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Heat Sweep Analysis of Thermal Breakthrough at Los Humeros and La Primavera Fields, Mexico

Description: Early evaluation of the potential for geothermal breakthrough of reinjected fluids in newly developed geothermal fields can be obtained with the SGP one-dimensional heat sweep model. The model was used to estimate fluid cooldown from wells selected for the first wellhead generating units to be installed at the Los Humeros and La Primavera geothermal fields in Mexico, based on staff-compiled geometric and geologic data, thermal properties of the reservoir rock, and expected production conditions. Geometric considerations were evaluated with respect to known and postulated fault zones and return flow angle of the reinjected fluid. The results show the range of parameter values that affect the rate of thermal breakthrough to an abandonment temperature of 170 ÂșC corresponding to the minimum inlet pressure to the CFE 5-MW wellhead generator units. 9 figs., 4 tabs., 11 refs.
Date: January 20, 1987
Creator: Kruger, P.; Lam, S.; Molinar, R. & Aragon, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: One of the major concerns of electric utilities in installing geothermal power plants is not only the longevity of the steam supply, but also the potential for changes in thermodynamic properties of the resource that might reduce the conversion efficiency of the design plant equipment. Production was initiated at Los Azufres geothermal field with wellhead generators not only to obtain electric energy at a relatively early date, but also to acquire needed information about the resource so that plans for large central power plants could be finalized. Commercial electric energy production started at Los Azufres during the summer of 1982 with five 5-MWe wellhead turbine-generator units. The wells associated with these units had undergone extensive testing and have since been essentially in constant production. The Los Azufres geothermal reservoir is a complex structural and thermodynamic system, intersected by at least 4 major parallel faults and producing geothermal fluids from almost all water to all steam. The five wellhead generators are associated with wells of about 30%, 60%, and 100% steam fraction. A study to compile existing data on the chemical and reservoir conditions during the first two years of operation has been completed. Data have been compiled on mean values of wellhead and separator pressures, steam and liquid flowrates, steam fraction, enthalpy, and pertinent chemical components. The compilation serves both as a database of conditions during the start-up period and as an initial point to observe changes with continued and increased production. Current plans are to add additional wellhead generators in about two years followed by central power plants when the data have been sufficiently evaluated for optimum plant design. During the next two years, the data acquired at the five 5-MWe wellhead generator units can be compared to this database to observe any significant changes in reservoir behavior at ...
Date: January 22, 1985
Creator: Kruger, P.; Semprini, L.; Verma, S.; Barragan, R.; Molinar, R.; Aragon, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department