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Integrating MEA Regeneration with CO2 Compression and Peaking to Reduce CO2 Capture Costs

Description: Capturing CO{sub 2} from coal-fired power plants is a necessary component of any large-scale effort to reduce anthropogenic CO{sub 2} emissions. Conventional absorption/stripping with monoethanolamine (MEA) or similar solvents is the most likely current process for capturing CO{sub 2} from the flue gas at these facilities. However, one of the largest problems with MEA absorption/stripping is that conventional process configurations have energy requirements that result in large reductions in the net power plant output. Several alternative process configurations for reducing these parasitic energy requirements were investigated in this research with the assistance of the Platte River Power Authority, based on recovering energy from the CO{sub 2} compression train and using that energy in the MEA regeneration step. In addition, the feasibility of selective operation of the amine system at a higher CO{sub 2} removal efficiency during non-peak electricity demand periods was also evaluated. Four process configurations were evaluated: A generic base case MEA system with no compression heat recovery, CO{sub 2} vapor recompression heat recovery, and multipressure stripping with and without vapor recompression heat recovery. These configurations were simulated using a rigorous rate-based model, and the results were used to prepare capital and operating cost estimates. CO{sub 2} capture economics are presented, and the cost of CO{sub 2} capture (cost per tonne avoided) is compared among the base case and the alternative process configurations. Cost savings per tonne of CO{sub 2} avoided ranged from 4.3 to 9.8 percent. Energy savings of the improved configurations (8-10%, freeing up 13 to 17 MW of power for sale to the grid based on 500 MW unit ) clearly outweighed the modest increases in capital cost to implement them; it is therefore likely that one of these improved configurations would be used whenever MEA-based (or similar) scrubbing technologies are implemented. In fact, the payback ...
Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Kevin S.; Beitler, Carrie; Rueter, Curtis; Searcy, Katherine; Rochelle, Dr. Gary & Jassim, Dr. Majeed
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department