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Ion Beam Deposition of (NbTa)2O5/SiO2 Multilayers for High-Efficiency Dielectric Gratings for High Average Power Laser Systems Operating at 800 nm Central Wavelength

Description: The ion beam deposition of (NbTa)2O5 has been investigated for realizing high reflectance multilayer stacks of high damage threshold for applications in the engineering of dielectric gratings for use at 800 nm. Deposition conditions were optimized to yield fully oxidized films as determined from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The film properties were also investigated using spectroscopic ellipsometry, and spectrophotometry to determine their refractive index and thickness respectively. Damage threshold testing was performed on single films using an amplified Ti:Sapphire laser producing a train of 170 ps pulses at a wavelength of 800 nm with an average energy of 100 mJ. The laser output was focused at the surface of the samples via a 0.5 m focal length lens to generate fluences ranging from 0 to 9 J/cm{sup 2}. At the optimum deposition conditions for highest optical quality and damage threshold, high reflector stacks of (NbTa){sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO2 were fabricated. These stacks were employed to fabricate dielectric gratings with 1740 l/mm for use with 800 nm light. At an input angle of 8{sup o} from Littrow and a wavelength from 770 to 830 nm, >90% diffraction efficiency is achieved, with peak diffraction efficiency of >97%. The demonstration of dielectric gratings at 800 nm is opening the pathway to significantly increase the power handling capabilities of grating compressors for picosecond and femtosecond chirped pulse amplifications systems.
Date: June 2, 2006
Creator: Menoni, C S; Patel, D; Brizuela, F; Rocca, J J; Nguyen, H T & Britten, J A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Efficiency 800 nm Multi-Layer Dielectric Gratings for High Average Power Laser Systems

Description: We report on the design, fabrication, and performance of a 1740 l/mm multilayer dielectric diffraction grating for use with 800 nm light. At an input angle of 8{sup o} from Littrow and a wavelength from 770 to 830 nm, >90% diffraction efficiency is achieved, with peak diffraction efficiency of >97% at 800nm. We will also comment on laser damage threshold and power-handling properties.
Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Nguyen, H T; Britten, J A; Patel, D; Brizuela, F; Rocca, J J & Menoni, C S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Extreme Ultraviolet Laser-based Table-top Aerial Image Metrology of Lithographic Masks

Description: We report the first at-wavelength line edge roughness measurements of patterned EUV lithography masks realized using a table-top aerial imaging system based on a table-top {lambda}=13.2 laser.
Date: February 10, 2010
Creator: Brizuela, F.; Carbajo, S.; Sakdinawat, A.; Wang, Y.; Alessi, D.; Martz, D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

13.2 nm Table-Top Inspection Microscope for Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defect Characterization

Description: We report on a reflection microscope that operates at 13.2-nm wavelength with a spatial resolution of 55{+-}3 nm. The microscope uses a table-top EUV laser to acquire images of photolithography masks in 20 seconds.
Date: April 7, 2009
Creator: Brizuela, F.; Wang, Y.; Brewer, C.; Pedaci, F.; Chao, W.; Anderson, E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of a Saturated 18.9 nm Tabletop Laser Operating at 5 Hz Repetition Rate

Description: We report the characteristics of a saturated high repetition rate Ni-like Mo laser at 18.9 nm. This table-top soft x-ray laser was pumped at 5 Hz repetition rate by 8 ps, 1 J optical laser pulses impinging at grazing incidence into a pre-created Mo plasma. The variation of the laser output intensity as a function of the grazing incidence angle of the main pump beam is reported. The maximum laser intensity was observed for an angle of 20 degrees, at which we measured a small signal gain of 65 cm{sup -1} and a gain-length product gxl > 15. Spatial coherence measurements resulting from a Young's double slit interference experiment show the equivalent incoherent source diameter is about 11 {micro}m. The peak spectral brightness is estimated to be of the order of 1 x 10{sup 24} photons s{sup -1} mm{sup -2} mrad{sup -2} within 0.01% spectral bandwidth. This type of practical, small scale, high repetition soft x-ray laser is of interest for many applications. This acts to reduce the sensitivity of burst properties to metallicity. Only the first anomalous burst in one model produces nuclei as heavy as A = 100. For the present choice of nuclear physics and accretion rates, other bursts and models make chiefly nuclei with A {approx} 64. The amount of carbon remaining after hydrogen-helium bursts is typically {approx}< 1% by mass, and decreases further as the ashes are periodically heated by subsequent bursts. For M = 3.5 x 10{sup -10} M{sub {circle_dot}} yr{sup -1} and solar metallicity, bursts are ignited in a hydrogen-free helium layer. At the base of this layer, up to 90% of the helium has already burned to carbon prior to the unstable ignition of the helium shell. These helium-ignited bursts have (a) briefer, brighter light curves with shorter tails; (b) very rapid ...
Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Larotonda, M A; Luther, B M; Wang, Y; Liu, Y; Alessi, D; Berrill, M et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advances in full field microscopy with table-top soft x-ray lasers

Description: We describe recent advances in the demonstration of table-top full field microscopes that use soft x-ray lasers for illumination. We have achieved wavelength resolution and single shot exposure operation with a very compact 46.9 nm microscope based on a desk-top size capillary discharge laser. This {lambda}-46.9 nm microscope has been used to capture full field images of a variety of nanostructure systems and surfaces. In a separate development we have demonstrated a zone plate microscope that uses {lambda}=13.2 nm laser illumination to image absorption defects in an extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) mask in the same geometry used in a 4x demagnification EUVL stepper. Characterization of the microscope’s transfer function shows it can resolve 55 nm half period patterns. With these capabilities, the {lambda}-13.2 nm microscope is well suited for evaluation of pattern and defect printability of EUVL masks for the 22 nm node.
Date: May 18, 2009
Creator: Menoni, C. S.; Brizuela, F.; Wang, Y.; Brewer, C. A.; Luther, B. M.; Pedaci, F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inspection 13.2 nm table-top full-field microscope

Description: We present results on a table-top microscope that uses an EUV stepper geometry to capture full-field images with a halfpitch spatial resolution of 55 nm. This microscope uses a 13.2 nm wavelength table-top laser for illumination and acquires images of reflective masks with exposures of 20 seconds. These experiments open the path to the realization of high resolution table-top imaging systems for actinic defect characterization.
Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Brizuela, F.; Wang, Y.; Brewer, C. A.; Pedaci, F.; Chao, W.; Anderson, E. H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department