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Multi-purpose neutron radiography system

Description: A conceptual design is given for a low cost, multipurpose radiography system suited for the needs of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The proposed neutron source is californium-252. One purpose is to provide an in-house capability for occasional, reactor quality, neutron radiography thus replacing the recently closed Omega-West Reactor. A second purpose is to provide a highly reliable standby transportable neutron radiography system. A third purpose is to provide for transportable neutron probe gamma spectroscopy techniques. The cost is minimized by shared use of an existing x-ray facility, and by use of an existing transport cask. The achievable neutron radiography and radioscopy performance characteristics have been verified. The demonstrated image qualities range from high resolution gadolinium - SR film, with L:D = 100:1, to radioscopy using a LIXI image with L:D = 30:1 and neutron fluence 3.4 x 10{sup 5} n/cm{sup 2}.
Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: Barton, J.P.; Bryant, L.E. & Berry, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemical and radiation stability of a proprietary cesium ion exchange material manufactured from WWL membrane and SuperLig{reg_sign} 644

Description: Pretreatment of nuclear process wastes for ion exchange removal of Cs and other radionuclides is one way to minimize amount of high-level radioactive waste at Hanford. This study evaluated Cs-selective SuperLig{reg_sign}644 (IBC Advanced Technologies, American Fork UT) entrapped in a proprietary WWL web membrane (3M) for chemical/radiation stability in simulated caustic neutralized current acid waste (NCAW), 0.5M HNO{sub 3}, water, and air. After exposure up to 2.0E+09 rad, the material was evaluated for Cs uptake in 5M sodium NCAW simulants with varying Cs contents. Radiolytic stability appears to be sufficient for ion exchange pretreatment of radioactive Cs: essentially no decrease in Cs selectivity or loading (Kd) was observed during {sup 60}Cs gamma irradiation in water or 0.5M HNO{sub 3} up to 1.0E+09 rad. Cs Kd decreased by a factor of 2 after 2.0E+09 rad exposure. Cs Kd did not change during irradiation in 5M NCAW or ambient air up to 1.0E+08 rad, but decreased by more than an order of magnitude between 1.0E+08 and 2.0E+09 rad (not typical of process conditions). Chemical stability under caustic conditions is lower than in air or under neutral/acidic conditions. Results indicate that this material is less stable in caustic solution irrespective of radiation exposure. Samples of the membrane retained their physical form throughout the entire experiment and were only slightly brittle after exposure to 2.0E+09 rad. (The material evaluated was a finely ground (400 mesh) particulate engineered to form a polymeric fiber (WWL), not the macroscopic form of SuperLig{reg_sign} 644 resin (20 to 50 mesh).)
Date: September 1, 1996
Creator: Brown, G.N.; Carson, K.J.; DesChane, J.R.; Elovich, R.J. & Berry, P.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spectral Effects on Fast Wave Core Heating and Current Drive

Description: Recent results obtained with high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) heating and current drive (CD) on NSTX strongly support the hypothesis that the onset of perpendicular fast wave propagation right at or very near the launcher is a primary cause for a reduction in core heating efficiency at long wavelengths that is also observed in ICRF heating experiments in numerous tokamaks. A dramatic increase in core heating efficiency was first achieved in NSTX L-mode helium majority plasmas when the onset for perpendicular wave propagation was moved away from the antenna and nearby vessel structures. Efficient core heating in deuterium majority L mode and H mode discharges, in which the edge density is typically higher than in comparable helium majority plasmas, was then accomplished by reducing the edge density in front of the launcher with lithium conditioning and avoiding operational points prone to instabilities. These results indicate that careful tailoring of the edge density profiles in ITER should be considered to limit rf power losses to the antenna and plasma facing materials. Finally, in plasmas with reduced rf power losses in the edge regions, the first direct measurements of high harmonic fast wave current drive were obtained with the motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic. The location and radial dependence of HHFW CD measured by MSE are in reasonable agreement with predictions from both full wave and ray tracing simulations.
Date: May 11, 2009
Creator: C.K. Phillips, R.E. Bell, L.A. Berry, P.T. Bonoli, R.W. Harvey, J.C. Hosea, E.F. Jaeger, B.P. LeBlanc, P.M. Ryan, G. Taylor, E.J. Valeo, J.R. Wilson, J.C. Wright, H. Yuh, and the NSTX Team
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

C-106 High-Level Waste Solids: Washing/Leaching and Solubility Versus Temperature Studies

Description: This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of inhibited water washing and caustic leaching on the composition of the Hanford tank C-106 high-level waste (HLW) solids. The objective of this work was to determine the composition of the C-106 solids remaining after washing with 0.01M NaOH or leaching with 3M NaOH. Another objective of this test was to determine the solubility of various C-106 components as a function of temperature. The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-8,Rev. 0, Determination of the Solubility of HLW Sludge Solids. The test went according to plan, with only minor deviations from the test plan. The deviations from the test plan are discussed in the experimental section.
Date: January 26, 2000
Creator: Lumetta, G. J.; Bates, D. J.; Berry, P. K.; Bramson, J. P.; Darnell, L. P.; Farmer, O. T., III et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Honoring Our Heritage and other Denton Chamber of Commerce Productions]

Description: This video contains four segments that concern the Denton Chamber of Commerce. The first segment, "Honoring Our Heritage," covers the history of the Chamber of Commerce. The story is presented by an actor portraying A.C. Owsley (President, 1909-1913). The production includes interviews with past Chamber of Commerce Presidents (in order of appearance) Tom Harpool, Jr. (1953), R.L. Selby, Jr. (1958), Marvin Ramey (1957), Bill Utter (1959), John Moellinger (1974), Roy Appleton, Jr. (1961), Fred W. Patterson (1979), Bob Crouch (1984), and Barbara Russell (1991). The second segment (beginning at 00:12:52) contains footage of unidentified men and women at what appears to be a reception. The third segment (beginning at 00:14:21) is news footage by reporter Mike Anderson (ca. 1996) about pollution in the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex and actions taken by the North Texas Clean Air Coalition, Sammons Communication, and the Denton Chamber of Commerce to help Denton meet its air quality goals. An unidentified woman and Chamber of Commerce representative Chuck Patterson are interviewed. The fourth segment (beginning at 00:18:49) features an unidentified woman paying tribute to Chamber of Commerce volunteer James Wood of Lake Dallas Flowers and Balloons.
Date: 1992
Creator: Sammons Communications
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections