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Laser Electron Gamma Source Facility Biennial Progress Report, June 1992

Description: This report briefly discusses the Laser Electron Gamma Source facility and the following experiments conducted here: polarization in D(gamma, p)n and N-N tensor forces for energies less than 225 Mev; constraints on the nuclear tensor force from D(gamma, p)n for energies less than 315 Mev; the p(gamma, neutral pion) reaction and the E2 excitation of delta resonance; quasi-two- and three-body absorption in helium 3(gamma, N-N); and the delta-nucleon interaction in D(gamma,p-negative pion)p and D(gamma, p-n)neutral pions. (LSP).
Date: August 1, 1992
Creator: Caracappa, A.; Kuczewski, A.; Kistner, O. C.; Lincoln, F.; Hoblit, S. & Whisnant, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sum rule measurements of the spin-dependent compton amplitude (nucleon spin structure at Q{sup 2} = 0)

Description: Energy weighted integrals of the difference in helicity-dependent photo-production cross sections ({sigma}{sub {1/2}} - {sigma}{sub 3/2}) provide information on the nucleon`s Spin-dependent Polarizability ({gamma}), and on the spin-dependent part of the asymptotic forward Compton amplitude through the Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov (DHG) sum rule. (The latter forms the Q{sup 2}=0 limit of recent spin-asymmetry experiments in deep-inelastic lepton-scattering.) There are no direct measurements of {sigma}{sub {1/2}} or {sigma}{sub 3/2}, for either the proton or the neutron. Estimates from current {pi}-photo-production multipole analyses, particularly for the proton-neutron difference, are in good agreement with relativistic-l-loop Chiral calculations ({chi}PT) for {gamma} but predict large deviations from the DHG sum rule. Either (a) both the 2-loop corrections to the Spin-Polarizability are large and the existing multipoles are wrong, or (b) modifications to the Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov sum rule are required to fully describe the isospin structure of the nucleon. The helicity-dependent photo-reaction amplitudes, for both the proton and the neutron, will be measured at LEGS from pion-threshold to 470 MeV. In these double-polarization experiments, circularly polarized photons from LEGS will be used with SPHICE, a new frozen-spin target consisting of {rvec H} {center_dot} {rvec D} in the solid phase. Reaction channels will be identified in SASY, a large detector array covering about 80% of 4{pi}. A high degree of symmetry in both target and detector will be used to minimize systematic uncertainties.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Babusci, D.; Giordano, G.; Baghaei, H.; Cichocki, A.; Blecher, M.; Breuer, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laser Electron Gamma Source. Biennial progress report

Description: The LEGS facility provides intense, polarized, monochromatic {gamma}-ray beams by Compton backscattering laser light from relativistic electrons circulating in the X-Ray storage ring of the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. With the start of ring operations at 2.8 GeV, LEGS {gamma}-ray energies now extend to 370 MeV. Considerable progress has been made in the development of a new laser system that will increase the beam energies to 470 MeV, and this system is expected to come into operation before the next biennial report. The total flux is administratively held at 6 {times} 10{sup 6} s{sup {minus}1}. The {gamma}-ray energy is determined, with a resolution of 5.5 MeV, by detecting the scattering electrons in a magnetic spectrometer. This spectrometer can `tag` all {gamma}-rays with energies from 185 MeV up to the Compton edge. The beam spot size at the target position is 8 mm (V) {times} 18 mm (H), FWHM. For a single laser wavelength, the linear polarization of the beam is 98% at the Compton edge and decreases to 50% at about 1/2 the energy of the edge. By choosing the laser wavelengths appropriately the polarization can be maintained above 85% throughout the tagging range. During the last two years, experimental running at LEGS occupied an average of 3000 hours annually. Highlights of some of the programs are discussed below.
Date: June 1, 1994
Creator: Sandorfi, A. M.; Caracappa, A.; Kuczewski, A.; Kistner, O. C.; Lincoln, F.; Miceli, L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The E2 N[yields][Delta] transition from polarized Compton scattering

Description: Short communication.
Date: January 1, 1993
Creator: Sandorfi, A.M.; Caracappa, A.; Kistner, O.C.; Thorn, C.E. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Miceli, L. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States) South Carolina Univ., Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Physics); Giordano, G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A portable cryostat for the cold transfer of polarized solid HD targets: HDice-I

Description: A device has been developed with moveable liquid nitrogen and liquid helium volumes that is capable of reaching over two meters into the coldest regions of a cryostat or dilution refrigerator and reliably extracting or installing a target of solid, polarized hydrogen deuteride (HD). This Transfer Cryostat incorporates a cylindrical neodymium rare-earth magnet that is configured as a Halbach dipole, which is maintained at 77 K and produces a 0.1 T field around the HD target. Multiple layers provide a hermetic 77 K-shield as the device is used to maintain a target at 2 K during a transfer between cryostats. Tests with frozen-spin HD show negligible polarization loss for either H or D over typical transfer periods. Multiple target transfers with this apparatus have shown an overall reliability of about 95% per transfer, which is a significant improvement over earlier versions of the device.
Date: February 1, 2014
Creator: Bass, Christopher D.; Sandorfi, Andy M.; Bade, C.; Blecher, M.; Caracappa, A.; D'Angelo, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department