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Biotransformation of PuEDTA: Implications to Pu Immobilization

Description: This project integrates three distinct goals to develop a fundamental understanding of the potential fate and disposition of plutonium in sediments that are co-contaminated with EDTA. The three objectives are: (1) Develop thermodynamic data for Pu-EDTA species and determine the dominant mobile form of Pu under anaerobic conditions. (2) Elucidate the mechanism and rates of Pu(IV) and Pu(IV)-EDTA reduction by metal-reducing bacteria and determine where the Pu is located (in solution, biosorbed, bioaccumulated). (3) Enrich and isolate anaerobic EDTA-degrading microorganisms to investigate the anaerobic biodegradation of Pu-EDTA.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Bolton, Harvey, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biodegradation of PuEDTA and Impacts on Pu Mobility

Description: This project is part of a major project (PI, Dr. Harvey Bolton, Jr. at PNNL) regarding plutonium mobility in the subsurface. Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) is a common chelating agent that can increase the mobility of radionuclides and heavy metals in groundwater. Biodegradation of EDTA decreases the enhanced mobility. The overall objective is to understand how microbial degradation affects Plutonium-EDTA transport in the environment, and the specific objective of this component is to understand how microorganisms degrade EDTA. Over the past two years, significant progress has been made to the understanding on how EDTA is degraded by an EDTA-degrading bacterium BNC1. The characterization of EDTA and nitrilotriacetate (NTA) transport into BNC1 cells is summarized here. The uptake is the limiting step in EDTA and NTA degradation. The objectives of near-term research are described. We are making progress as projected in the proposal.
Date: June 1, 2003
Creator: Xun, Luying & Bolton, Harvey, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department