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Banking and Economic Growth in India

Description: This paper discusses the attempt to achieve balanced economic growth in India. The process is viewed as a transition of society from a traditional stage to one characterized by industrialization and economic growth, and which involves major economic, social and political changes. It specifically deals with the Indian banking system and its structural development since independence as a means to hasten economic growth. These changes in the banking system, through social control, and eventually nationalization of the major commercial banks in India,, illustrate the increasing role of the State in gearing the banking sector towards meeting the goals of national economic planning. The above events are related to the struggle between the moderates and those who advocate a more socialist approach to solving the economic and social problems in India.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Anthraper, Alphiene
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Place of Special Drawing Rights in World Monetary Reform

Description: The purpose of this study is to account for the forces that led to the creation of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), to examine the operation of the Special Drawing Account, to account for the developments inducing monetary reform, and to arrive at conclusions concerning the future of SDRs in the international financial system.
Date: August 1973
Creator: Russell, Randall Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries

Institutional Characteristics as Expressed in Selected Writings of Thomas Robert Malthus

Description: This investigation is concerned primarily with describing some characteristics of the institutionalist school of economic theory and then relating these characteristics to the writings of Thomas Robert Malthus. Thus in the course of this thesis two distinct sections are developed: one describing what are felt to be the outstanding characteristics of institutionalism and the second relating these characteristics directly to Malthus.
Date: August 1971
Creator: MacDowell, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Determinants of Income and Income Differentials between Blacks and Whites in the South

Description: The problem with which this study is concerned is that of discrimination. Data from the United States Bureau of the Census is used to approach the problem through the concept of economic discrimination. This study has two purposes. First, it tests the hypothesis that blacks in the South have been subjected to significant economic discrimination, and, in turn, to give quantitative estimates of its magnitude if the hypothesis is accepted. The secondary purpose is to make a comparison of the relative importance of the independent variables for blacks and whites.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Burnim, Mickey L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Consumer Protection in Texas

Description: In the study, as a whole, the purpose is to present the major laws for consumer protection in Texas in the existing economy and determine the extent to which they meet consumer protection standards and where they fail to meet such standards.
Date: May 1965
Creator: Mangum, James N.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparative Study of the Theory of Distributive Justice: John Bates Clark and C. E. Ayres

Description: The purpose of the present thesis, then, is to find answers to the following specific set of questions: According to Clark and Ayres, a) On what basis should the income of society be distributed? b) Are the conditions under which this goal may be achieved those which actually prevail at the present time? c) If not, what action must be taken to assure that they will prevail in the future?
Date: January 1969
Creator: Smith, G. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Employment Act of 1946: Original Intent Versus Current Interpretation, The Forces Underlying the Modification and the Implications thereof

Description: There appears to be a vacillation from the original intent of the Employment Act of 1946. It was originally intended to serve as a tool whereby the smoothing and the easing of cyclical fluctuations of the business cycle could be facilitated. It now seems as though this tool has become one which is being used to correct those structural weaknesses which exist in the economy.
Date: January 1962
Creator: Reasoner, Harrell Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries

A General Economic Study of Patterns of Government Expenditures in Thailand

Description: An analysis of Thai government expenditures demonstrates that they expanded rapidly between 1900 and 1969, due primarily to rising prices and the extension of government functions, particularly during the post-war period. In contrast, the war effect had little influence on the growth of expenditures. During the period under study, Thai government expenditures were devoted largely to general, social, and economic services, with emphasis on transportation and communication, defense, agriculture, and education. Current expenditures (for defense, education, etc.) represented a higher percentage of total government expenditures than did capital expenditures (for public construction, social services, etc.). In general, the case of Thailand indicates that levels of government expenditure were higher in conjunction with greater emphasis on economic and social development.
Date: August 1984
Creator: Chandraprasert, Poch
Partner: UNT Libraries

OPEC: A Sustained Cartel?

Description: The problem with which this paper is concerned is that of examining some ideas and predictions of some American economists about the survival of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). This paper is divided into three parts; the first part includes the introduction, examines the importance of oil, and analyzes the history of the oil industry. This part is composed of Chapters I and II. Part two examines OPEC's formation and objectives and the cartel theory with concentration on OPEC. This part is composed of Chapters III and IV. Part three analyzes some economists' ideas regarding OPEC survival. It examines the economic and political realities of OPEC during the last two decades and discusses its present problems. This paper concludes that OPEC is a strong and sustained cartel.
Date: May 1984
Creator: Zaher, Ghazi
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Chilean Experience, 1970-1981

Description: The election of a coalition of socialists and communists in 1970 and three years later, the assumption of a military government have led to much controversy around the world. This study attempts to analyze the economic conditions prevailing in Chile from 1970 to 1981. It examines the gradual deterioration of the nation's economy under the Unidad Popular government and the recovery that has taken place with the Junta Militar de Gobierno. The implementation of a market system in 1973 has been effective in bringing the nation out of economic chaos. The balance of payments is under control, inflation has been reduced, and since 1977 the nation's GNP has had an average annual growth of 7.7 per cent.
Date: August 1981
Creator: Mackenna, Leslie R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Marijuana and Crime: A Critique and Proposal

Description: Of the plethora of social problems with which government has had to contend in recent history, few have generated more controversy than the non-therapeutic use of drugs. Many of those which are currently in common use did not exist fifty years ago; but the most dramatic growth in non-therapeutic use has been experienced with a drug that man has known for centuries: marijuana.1 Known generically as Cannabis sativa, internationally as Indian hemp, popularly as marijuana, and in American slang as "pot" or "grass," the drug was introduced to the United States as an intoxicant by itinerate Mexican farm workers in the early decades of this century. The acknowledged use of marijuana in the ghettos and communities of ethnic minorities for several decades stimulated no public outcry with the exception of the sensational press campaigns which led to the passage of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937.
Date: December 1973
Creator: Jones, Urban Lynn
Partner: UNT Libraries

