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Synthesis of Polyaldehydes

Description: Part one of this thesis concerns the polymerizability of some α,β-unsaturated monaldehydes and also relates the synthesis of some new polyaldehydes which have not been reported in the literature. Part two concerns the polymerization of glyoxal, the simplest dialdehyde, and the structure elucidation of this new polymer.
Date: June 1964
Creator: O'Neal, Hubert Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Infrared Study of some Ω-Phenyl and Ω-Benzoyl Alkanoic Acids

Description: There is no available information in the literature on interaction between carboxyl hydrogen and ω-phenyl groups. Consequently, it was of interest to seek such interactions. Some form of interaction is evident from the study of the spectra of some phenylalkanoic acids and benzoyalkanoic acids.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Chanslor, Robert Janes
Partner: UNT Libraries

Cycloadditions of Dichloroketene

Description: An investigation of the cycloaddition behavior of dichloroketene with various types of olefins seemed in order to determine if dichloroketene behaved similarly to dialkylketenes. It was anticipated that a study of this type would indicate the reactivity of dichloroketene to various types of olefinic compounds and thus establish if the ease of cycloaddition with dichloroketene parallels the nucleophilicity of the olefin as it does in dialkylketenes.
Date: June 1967
Creator: Waters, Oralee Hurst
Partner: UNT Libraries

Synthesis of Polycyclic "Cage" Molecules

Description: The synthesis of a novel, cage spiro-oxetane was carried out. Pentacyclo[5.4.0.0^2,6.0^3,10.0^5,9]undecane-8- one (PCUD-8-one) undergoes one-carbon homologation to a mixture of endo- and exo- PCUD-carboxaldehydes which then are converted into 8,8-bis(hydroxymethyl)PCUD. The monotosylate obtained via reaction of 8,8- bis(hydroxymethyl)PCUD with tosyl chloride(1 equivalent) reacts with sodium hydride to afford the corresponding spiro-oxetane via intramolecular Williamson reaction. Six new substituted heptacyclo[6.6.0.0^2,6.0^3,13.0^4,11. 0^5,9.0^10,14]tetradecanes (HCTD) were synthesized. These compounds will be used as substrates in a photoelectron spectroscopic study. The ring-expansion reaction of PCUD-8-one with ethyl diazoacetate in the presence of BF_3:OEt_2 was performed. The major product was converted into an alcohol, and the structure of the 3,5-dinitrobenzoate of this alcohol was elucidated by single crystal x-ray structural analysis.
Date: August 1989
Creator: Ren, Chien-Tai
Partner: UNT Libraries

Software and Hardware Interface of a VOTRAX Terminal for the Fairchild F24 Computer

Description: VOTRAX is a commercially available voice synthesizer for use with a digital computer. This thesis describes the design and implementation of a VOTRAX terminal for use with the Fairchild F24 computer. Chapters of the thesis consider the audio response technology, some characteristics of Phonetic English Speech, configuration of hardware, and describe the PHONO computer program which was developed. The last chapter discusses the advantages of the VOTRAX voice synthesizer and proposes a future version of the system with a time-sharing host computer.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Wu, Chun Hsiang
Partner: UNT Libraries

Conformation-Activity Studies of Pyrethroid Alcohols

Description: The synthesis and insecticidal activity of certain alcohols (hydroxymethyldibenzofurans, hydroxymethyldibenzothiophenes and some of their ⍺-cyano derivatives), esterified with trans-chrysanthemic acid, were investigated. The preparation of these planar alcohol moieties was undertaken to study conformation-activity effects in insecticides of the pyrethroid type. The synthesis of final ester products employed two methods. One was the direct condensation of the appropriate alcohol with chrysanthemic acid chloride in the presence of pyridine. The other involved the in situ formation of the cyanohydrin from the appropriate aldehyde and subsequent condensation with chrysanthemic acid chloride in the presence of a phase transfer reagent. Insecticidal activity is to be tested at rates of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 10, 100, and 1000 ppm. Fenvalerate is used as the standard against Diabrotica undecimpuntata (spotted cucumber beetles).
Date: August 1984
Creator: Tu, Huai-Tsu
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Crystal and Molecular Structure of 2, 2' bipyridylglycinatochloro Copper (II) Dihydrate

Description: The three-dimensional x-ray structure of 2,2'-bipyridylglycinatochloro copper(II) dihydrate has been fully refined to a final R factor of 0.081. The bipyridyl and glycine ligands are arranged about the central copper atom in a square planar configuration while the chlorine atom is 2.635 angstroms above this plane directly over the copper atom. This unusually long distance is explained by the positioning of a glycine group on the opposite side of the square plane, resulting in a distorted octahedral arrangement. Also, the chlorine atom is linked to three oxygen atoms via hydrogen bonding, thus stabilizing the distorted octahedral complex.
Date: May 1975
Creator: Neitzel, Conrad J.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Photolytic Ozonation of Organics in Aqueous Solutions

Description: The aim of the investigation described in this work is to gain a better understanding of the processes involved in the oxidation of organic compounds by photolytic ozonation in a laboratory scale reactor. The results and discussions are presented in Chapter III. This chapter contains four parts. In the first part, mass transfer efficiency and the calculation of the mass transfer coefficient, KLa, as well as the ozone decomposition rate constant, KD, are presented and compared with those obtained by other investigators. The second part deals with the kinetics of the photolysis of 2,2',4,4',6,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl both in purified and natural lake water. Mathematical expressions and a discussion of the possible reaction processes involved are given. Kinetic models of ozonation and photolytic ozonation in purified and natural lake water are developed and discussed in part three. Rate constants are calculated from experimental data and used to predict values of substrate destruction with a mathematical model. The fourth part of this chapter deals with the identification of products from the photolysis, ozonation and photolytic ozonation of 2,2'4,4',6,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl. The products are isolated and identified using combined gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms are suggested.
Date: May 1980
Creator: Huang, Francis Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Kinetics and Mechanism Study of Diphenylketene Cycloadditions

Description: From a review of the published work in the field of cycloadditions, it is evident that further research is needed to establish the mechanism of ketene cycloadditions. This work was initiated with the intent of obtaining kinetic data which will contribute to the elucidation of the mechanism of ketene cycloadditions.
Date: August 1967
Creator: O'Neal, Hubert Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries

Metal (II) Complexes with N-Salicylideneamino Acids

Description: Transition metal complexes derived from Schiff bases have rendered an important contribution to the development of modern coordination chemistry. Various stable compounds have been prepared having synthetic, biological, and physicochemical interest. In particular, complexes of salicylaldimines, B-ketoamines, and closely related ligand systems have been investigated.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Carlisle, Gene Ozelle
Partner: UNT Libraries

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Some 1,2,4-triazoles

Description: In the work undertaken here, NMR has been used to ascertain the structure of some 1,2,4-triazoles. The investigation provides information concerning the structure of potentially tautomeric triazoles such as hydroxy- and aminotriazole. Connected with this aspect of triazole chemistry is the larger problem of mesohydric tautomerism. The present study also yields information for a comparison of substituent effects in triazoles, N-heteroaromatic substances and benzene.
Date: January 1967
Creator: Creagh, Linda Truitt
Partner: UNT Libraries

Ketene Reactions: I. The Addition of Acid Chlorides to Dimethylketene ; II. The Cycloaddition of Ketenes to Carbonyl Compounds

Description: Part I describes the addition of several acid chlorides to dimethylketene. The resulting 3-ketoacid chlorides were isolated and characterized. Part II describes the cycloaddition of several aldoketenes to chloral. The ketenes were generated in situ by dehydrohalogenation and dehalogenation of appropriately substituted acyl halides.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Smith, Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries

Ketene Carbodiimide Cycloadditions

Description: It was proposed to study the cycloaddition of ketenes and carbodiimides in some detail. The first objective was to investigate the general applicability of the reaction as a tool for the synthetic organic chemist in the preparation of a new class of substituted β-lactams; i.e., imino-β-lactams. It was proposed for this part of the research problem to look for the intermediate, either directly or indirectly, by trapping experiments. It was further proposed to study substituent effects in the ketene and carbodiimide and also Investigate the effect of solvent polarity on the reaction rate. From these data, it was hoped that the mechanism of the cycloaddition reaction could be elucidated.
Date: August 1970
Creator: Dorsey, Edwin Darrell
Partner: UNT Libraries

Bonding Studies in Group IV Substituted n,n-dimethylanilines

Description: The purpose of the present work is to study the effects of the trimethylsilyl and trimethylgermyl substituents on the N,N-dimethylamino ring system. Both ground and excited state interactions were studied and their magnitudes determined. The experimental data were then used in conjunction with molecular orbital calculations to differentiate among, and determine the importance of, d-p bonding, hyperconjugation or polarization of the trimethylsilyl group on the ground and excited state bonding.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Drews, Michael James
Partner: UNT Libraries