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Report to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission on analysis and evaluation of operational data - 1987: Power reactors

Description: This annual report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) is devoted to the activities performed during 1987. The report is published in two volumes. NUREG-1272, Vol. 2, No. 1, covers Power Reactors and presents an overview of the operating experience of the nuclear power industry, with comments regarding the trends of some key performance measures. The report also includes the principal findings and issues identified in AEOD studies over the past year, and summarizes information from Licensee Event Reports, the NRC's Operations Center, and Diagnostic Evaluations. NUREG-1272, Vol. 2, No. 2, covers Nonreactors and presents a review of the nonreactors events and misadministration reports that were reported in 1987 and a brief synopsis of AEOD studies published in 1987. Each volume contains a list of the AEOD Reports issued for 1980-1987.
Date: October 1, 1988
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Detroit Lakes energy systems study: Phase I feasibility. Final report, February 1, 1978--July 31, 1978

Description: The objective of the Detroit Lakes Energy Systems Study is to determine the economic feasibility of alternative renewable energy system configurations in the northern latitudes. A forecast through both 1990 and the year 2000 is made of the demand for electrical energy in the Detroit Lakes area. An assessment of renewable energy resources including biomass, wind, and insolation is provided. A detailed analysis is made of system costs including biomass, wind, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, selected hybrids, and conventional fuel systems. Lessons learned and recommendations for prototype fabrication are highlighted. (MHR)
Date: July 31, 1978
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The human genome initiative of the Department of Energy

Description: The structural characterization of genes and elucidation of their encoded functions have become a cornerstone of modern health research, biology and biotechnology. A genome program is an organized effort to locate and identify the functions of all the genes of an organism. Beginning with the DOE-sponsored, 1986 human genome workshop at Santa Fe, the value of broadly organized efforts supporting total genome characterization became a subject of intensive study. There is now national recognition that benefits will rapidly accrue from an effective scientific infrastructure for total genome research. In the US genome research is now receiving dedicated funds. Several other nations are implementing genome programs. Supportive infrastructure is being improved through both national and international cooperation. The Human Genome Initiative of the Department of Energy (DOE) is a focused program of Resource and Technology Development, with objectives of speeding and bringing economies to the national human genome effort. This report relates the origins and progress of the Initiative. 34 refs.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical support for GEIS: radioactive waste isolation in geologic formations. Volume 21. Ground water movement and nuclide transport

Description: This volume, TM-36/21 Ground Water Movement and Nuclide Transport, is one of a 23-volume series, ''Technical Support for GEIS: Radioactive Waste Isolation in Geologic Formations, Y/OWI/TM-36'' which supplements a ''Contribution to Draft Generic Environmental Impact Statement on Commercial Waste Management: Radioactive Waste Isolation in Geologic Formations, Y/OWI/TM-44.'' The series provides a more complete technical basis for the preconceptual designs, resource requirements, and environmental source terms associated with isolating commercial LWR wastes in underground repositories in salt, granite, shale and basalt. Wastes are considered from three fuel cycles: uranium and plutonium recycling of spent fuel and uranium-only recycling. The studies presented in this volume consider the effect of the construction of the repository and the consequent heat generation on the ground water movement. Additionally, the source concentrations and leach rates of selected radionuclides were studied in relation to the estimated ground water inflow rates. Studies were also performed to evaluate the long term migration of radionuclides as affected by the ground water flow. In all these studies, three geologic environments are considered; granite, shale and basalt.
Date: April 1, 1978
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission on Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data, 1986

Description: This annual report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) is devoted to the activities performed during calendar year 1986. Comments and observations are provided on operating experience at nuclear power plants and other NRC licensees, including results from selected AEOD studies; summaries of abnormal occurrences involving US nuclear plants; reviews of licensee event reports and their quality, reactor scram experience from 1984 to 1986, engineered safety features actuations, and the trends and patterns analysis program; and assessments of nonreactor and medical misadministration events. In addition, the report provides the year-end status of all recommendations included in AEOD studies, and listings of all AEOD reports issued from 1980 through 1986.
Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

WIPP conceptual design report. Addendum L. Mine safety code review for Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) conceptual design report

Description: The Federal Mine Safety Code, Part 57 of the Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act, was studied as to its effects upon the design and operation of that portion of the waste Isolation Pilot Plant pertaining to mining. These standards are discussed on a point by point basis.
Date: June 1, 1977
Creator: None,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Assessment of Remedial Action at the Riverton Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Riverton, Wyoming

Description: The US Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (DOE/EA-0254) on the proposed remedial action at the inactive uranium milling site near Riverton, Wyoming. Based on the analyses in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321, et seq.). Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) is not required.
Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Draft Area Recommendation Report for the Crystalline Repository Project: Overview. [Second repository]

Description: The draft Area Recommendation Report (ARR) for the Crystalline Repository Project identifies portions of crystalline rock bodies as proposed potentially acceptable sites for the Nation's second repository for deep geologic burial of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. This Overview provides a brief summary of that report. The US Department of Energy (DOE) evaluated available geologic and environmental data for 235 crystalline rock bodies in the North Central, Northeastern, and Southeastern Regions to identify preliminary candidate areas. The 12 proposed potentially acceptable sites are located in the States of Georgia (1), Maine (2), Minnesota (3), New Hampshire (1), North Carolina (2), Virginia (2), and Wisconsin (1). The data, analyses and rationale pertaining to the identification of the 12 proposed potentially acceptable sites are presented in the draft ARR. The analyses presented in the draft ARR demonstrate that the evidence available for each proposed potentially acceptable site supports (1) a finding that the site is not disqualified under Appendix III of the DOE Siting Guidelines and (2) a decision to proceed with the continued investigation of the site on the basis of the favorable and potentially adverse conditions identified to date. These potentially acceptable sites will be investigated and evaluated in more detail during the area phase of the siting process and considered along with other candidate sites in a progressive narrowing process to finally choose the site of the second repository in 1998.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar energy conference, final report

Description: The conference attendance, publicity and press coverage, brochure mailing, presentations, displays, exhibitors, management seminar checklist, and seminar evaluation by attendees are presented. Also included are the proposal for funding of the conference, the list of attendees, keynote speeches, agenda, and feedback questionnaire. (MHR)
Date: May 24, 1977
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

/sup 238/Pu fuel form processes. Quarterly report, April-June 1982

Description: Progress in studies of /sup 238/Pu fuel form processes is reported. Analytical studies of weld-quench cracking in DOP-26 iridium alloy-clad vent sets in General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHS) showed that weld-quench cracking is much more severe in MER alloy than in LR and NR alloys. Spark source mass spectrometry indicated that areas in DOP-26 alloy with severe weld-quench cracking have high thorium inhomogeneity. Secondary ion mass spectrometry revealed differences in LR and MR alloys that may be related to their dissimilar susceptibilities for weld-quench cracking. Impact ductility tests showed that welds in DOP-26 alloy clad vent sets made using parameters similar to PuFF production welding had high elongations. Decontamination of encapsulated GPHS pellets in PuFF was demonstrated using a solution of 3.5 M HNO/sub 3/ + 6.4 M HF which is capable of reducing transferable contamination below the specified 10/sup 3/ dpm upper limit in <30 minutes at a bath temperature of 80/sup 0/C using ultrasonic cleaning. Decontamination vessels were constructed to trap and condense acid vapors during decontamination. Impact and metallographic data showed that although the micro and macrostructures between LANL and SRL pellets have large differences, the difference in impact response between these two types of pellets is not correspondingly large. Both types of pellets have impacted successfully. The micro and macrostructures of SRP pellets made with either low fired shards sintered in Ar/5%O/sub 2/ or Ar are intermediate between those of the LANL and SRL pellets. Therefore, either type of SRP pellet should impact successfully.
Date: November 1, 1982
Creator: j
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-level radiation: biological interactions, risks, and benefits. A bibliography

Description: The bibliography contains 3294 references that were selected from the Department of Energy's data base (EDB). The subjects covered are lower-level radiation effects on man, environmental radiation, and other biological interactions of radiation that appear to be applicable to the low-level radiation problem.
Date: September 1, 1978
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ground-water monitoring compliance projects for Hanford site facilities: Progress report for the period January 1 to March 31, 1988: Volume 5, Appendix B

Description: This appendix is one of nine volumes, and presents data describing wells completed at the Hanford Site during the fourth quarter of calendar year 1987 (October through December). The data in this volume of Appendix B cover the following wells: 299-W6-2; 299-W7-1; 299-W7-2; 299-W7-3; 299-W7-4. The data are presented in the following order: Well Completion Report/Title III Inspection List, Inspection Plan, As-Built Diagram, Logging Charts, and Drill Logs.
Date: May 1, 1988
Creator: none,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research issues and supporting research of the National Program on Carbon Dioxide, Environment and Society, fiscal year 1980

Description: This report outlines and summarizes the research conducted in the United States under the auspices of the CO/sub 2/ program. The Program encompasses six primary categories which, in turn, are divided into 18 research subcategories and 51 research issues. The research program was designed to describe the research which should be conducted regardless of institutional or even national sponsorship. Project descriptions have been collected and classified according to the research issue to which they most directly apply and have been inserted immediately following the applicable issue description. This provides, for the first time, a detailed view of the nation's effort in addressing the carbon dioxide question in FY 1980.
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strategy analysis for energy conservation. Task 1: economic studies

Description: Development and implementation of an analytical methodology to evaluate alternative research, development, and demonstration projects to allocate Federal funds in a manner consistent with overall DOE and National Energy Plan goals are presented. Documentation of the first step toward addressing these goals is presented. Historical consumption and efficiency of energy usage in the US are traced. Based on a variety of sources and assumptions, a set of no action projections of energy consumption through 2000 was developed. These projections were then compared to national goals derived from the NEP and other sources to identify specific requirements for energy conservation through efficiency improvements and fuel switching. These requirements will form the basis for development and implementation of the analytical methodology as part of Tasks 2 and 3. The methodology concept is discussed in detail.
Date: February 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Information management for nuclear power stations: project description

Description: A study of the information management structure required to support nuclear power plant construction was performed by a joint university-industry group under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE), formerly the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA). The purpose of this study was (1) to study methods for the control of information during the construction and start-up of nuclear power plants, and (2) identify those data elements intrinsic to nuclear power plants which must be maintained in a structured format for quick access and retrieval. Maintenance of the massive amount of data needed for control of a nuclear project during design, procurement, construction, start-up/testing, and operational phases requires a structuring which allows immediate update and retrieval based on a wide variety of access criteria. The objective of the research described has been to identify design concepts which support the development of an information control system responsive to these requirements. A conceptual design of a Management Information Data Base System which can meet the project control and information exchange needs of today's large nuclear power plant construction projects has been completed and an approach recommended for development and implementation of a complete operational system.
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Halpin, D.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of the National Synchrotron Light Source project

Description: The National Synchrotron Light Source is in its final stages of construction, and as the turn-on time for the 700 MeV vuv storage ring draws near, an overview of the project is presented. Emphasis is placed on the linac and booster synchrotron performance and the status of major subsystems.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Heese, R.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potassium vapor topping cycle. Technical progress report, October 1, 1977--December 31, 1977