Congressional Legislation as a Remedy to Prevent Communist Influence of Labor Unions and Union Officials

Description: The United States and other nations of the free world are presently engaged in a life and death struggle. This conflict is between democracy and Communism--freedom versus slavery. In the classical definition of war, opponents and battlefields were readily defined, but in this "Cold War" conventional arms are only a part of the over-all battle plan. The persistent effort of the Communists to infiltrate and dominate the American labor movement is one of these battlefields. Domination and control of labor unions has been a primary goal of the Communist Party in the United States. In recent years, the power of organized labor has demonstrated its strength throughout our national economy. Labor organizations have the power to create, in this country, a state of national emergency. The problem is how this power can be controlled and protected for the American worker.
Date: January 1963
Creator: Doss, Cecil B.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Instrumental Theories of John Dewey and Clarence Ayres

Description: The purpose of this analysis is to explain the instrumental theories of Dewey and Ayres; their analysis of societal problems and the proposed solutions; and finally their perception of the future direction of society. Dewey and Ayres both utilized the instrumental theory of value to analyze problems and propose solutions. According to this theory, something has value if it enhances or furthers the life process of mankind. Therefore, this should become the criterion to be utilized in determining the future courses of action. They both agree that policy decisions should be made with at least one goal in mind: progress.
Date: August 1981
Creator: Ellis, Barbara Bridges
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Past, Present, and Future of Income Bonds

Description: Why has the once fallen star of income bonds started to rise after spending over seventy years below the financial horizon? Is it because income bonds provide many of the advantages of debt financing with the non-fixed payments feature of equity financing? Could it be caused by the high yields they carry considering the risk involved? Is it the result of the large tax savings created in many cases? All of these questions are important. Eighteen years ago income bonds were one of the least respected and most disliked types of securities that a company could issue. Today they have a limited but growing use and an ever increasing acceptance. This study is an attempt to determine and give reasons for the development and use of income bonds in the past, present, and future. It traces the development of income bonds, explains the advantages and disadvantages associated with them, and prognosticates about their future.
Date: June 1966
Creator: Vesecky, Stephen Fenwick
Partner: UNT Libraries

Project Redeployment: A Financial Innovation, a Case Study of LTV

Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the aspects of redeployment in general terms, and then to present a case study of a specific redeployment program to analyze its effectiveness as a corporate financial tool. The first four chapters discuss the general and financial definitions of redeployment, as well as the objectives, benefits, and alternate methods of the operational asset form of redeployment. The specific redeployment program analyzed is the case study of Ling-Temco-Vought's use of the operational asset form of redeployment. The purpose of the case study was to determine if Ling-Temco--Vought achieved their stated objectives. An analysis of these objectives shows that redeployment was a success.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Ling, Robert Van
Partner: UNT Libraries

Adam Smith Revisited

Description: This study represents an interpretation of Adam Smith's attitude toward a commercial society based upon natural liberty. In developing the thesis that the two works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments and Wealth of Nations, are logically consistent, it is necessary to establish the reason of reasons why Adam Smith embraced a commercial society based upon the "obvious and simple system of natural liberty." It will be established that he embraced such as system because it allowed the maximum accumulation of capital, which is the manifestation of being truly virtuous as developed in his Moral Sentiments. To go one step further, it will be seen that, so far as Smith is concerned, it is the rising bourgeoisie, the manufacturers and artificers, which is truly virtuous, i.e., accumulates capital.
Date: January 1967
Creator: Roden, Peyton Foster
Partner: UNT Libraries

Segment Definition for Financial Reporting by Diversified Firms

Description: Both revenues and earnings of diversified firms are increasingly being reported, to the government and the public, on a subentity basis. Adequate criterial foundations do not exist to permit the effective general prescription of specific segment delineations, nor is it known whether such criterial assists can be usefully developed.Demands for segmentation in financial reports are currently intense. Actual reporting practices are largely nonstandardized as to either the definition of segments employed or, the disclosure modes used to present them. Neither conceptual nor theoretical supports are now adequate in guidance to the forms and levels of segmentation activity now required. Prerequisite to effective development of such supports is an-adequate understanding of the corporate diversification phenomenon itself. This dissertation project investigates and analyzes the nature of corporate diversification, as manifested in (1) its historical evolution; (2) general comprehensions of the phenomenon, as evidenced in published opinions and conceptual reasoning schemes of both authoritative experts and lay investors; and (3) formal research by others. Additionally, the results of these investigations and analyses are developed into conceptual schemes and theoretical frameworks, at moderate levels of abstraction.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Bostrom, Donald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Changing Role of Planning in Commercial Banks: The Computer and Management Science

Description: This dissertation examines the relationship between computer technology and management science and changes in the role of profit planning within the commercial banking system of the U.S.A. The objective of the study is to develop a generalized profit-planning model which employs the existing decision processes to create pro-forma financial statements for a commercial bank. The study concentrated on the 300 largest commercial banks (ranked by deposits as of December 31, 1969) of the Federal Reserve System. These particular banks held the greatest potential for having a Planning Department, the computing capability necessary for problem solving, and a Management Science Department actively employing management science techniques to profit-planning problems. The research for the dissertation included an in-depth study of secondary sources, an interrogation of commercial bank executives and a detailed questionnaire which was submitted to each of the 300 largest banks. Sponsorship for the Financial Planning Questionnaire was obtained from the Southwestern Graduate School of Banking at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas. The sponsorship helped obtain a large sample return (in excess of 50.0 percent) and thereby increased the statistical reliability of the results of the study.
Date: August 1971
Creator: Colin, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries