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Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Description: This report discusses the causes of funding gaps and shutdowns of the federal government, processes that are associated with shutdowns, and how agency operations may be affected by shutdowns. The report concludes with a discussion of potential issues for Congress.
Date: September 8, 2014
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reexamination of Agency Reporting Requirements: Annual Process Under the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 (GPRAMA)

Description: On January 4, 2011, the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 (GPRAMA) became law. The acronym "GPRA" in the act's short title refers to the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA 1993), a law that GPRAMA substantially modified. Some of GPRAMA's provisions require agencies to produce plans and reports for a variety of audiences that focus on goal-setting and performance measurement. Other provisions, by contrast, establish an annual process to reexamine the usefulness of certain reporting requirements. The report concludes by looking potential issues for Congress in two categories.
Date: April 18, 2012
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proposals for a Commission on the Accountability and Review of Federal Agencies (CARFA) and “Results Commissions”: Analysis and Issues for Congress

Description: y In the 108th Congress, companion bills were introduced (S. 1668/H.R. 3213) that, if enacted, would have established a Commission on the Accountability and Review of Federal Agencies (CARFA). The proposed CARFA Act would have required this 12-member presidentially appointed commission to review non-defense, non-entitlement federal agencies and programs to determine if any agencies or programs are duplicative, wasteful, inefficient, outdated, irrelevant, or failed.
Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Bush Administration's Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)

Description: This report discusses how the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART) is structured, how it has been used, and how various commentators have assessed its design and implementation. The report concludes with a discussion of potential criteria for assessing the PART or other program evaluations, which Congress might consider during the budget process, in oversight of federal agencies and programs, and in consideration of legislation that relates to the PART or program evaluation generally.
Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Description: This report discusses the causes of funding gaps and shutdowns of the federal government, processes that are associated with shutdowns, and how agency operations may be affected by shutdowns. The report concludes with a discussion of potential issues for Congress.
Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Description: This report discusses the causes of funding gaps and shutdowns of the federal government, processes that are associated with shutdowns, and how agency operations may be affected by shutdowns. The report concludes with a discussion of potential issues for Congress.
Date: February 18, 2011
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Interim Continuing Resolutions (CRs): Potential Impacts on Agency Operations

Description: Continuing appropriations acts, commonly known as continuing resolutions (CRs), have been an integral component of the annual appropriations process for decades. When Congress and the President do not reach final decisions about one or more regular appropriations acts, they often negotiate and enact a CR. One type of CR used is an "interim" CR, which provides agencies with stopgap funding for a period of time until final appropriations decisions are made, or until enactment of another interm CR. This report analyzes three major potential impacts that interim CRs might have on agency operations.
Date: November 19, 2010
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Description: This report discusses the causes of funding gaps and shutdowns of the federal government, processes that are associated with shutdowns, and how agency operations may be affected by shutdowns. The report concludes with a discussion of potential issues for Congress.
Date: September 27, 2010
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Interim Continuing Resolutions (CRs): Potential Impacts on Agency Operations

Description: This report discusses how an interim continuing resolutions (CRs), provisions and requirements may impact directly upon an agency. Second, the report analyzes Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agency documents that have provided guidance or requirements for how an agency should navigate through periods of interim CRs. Third, the report analyzes brief mentions of claims of impact contained in Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports from a 20-year span.
Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Changes to the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA): Overview of the New Framework of Products and Processes

Description: This report is categorized into four categories: (I) Background: Congress and Performance, (II) GPRAMA's Products and Processes, (III) Viewing the Products and Processes Together and (IV) Potential Implications and Issues for Congress.
Date: February 29, 2012
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Office of Management and Budget: A Brief Overview

Description: This report provides a concise overview of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and its major functions, and highlights a number of issues influenced by OMB in matters of policy, budget, management, and OMB's internal operations.
Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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General Management Laws: Major Themes and Management Policy Options

Description: This report focuses on major themes -- and possible policy options for Congress -- that emerge when the general management laws are viewed together, as a whole. The report also describes historical context of the roles that Congress and the President play in managing the executive branch, and compares management in the public and private sectors.
Date: May 19, 2004
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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General Management Laws: A Compendium

Description: This report is a companion to CRS Report RL32388, General Management Laws: Major Themes and Management Policy Options. In combination, these reports have three main objectives: (1) to identify and describe the major management laws under which the executive branch of the federal government is required to operate, including their rationale, design, and scope; (2) to assist Members of Congress and their staff in oversight of executive branch management; and (3) to help Congress when considering potential changes to the management laws themselves, as well as other legislation, including authorization statutes and appropriations.
Date: May 19, 2004
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Funding Gaps and Government Shutdowns: CRS Experts

Description: This report is a table providing names and contact information for CRS (Congressional Research Service) experts on policy concerns relating to funding gaps and the processes and effects that may be associated with a government shutdown.
Date: April 6, 2011
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects

Description: This report discusses the causes of funding gaps and shutdowns of the federal government, processes that are associated with shutdowns, and how agency operations may be affected by shutdowns. The report concludes with a discussion of potential issues for Congress.
Date: September 25, 2013
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

OMB Controls on Agency Mandatory Spending Programs: "Administrative PAYGO" and Related Issues for Congress

Description: This CRS report focuses first on the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) May 2005 memorandum and the process it outlines. The report then discusses one case where the process appears to have been implemented. It then discusses other potential implications, if the OMB process were widely utilized in practice. Next, the report discusses potential options for Congress.
Date: August 19, 2010
Creator: Brass, Clinton T. & Monke, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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