. The specific objective of these tests was to refine the definition of the upper limit of steam generator tube ruptures at which high peak cladding temperatures occur, as set by Test S-28-1. During these tests, cooling water was injected into the cold leg of the intact and broken loops to simulate emergency core coolant in a PWR. Thirty (Test S-28-7), 34 (Test S-28-9), and 20 (Test S-28-12) steam generator tube ruptures were simulated by a controlled injection from a heated accmulator into the intact loop hot leg.
Date: February 1, 1978
Creator: Esparza, V.; Collins, B.L.; Sackett, K.E. & Coppin, C.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Energy Savings in Residential Oil-Fired Heating Systems in the United States

Description: Report issued by the National Bureau of Standards over studies conducted on the potential energy savings of residential heating systems. The results of oil-fired heating systems are discussed. This report includes tables, graphs, and illustrations.
Date: December 1984
Creator: Kelly, George E.; Didion, David A.; Quigley, D. & Collins, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction of Nonlinear Properties Into Hierachical Models of Nb3Sn Strands

Description: The development of computational models representing Rutherford cable formation and deformation is necessary to investigate the strain state in the superconducting filaments in Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets. The wide variety of length scales within accelerator magnets suggests usage of a hierarchical structure within the model. As part of an ongoing investigation at LBNL, a three-dimensional simplified nonlinear multiscale model is developed as a way to extend previous linear elastic versions. The inclusion of plasticity models into the problem formulation allows an improved representation of strand behavior compared to the linear elastic model. This formulation is applied to a single Nb{sub 3}Sn strand to find its effective properties as well as the strain state in the conductor under loading.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Collins, B.; Krishnan, J.; Arbelaez, D.; Ferracin, P.; Prestemon, S. O.; Godeke, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pulse-by-pulse energy measurement at the Stanford Linear Collider

Description: The stanford Linear Collider (SLC) collides a beam of electrons and positrons at 92 GeV. It is the first colliding linac, and produces Z{sup 0} particles for High-Energy Physics measurements. The energy of each beam must be measured to one part in 10{sup 4} on every collision (120 Hz). An Energy Spectrometer in each beam line after collision produces two stripes of high-energy synchrotron radiation with critical energy of a few MeV. The distance between these two stripes at an imaging plane measures the beam energy. The Wire- Imaging Synchrotron Radiation Detector (WISRD) system comprises a novel detector, data acquisition electronics, readout and analysis. The detector comprises an array of wires for each synchrotron stripe. The electronics measure secondary emission charge on each wire of each array. A Macintosh II (using THINK C, THINK Class Library) and DSP coprocessor (using ANSI C) acquire and analyze the data, and display and report the results for SLC operation.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Blaylock, G. (California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States)); Briggs, D.; Collins, B. & Petree, M. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NUCLEAR MATERIAL ATTRACTIVENESS: AN ASSESSMENT OF MATERIAL FROM PHWR'S IN A CLOSED THORIUM FUEL CYCLE

Description: This paper examines the attractiveness of material mixtures containing special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with reprocessing and the thorium-based LWR fuel cycle. This paper expands upon the results from earlier studies that examined the attractiveness of SNM associated with the reprocessing of spent light water reactor (LWR) fuel by various reprocessing schemes and the recycle of plutonium as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel in LWR. This study shows that {sup 233}U that is produced in thorium-based fuel cycles is very attractive for weapons use. Consistent with other studies, these results also show that all fuel cycles examined to date need to be rigorously safeguarded and provided moderate to high levels of physical protection. These studies were performed at the request of the United States Department of Energy (DOE), and are based on the calculation of 'attractiveness levels' that has been couched in terms chosen for consistency with those normally used for nuclear materials in DOE nuclear facilities. The methodology and key findings will be presented.
Date: April 26, 2010
Creator: Sleaford, B W; Collins, B A; Ebbinghaus, B B; Bathke, C G; Prichard, A W; Wallace, R K et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Global Atmospheric Environment for the Next Generation

Description: Air quality, ecosystem exposure to nitrogen deposition, and climate change are intimately coupled problems: we assess changes in the global atmospheric environment between 2000 and 2030 using twenty-five state-of-the-art global atmospheric chemistry models and three different emissions scenarios. The first (CLE) scenario reflects implementation of current air quality legislation around the world, whilst the second (MFR) represents a more optimistic case in which all currently feasible technologies are applied to achieve maximum emission reductions. We contrast these scenarios with the more pessimistic IPCC SRES A2 scenario. Ensemble simulations for the year 2000 are consistent among models, and show a reasonable agreement with surface ozone, wet deposition and NO{sub 2} satellite observations. Large parts of the world are currently exposed to high ozone concentrations, and high depositions of nitrogen to ecosystems. By 2030, global surface ozone is calculated to increase globally by 1.5 {+-} 1.2 ppbv (CLE), and 4.3 {+-} 2.2 ppbv (A2). Only the progressive MFR scenario will reduce ozone by -2.3 {+-} 1.1 ppbv. The CLE and A2 scenarios project further increases in nitrogen critical loads, with particularly large impacts in Asia where nitrogen emissions and deposition are forecast to increase by a factor of 1.4 (CLE) to 2 (A2). Climate change may modify surface ozone by -0.8 {+-} 0.6 ppbv, with larger decreases over sea than over land. This study shows the importance of enforcing current worldwide air quality legislation, and the major benefits of going further. Non-attainment of these air quality policy objectives, such as expressed by the SRES-A2 scenario, would further degrade the global atmospheric environment.
Date: December 7, 2005
Creator: Dentener, F; Stevenson, D; Ellingsen, K; van Joije, T; Schultz, M; Amann, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department