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Method for determining the position, angle and other injection parameters of a short pulsed beam in the Brookhaven AGS

Description: As part of the effort to improve the monitoring of the injection process at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS), we have developed a beam diagnostics package which processes the signals from the plates of a pick-up electrode (PUE) located near the injection region of the AGS and provides measurements of the position and angle (with respect to the equilibrium orbit) of the injected beam at the stripping foil where the incident H/sup -/ beam is converted into protons. In addition the package provides measurements of the tune and chromaticity of the AGS at injection, and a measurement of the momentum spread of the injected beam. Since these parameters are obtained for a short-pulsed beam at injection we shall refer to the diagnostics package as PIP which stands for Pulsed Injection Parameters.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Gardner, C. & Ahrens, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarized proton acceleration at the Brookhaven AGS

Description: At the conclusion of polarized proton commissioning in February 1986, protons with an average polarization of 45%, momentum of 21.7 GeV/c, and intensity of 2 x 10/sup 10/ protons per pulse, were extracted to an external polarimeter at the Brookhaven AGS. In order to maintain this polarization, five intrinsic and nearly forty imperfection depolarizing resonances had to be corrected. An apparent interaction between imperfection and intrinsic resonances occurring at very nearly the same energy was observed and the correction of imperfection resonances using ''beat'' magnetic harmonics discovered in the previous AGS commissioning run was further confirmed.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Ahrens, L.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elastic neutrino-electron scattering: a progress report on Exp734 at Brookhaven

Description: I will report preliminary results on elastic neutrino-electron scattering from data taken with the 200 ton segmented liquid scintillator - proportional drift-tube neutrino detector at Brookhaven. Features of the detector (such as the active target and long radiation length) permit a uniquely clean signal. Prospects of results from the completed analysis and further data taking are discussed.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Abe, K.; Ahrens, L.A. & Amako, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Booster-to-AGS Multiwires and an Evolution of the Application Profile Display

Description: Follow up on BtA multiwire beam measurements taken during the 2008 polarized proton run has led to a number of better understandings (for the author) associated with the beam instrumentation involved. This history will be reviewed--some 'beam-based' results noted--and the present state of the application for these monitors described. The BtA multiwire system seems to be fundamentally an excellent diagnostic for allowing us to get the BtA line well under control in a defendable way. When beam is available in BtA, carrying out some systematic measurements with the system can get us there.
Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Ahrens,L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A simple crunching of the AGS 'bare' machine ORM data - February 2007 - to extract some aspects of AGS transverse coupling at injection and extraction

Description: The objective of this note is to (once again) explore the AGS 'ORM' (orbit response matrix) data taken (by Operations) early during the 2007 run with an AGS bare machine and gold beam. Indeed the present motivation is to extract as much information about the AGS inherent transverse coupling as possible - from general arguments and the copious ORM data. And taking this one step further, (though not accomplished yet) the goal really should be to tell the model how to describe this coupling. 'Bare' as used here means the AGS with no quadrupole, sextupole or octupole magnets powered. Only the main (combined-function) magnet string and dipole bumps necessary to optimize beam survival are powered. 'ORM data' means the systematic recording of the equilibrium orbit beam position monitor response to powering individual dipole corrector magnets. The 'matrix' results from looking at the effect of each of the (12 superperiods X 4 dipoles per superperiod) 'kicks' on each of the (12 X 6) pick up electrodes (pues) in each transverse plane. So then we have two (48 X 72) matrices of numbers from the ORM data. (Though 'pue' usually refers to the hardware in the vacuum chamber and 'bpm' to the beam position monitoring system, the two labels will be used casually here.) The exercise is carried out at two magnet rigidities, injection (AGS field {approx}434 Gauss) and extraction to RHIC ({approx}9730 Gauss), - a ratio of rigidities of about 22.4. Since we stick with a bare machine, we are also stuck with the bare tunes which means the tunes are rather close together and near 8.75. Injection: (h,v) {approx} (8.73, 8.76).
Date: November 1, 2010
Creator: Ahrens, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data acquisition for a large neutrino detector

Description: A hierarchical, distributed intelligence data acquisition system which has been used for the past two years in neutrino experiments at Brookhaven National Laboratory is described. Performance characteristics and the nature of problems encountered in bringing the system to maturity are discussed and some generalizations of the experience are suggested.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Ahrens, L.A.; Aronson, S.A. & Connolly, P.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: This workshop's focus is on considering ways for improving the proton beam polarization that the AGS delivers to the RHIC. This talk attempts to review the first decade of AGS polarization--the 1980's; to briefly describe some aspects of the machine situation, the depolarization avoidance strategies employed and the success achieved in AGS from the perspective of one of those involved.
Date: November 6, 2002
Creator: AHRENS,L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarization Issues in Run 2008

Description: The RHIC proton beam polarization has a strong dependence on intensity in Run 2008, whereas the dependence is almost absent in Run 2006. Meanwhile, the RHIC beam transverse emittance also has a dependence on intensity in Run 2008, but little in Run 2006. Using the emittance measurement at the AGS IPM and the BtA multiwires, the source of this difference between 2006 and 2008 runs is traced to the Booster. It is found that at least the degree of the vertical scraping in the Booster is different in 2006 and 2008. The effect of this scraping for the RHIC beam emittance and polarization is studied.
Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Zhang,S.Y.; Ahrens, L.; Huang, H. & Zeno, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of Booster Scraping in Polarized Proton Runs 2006 and 2008

Description: Effects of the Booster vertical scraping on the RHIC beam polarization, the RHIC beam emittance, and on the Booster to AGS transfer efficiency and AGS transmission as well, are further studied. In [1], the strong dependence of the RHIC beam polarization and emittance on bunch intensity in proton run 2008 (pp08) is compared with the proton run 2006 (pp06), where the dependence is much weaker. The setting in the AGS Booster, mainly the vertical scraping, is suspected to having played a role in the different patterns in the two runs. In this note, we further study the effects of the Booster vertical scraping on the RHIC beam polarization, and on the RHIC beam emittance as well. With the improvement of the RHIC bunch intensity in mind, the Booster scraping effects on the Booster to AGS transfer (BtA) efficiency and the AGS transmission are also studied. For simplicity and to be more useful, only the RHIC fills after the one-week shutdown in pp06 and the fills using the AGS User 2 in pp08 are shown. For these fills, the machine settings in AGS are similar in pp06 and pp08 runs. Furthermore, this setting might be used for next polarized proton run, at least at the beginning of the run.
Date: January 2, 2009
Creator: Zhang,S.Y.; Ahrens, L.; Huang, H. & Zeno, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RHIC injector complex online model status and plans

Description: An online modeling system is being developed for the RHIC injector complex, which consists of the Booster, the AGS and the transfer lines connecting the Booster to the AGS and the AGS to RHIC. Historically the injectors have been operated using static values from design specifications or offline model runs, but tighter beam optics constraints required by polarized proton operations (e.g, accelerating with near-integer tunes) have necessitated a more dynamic system. An online model server for the AGS has been implemented using MAD-X [1] as the model engine, with plans to extend the system to the Booster and the injector transfer lines and to add the option of calculating optics using the Polymorphic Tracking Code (PTC [2]) as the model engine.
Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Schoefer,V.; Ahrens, L.; Brown, K.; Morris, J. & Nemesure, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on dumping gold beam in the AGS

Description: Localized losses of gold beam in the AGS during RHIC Run 8 produced vacuum leaks which required the replacement of several vacuum chambers. A review of what happened and why was given by Leif Ahrens at the Run 8 Retreat. The following notes trace the subsequent development of clean dumping of gold beam on the beam dump in the J10 straight. The novel idea of stripping Au77+ ions in order to put them directly into the upstream face of the dump was introduced by Leif Ahrens and developed by all three of us. George Mahler made the actual stripping device and Dave Gassner developed its control. Leif Ahrens successfully commissioned the device with gold beam during Run 10. The reader may find it helpful to first view the figures herein and then refer to the text for details.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Gardner, C.J.; Ahrens, L. & Thieberger, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department