Description: The potassium vapor topping cycle is a concept for increasing the efficiency of the Rankine vapor cycle by raising the peak temperature by employing a potassium vapor cycle with a turbine inlet temperature of 1500 to 1600/sup 0/F (815 to 870/sup 0/C) in which the waste heat rejected from the condensing potassium vapor is transferred to boiling water and steam in a conventional steam cycle. An efficiency of about 50% is calculated for this cycle with a natural circulation potassium boiler fired by gas or oil. A DOE program is underway at ORNL to build a full-scale potassium boiler tube bundle and burner module and test it with water and then potassium. Operation of the boiler with potassium was initiated at the beginning of this quarter. Problems with plugging of the fill tank and condenser vent lines were encountered in the early runs. These problems were corrected and a boiling test run was made at a power level of about 1.9 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/hr. A small potassium leak occurred in the liquid level indicator sheath, making it necessary to replace the level indicator with an alternate level indicator system that makes use of two argon bubbler tubes. The new level indicator was installed and the boiler was nearly ready for operation at the end of the quarter.
Date: July 1, 1978
Creator: Holcomb, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Water flows from slotted pipes

Description: Results of experiments and analyses that determine jet flow distribution from slotted pipes of dimensions typical for OC-OTEC evaporators or condensers are described. For a pipe with a 6.3-cm inside diameter and 0.64-cm wide slot, the measured and predicted jet flow was low and nearly parallel to the pipe at the entrance, and high and perpendicular to the pipe only near the closed end. Slot lengths ranged from 1.5 m to 4.6 m, and inlet flow rates varied from 6 kg/s to 17 kg/s. Friction reduces the pressure in the entrance and intermediate portions of the pipe, while the rapidly decelerating flow produces high pressure recovery as it approaches the closed end. In the region of high flow next to the closed end, the ratio of slot area (slot length times width) to pipe cross-sectional area is less than two. To use a slotted pipe for generating falling jets in an OC-OTEC plant, the slot length should be 1 m or less (for a pipe with a 6.3-cm inside diameter and a 0.64-cm wide slot).
Date: April 1, 1981
Creator: Olson, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scientific drilling technologies for hostile environments

Description: This paper briefly reviews the current United States Department of Energy Continental Scientific Drilling Program for Thermal Regimes and the related technologies being developed for geothermal drilling. Plans for penetrating into a molten magma body at temperatures from 800 to 1000{degree}C are also reviewed. 7 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Traeger, R.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technique for analyzing the structure of atmospheric turbulence

Description: A technique to assess the contribution of large scale coherent gust structures to the statistical properties of atmospheric turbulence is discussed. First, an orthonormal family of functions is constructed in terms of which the history of sample paths for a stationary wind process can be analyzed. Next, expressing the state of the wind in terms of the expansion coefficients makes it possible to approximate the wind process by a Markov process. A technique is then developed for estimating the Markov transition probability based on actual wind data. Finally, the form of this transition probability represents an analysis of the gust structure implicit in the wind data.
Date: September 1, 1978
Creator: Kerrigan, T.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Structure References (NSR) file. [Mostly information for input]

Description: The use of the Nuclear Structure References file by the Nuclear Data Project at ORNL is described. Much of the report concerns format information of interest only to those preparing input to the system or otherwise needing detailed knowledge of its internal structure. 17 figures. (RWR)
Date: August 1, 1978
Creator: Ewbank, W.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-neutron transfer in Pt and Os nuclei and the IBA

Description: Two-neutron transfer studies in Pt and Os were investigated. The extracted relative enhancement factors in Pt were found to be in excellent agreement with the 0(6) limit predictions. The differences in transfer strength between Pt and Os (t,p) could not be reproduced within the present framework of the Interacting Boson Approximation Model. 3 figures.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Cizewski, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A review of historical data on the radionuclide content of soil samples collected from the Hanford Site and vicinity

Description: The measurement of radioactive materials in soil samples collected from the environs of the Hanford Site has been a routine part of environmental monitoring since 1971. Soil samples have also been collected and analyzed for special-purpose studies. The main objective of this report is to review and summarize the historical record of soil sampling results related to environmental monitoring from the late 1950s through 1987. Other objectives are to publish previously unpublished data and to consolidate results from routine environmental monitoring and special studies into a single document. 51 refs., 9 figs., 14 tabs.
Date: November 1, 1988
Creator: Price, K.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department