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Determination of the width of the top quark

Description: We extract the total width of the top quark, {Lambda}{sub t}, from the partial decay width {Lambda}(t {yields} Wb) measured using the t-channel cross section for single top quark production and from the branching fraction B(t {yields} Wb) measured in t{bar t} events using up to 2.3 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 Collaboration at the Tevatron p{bar p} Collider. The result is {Lambda}{sub t} = 1.99{sub -0.55}{sup +0.69} GeV, which translates to a top-quark lifetime of {tau}{sub t} = (3.3{sub -0.9}{sup +1.3}) x 10{sup -25} s. Assuming a high mass fourth generation b{prime} quark and unitarity of the four-generation quark-mixing matrix, we set the first upper limit on |V{sub tb{prime}}| < 0.63 at 95% C.L.
Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Precise study of the $Z/\gamma^*$ boson transverse momentum distribution in $p\bar{p}$ collisions using a novel technique

Description: Using 7.3 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, we measure the distribution of the variable {phi}*{sub {eta}}, which probes the same physical effects as the Z/{gamma}* boson transverse momentum, but is less susceptible to the effects of experimental resolution and efficiency. A QCD prediction is found to describe the general features of the {phi}*{sub {eta}} distribution, but is unable to describe its detailed shape or dependence on boson rapidity. A prediction that includes a broadening of transverse momentum for small values of the parton momentum fraction is strongly disfavored.
Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of $\boldsymbol{\ttb}$ production in the tau + jets channel using $\boldsymbol{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\boldsymbol{\sqrt{s} = 1.96}$~TeV

Description: We present a measurement of the t{bar t} production cross section multiplied by the branching ratio to tau lepton decaying semi-hadronically ({tau}{sub h}) plus jets, {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} t{bar t} + X) {center_dot} BR(t{bar t} {yields} {tau}{sub h} + jets), at a center of mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using 1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector. Assuming a top quark mass of 170 GeV, we measure {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} {center_dot} BR{sub {tau}{sub h}+j} = 0.60{sub -0.22}{sup +0.23}(stat){sub -0.14}{sup +0.15}(syst){+-}0.04 (lumi) pb. In addition, we extract the t{bar t} production cross section using the t{bar t} {yields} {tau}{sub h} + jets topology, with the result {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 6.9{sub -1.2}{sup +1.2}(stat){sub -0.7}{sup +0.8}(syst) {+-} 0.4 (lumi) pb. These findings are in good agreement with standard model predictions and measurements performed using other top quark decay channels.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the normalized $Z/\gamma^* -> \mu^+\mu^-$ transverse momentum distribution in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

Description: We present a new measurement of the Z/{gamma}* transverse momentum distribution in the range 0-330 GeV, in proton anti-proton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The measurement uses 0.97 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity recorded by the D0 experiment and is the first using the Z/{gamma}* {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} + X channel at this center-of-mass energy. This is also the first measurement of the Z/{gamma}* transverse momentum distribution that presents the result at the level of particles entering the detector, minimizing dependence on theoretical models. As any momentum of the Z/{gamma}* in the plane transverse to the incoming beams must be balanced by some recoiling system, primarily the result of QCD radiation in the initial state, this variable is an excellent probe of the underlying process. Tests of the predictions of QCD calculations and current event generators show they have varied success in describing the data. Using this measurement as an input to theoretical predictions will allow for a better description of hadron collider data and hence it will increase experimental sensitivity to rare signals.
Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the $WZ\rightarrow \ell\nu\ell\ell$ cross section and limits on anomalous triple gauge couplings in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV

