263 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Effect of Fuel Composition, Engine Operating Variables, and Spark-Plug Type and Condition on Preignition-Limited Performance of an R-2800 Cylinder

Description: The preignition characteristics of the R-2800 cylinder, as effected by fuel consumption, engine operating variables, and spark plug type and condition, were evaluated. The effects on preignition-limited performance of various percentages of aromatics (benzene, toluene, cumene, xylene) in a base fuel of triptane were investigated. Two paraffins (triptane and S + 6.0 ml TEL/gal) and two refinery blends (28-R and 33-R) were preignition rated. The effect of changes in the following engine operating variables on preignition limit was determined: inlet-air temperature, rear spark plug gasket temperature, engine speed, spark advance, tappet clearance, and oil consumption. Preignition limits of the R-2800 cylinder using Champion C34S and C35S and AC-LS86, LS87, and LS88 spark plugs were established and the effect of spark plug deterioration was investigated.
Date: November 15, 1946
Creator: Pfender, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quantitative analysis for aromatic amines in aviation fuels by ultraviolet spectrophotometry

Description: From Summary: "A method of quantitative analysis for individual aromatic amines or mixtures of aromatic amines in hydrocarbon fuel blends by spectrophotometric measurement of ultraviolet-light absorption is presented. The effect of the precision of the spectrophotometric measurements, the purity of the aromatic amine, photochemical decomposition of the amine, and the composition of the fuel on the accuracy of the analysis is discussed and the results of tests of the precision of the procedure are given."
Date: November 1945
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A relation between knock-limited or preignition-limited air-fuel ratio at lean mixtures and fuel-air ratio at rich mixtures

Description: Report presenting a derivation to show that, if the air-fuel ratio at lean mixtures is plotted against the fuel-air ratio at rich mixtures for identical values of the knock-limited indicated mean effective pressure on each side of the minimum indicated-mean-effective-pressure point, a straight line should result.
Date: November 1945
Creator: Evvard, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The synthesis of methylenecyclobutane, spiropentane, and 2-methyl-1-butene from pentaerythrityl tetrabromide

Description: From Summary: "Reduction of pentaerythrityl tetrabromide in ethanol with zinc in the presence of sodium carbonate and sodium iodide was found to yield methylenecyclobutane, spiropentane, and 2-methyl-l-butene. Yields were 46 percent methylenecyclobutane, 21 percent spiropentane, and 12 percent 2-methyl-l-butene. The reduction procedure described offers a method of preparing both methylenecyclobutane and spiropentane from the same reaction in yields comparable with individual methods of synthesis previously reported."
Date: February 1946
Creator: Slabey, Vernon A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The low-temperature solubility of technical xylidine in aviation gasoline

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the low-temperature solubility of technical xylidines in aviation gasoline. Testing included measuring the cloud point, or incipient separation temperature, at several concentrations of technical xylidines in a 65-octane-number clear gasoline without aromatics and with aromatics added in various percentages up to 15 percent by volume and a grade 130, specification AN-F-28, amendment 2, gasoline.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Olson, Walter T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-limited performance of blends of AN-F-28 fuel containing 2 percent aromatic amines 2

Description: Report presenting testing to investigate the effects of 2-percent additions of nine aromatic amines on the knock-limited performance of AN-F-28 (28-R) fuel. The p-toluidine and p-tert-butylaniline gave the best overall improvement in the knock-limited power of the fuel.;
Date: June 1944
Creator: Tower, Leonard K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relation between spark-ignition engine knock, detonation waves, and autoignition as shown by high-speed photography

Description: "A critical review of literature bearing on the autoignition and detonation-wave theories of spark-ignition engine knock and on the nature of gas vibrations associated with combustion and knock results in the conclusion that neither the autoignition theory nor the detonation-wave theory is an adequate explanation of spark-ignition engine knock. A knock theory is proposed, combining the autoignition and detonation-wave theories, which introduces the idea that the detonation wave develops in autoignited or after-burning gases, and ascribes comparatively low-pitched heavy knocks to autoignition but high-pitched pinging knocks to detonation waves with the possibility of combinations of the two types of knocks" (p. 317).
Date: December 5, 1945
Creator: Miller, Cearcy D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure drop in tank and float vent tubes on diving airplanes

Description: Report presenting an experiment regarding tank and float venting conditions that exist on diving airplanes undergoing rapid changes in altitude. The results indicated that large pressure differences build up between the outside and inside of tanks and floats on diving airplanes unless the correct size of venting tube is used.
Date: January 1939
Creator: Waldron, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of engine variables on the prediction-limited performance of three fuels

Description: Report presenting preignition-limited performance data for S reference fuel, diisobutylene, and benzene with an engine-heated hot spot on a supercharged CFR engine at 11 sets of engine operating conditions. Results indicated that increases in compression ratio, spark advance, coolant temperature, or inlet-air temperature decreased the preignition-limited indicated mean effective pressure of all three fuels.
Date: September 1946
Creator: Male, Donald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A preliminary evaluation of the explosion jet-propulsion engine

Description: Report investigating the theoretical sea-level performance of an explosion jet-propulsion engine similar to the German flying bomb to show the effects on performance of heat added and supercharging and a comparison was drawn between the performance of the explosion engine and the constant-pressure engine. The explosion engine was found to be more efficient than the constant-pressure engine at compressor pressure ratios below 3.0 when the maximum gas temperature of the constant-pressure engine is 1600 degrees Fahrenheit.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Sanders, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of a Hot Jet Discharged from a Jet-Propulsion Engine

Description: From Summary: "An investigation of a heated jet was conducted in conjunction with tests of an axial-flow jet-propulsion engine in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. Pressure and temperature surveys were made across the jet 10 and 15 feet behind the jet-nozzle outlet of the engine. Surveys were obtained at pressure altitudes of 10,000, 20,000, 30,000, and 40,000 feet with test-section velocities from 30 to 110 feet per second and test-section temperatures from 60 F to -50 F. From measurements taken throughout the operable range of engine speeds, tail-pipe outlet temperatures from 500 F to 1250 F and jet velocities from 400 to 2200 feet per second were obtained."
Date: December 27, 1946
Creator: Fleming, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of performance of 9-cylinder engine using large valve overlap and eclipse fuel-injection system

Description: Report presenting single-cylinder tests were made with several different engines over a period of time, which have shown that a large overlap between the time of inlet valve opening and exhaust valve closing results in a considerable increase in the maximum power obtainable from a supercharged engine and reduces cylinder temperatures.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Young, Alfred W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of a low-loss air valve on performance of a 22-inch-diameter pulse-jet engine

Description: Report presenting the performance of a 22-inch-diameter pulse-jet engine using a net of low-loss modified air valves at ram pressures equivalent to simulated flight speeds. Results regarding combustion-air weight flow, flight thrust, maximum combustion-chamber pressure, specific fuel consumption, pressure cycle, and valve life are provided.
Date: June 1946
Creator: Bressman, Joseph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reactions with steel of compounds containing chemical groups used in lubricant additives

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the chemical reactions between steel of a type used in aircraft-engine cylinder barrels and compounds containing reactive groups commonly found in lubricant additives. The products formed by reaction at temperatures from 400 to 650 degrees F were analyzed by reflection electron diffraction. Results regarding the diffraction patterns, a description of the products found, and correlation of the results with results form other investigations are provided.
Date: February 1947
Creator: Powell, Allen S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air-consumption parameters for automatic mixture control of aircraft engines

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the use of function of intake-manifold temperature and pressure, exhaust back pressure, and engine speed in place of a ventri as a means of measuring engine air consumption and to determine if this function is suitable for automatic mixture control."
Date: September 1944
Creator: Shames, Sidney J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-limited performance of blends of AN-F-28 fuel containing 2 percent aromatic amines 1

Description: Report presenting tests to investigate the effect of 2-percent additions of 11 aromatic amines on the knock-limited performance of AN-F-28 fuel. A total of 48 aromatic amines are being prepared for knock tests. Results regarding the knock-limited performance data, antiknock effectiveness, and knock-limited powers are provided.
Date: April 1944
Creator: Branstetter, J. Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of various carburetor throttle settings on the flow characteristics at the outlet of a supercharger inlet elbow

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effect of varying the carburetor throttle settings on the flow characteristics at the outlet of the supercharger inlet elbow. Air flow tests were made at several carburetor throttle settings ranging from open to closed. Results regarding distortion and turbulence are provided.
Date: June 1945
Creator: Moses, Jason J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of a P-63-1 airplane with an electric torquemeter

Description: Report presenting an electric torquemeter that was used to measure the power of an Allison V-1710-93 engine installed in a Bell P-63A-1 airplane. Results of maximum-available-power tests in flight at a range of density altitudes showed good agreement between the measured maximum power output and the maximum power shown on the engine manufacturer's calibration chart.
Date: March 1945
Creator: Hanson, Morgan P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ultraviolet spectrochemical analysis for aromatics in aircraft fuels

Description: Report presenting tests to verify and extend ultraviolet spectroscopic techniques for applications to the analysis of aviation fuels for their aromatic constituents. Results regarding photographic absorption spectra, spectrophotometric absorption spectra, and spectrophotometric analyses are provided.
Date: March 1945
Creator: Cleaves, Alden P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A theoretical analysis of the performance of a diesel engine-compressor-turbine combination for aircraft

Description: Report presenting a theoretical study of a diesel engine-compressor-turbine combination for aircraft application. The performance characteristics of the compressor and turbine chosen for analysis are believed to be attainable on present aircraft equipment.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Hall, Eldon W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of Internal Coolant as a Means of Permitting Increase in Engine Take-Off Power

Description: Engine tests, together with estimates made at Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, indicate that a 25-percent increase in take-off power can be obtained with present-day aircraft engines without increasing either the knock limit of the fuel or the external cooling requirements of the engine. This increase in power with present fuels and present external cooling is made possible through the use of an internal coolant inducted through the inlet manifold. Estimates on aircraft indicate that this 25-percent increase in power will permit an approximate usable increase of 8.5 percent in the take-off load of existing military airplanes. This increase in load is equivalent to an increase in the weight of gasoline normally carried of between 30 and 65 percent.
Date: January 1944
Creator: Rothrock, Addison M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The NACA high-speed motion-picture camera optical compensation at 40,000 photographs per second

Description: The principle of operation of the NACA high-speed camera is completely explained. This camera, operating at the rate of 40,000 photographs per second, took the photographs presented in numerous NACA reports concerning combustion, preignition, and knock in the spark-ignition engine. Many design details are presented and discussed, details of an entirely conventional nature are omitted. The inherent aberrations of the camera are discussed and partly evaluated. The focal-plane-shutter effect of the camera is explained. Photographs of the camera are presented. Some high-speed motion pictures of familiar objects -- photoflash bulb, firecrackers, camera shutter -- are reproduced as an illustration of the quality of the photographs taken by the camera.
Date: November 6, 1945
Creator: Miller, Cearcy D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Investigation of the Knock-Limited Performance of a Triptane Blend, a Toluene Blend, and 28-R Fuel in an R-1830-75 Engine

Description: "Knock-limited performance data were obtained for three fuels on an R-1830-75 engine in a B-24D airplane at engine speeds of 1800, 2250, and 2600 rpm, a spark advance of 25 degrees B.T.C., and carburetor-air temperatures of 85 F for 1800 and 2250 rpm and 100 F for 2600 rpm. The test fuels were a blend of 80 percent 28-R plus 20 percent triptane (leaded to 4.5 ml TEL/gal), a blend of 80 percent 28-R plus 15 percent toluene (leaded to 4.5 ml TEL / gal), and 28-R fuel. The knock-limited manifold pressure of the toluene blend depreciated more in the lean region than the triptane blend or 28-R fuel" (p. 1).
Date: September 3, 1946
Creator: Blackman, Calvin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department