Description: The standard model (SM) of particle physics has been extensively tested in the past three decades and is found to be in excellent agreement with experimental observations. It is widely assumed, however, that the SM is only a low energy approximation of a more general theory. Therefore, any significant deviation from the SM predictions yields information on the nature of a more fundamental theory. Production of WZ pairs is the least studied diboson process within the SM, as it is a charged final state and can only be produced at hadron colliders. A detailed study of this process probes the electroweak sector of the SM. In addition, searches for new phenomena in the production of heavy gauge boson pairs are interesting, as many extensions of the SM predict 1-4 additional heavy gauge bosons that can decay into a WZ boson pairs.
Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for a heavy neutral gauge boson in the dielectron channel with 5.4~fb$^{-1}$ of $\mathbf{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{s} = 1.96}$~TeV

Description: We report the results of a search for a heavy neutral gauge boson Z' decaying into the dielectron final state using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb{sup -1} collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. No significant excess above the standard model prediction is observed in the dielectron invariant-mass spectrum. We set 95% C.L. upper limits on {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z') x BR(Z' {yields} ee) depending on the dielectron invariant mass. These cross section limits are used to determine lower mass limits for Z' bosons in a variety of models with standard model couplings and variable strength.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abazov, V.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for $ZH \rightarrow \ell^+\ell^-b\bar{b}$ production in $4.2$~fb$^{-1}$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96~\TeV$

Description: We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a Z boson in 4.2 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions, collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Selected events contain one reconstructed Z {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} candidate and at least two jets, including at least one b-tagged jet. In the absence of an excess over the background expected from other standard model processes, limits on the ZH cross section multiplied by the branching ratios are set. The limit at M{sub H} = 115 GeV is a factor of 5.9 larger than the standard model prediction.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for sneutrino production in $e\mu$ final states in 5.3 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt(s) =1.96$ TeV

Description: We report the results of a search for R parity violating (RPV) interactions leading to the production of supersymmetric sneutrinos decaying into e{mu} final states using 5.3 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Having observed no evidence for production of e{mu} resonances, we set direct bounds on the RPV couplings {lambda}{prime}{sub 311} and {lambda}{sub 312} as a function of sneutrino mass.
Date: July 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for events with leptonic jets and missing transverse energy in $\mathbf{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{s}=1.96}$ TeV

Description: We present the first search for pair production of isolated jets of charged leptons in association with a large imbalance in transverse energy in p{bar p} collisions using 5.8 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. No excess is observed above Standard Model background, and the result is used to set upper limits on the production cross section of pairs of supersymmetric chargino and neutralino particles as a function of 'dark-photon' mass, where the dark photon is produced in the decay of the lightest supersymmetric particle.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for flavor changing neutral currents in single top quark production using 2.3 fb$^-1$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions

Description: We present a search for flavor changing neutral currents via quark-gluon couplings in a sample of single top quark final states corresponding to 2.3 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We select events containing a single top quark candidates with an additional jet, and obtain separation between signal and background using Bayesian neural networks. We find consistency between background expectation and observed data, and set limits on avor changing neutral current gluon couplings of the top quark to up quarks (tgu) and charm quarks (tgc). The cross section limits at the 95% C.L. are {sigma}{sub tgu} < 0.20 pb and {sigma}{sub tgc} < 0.27 pb. These correspond to limits on the top quark decay branching fractions of B(t {yields} gu) < 2.0 x 10{sup -4} and B(t {yields} gc) < 3.9 x 10{sup -3}.
Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for diphoton events with large missing transverse energy in 6.3 fb$^{-1}$ of $\mathbf{p\bar{p}}$ collisions at $\mathbf{\sqrt{s}=1.96}$~TeV

Description: We report a search for diphoton events with large missing transverse energy produced in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The data were collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, and correspond to 6.3 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. The observed missing transverse energy distribution is well described by the standard model prediction, and 95% C.L. limits are derived on two realizations of theories beyond the standard model. In a gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking scenario, the breaking scale {Lambda} is excluded for {Lambda} < 124 TeV. In a universal extra dimension model including gravitational decays, the compactification radius R{sub c} is excluded for R{sub c}{sup -1} < 477 GeV.
Date: August 1, 2010
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Abolins, Maris A.; U., /Michigan State et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department