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Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad: Background and Policy Issues

Description: This report provides background information on the organization, practice, and funding of U.S. diplomatic security efforts. It also provides summary information on the September 11, 2012, attack on U.S. facilities in Benghazi, Libya, as well as on the subsequent Accountability Review Board.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Tiersky, Alex & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Date: August 12, 2013
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Military Justice: Courts-Martial, an Overview

Description: This report gives a detailed overview of the military court-martial system, including a discussion of the three types of court-martials: summary, special, and general. It includes a chart showing procedural safeguards in federal and military courts.
Date: August 12, 2013
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Proposals

Description: Report that contains information on the legislative branch agency heads' appointment processes, length of tenures (if terms are set), reappointment or removal provisions (if any), salaries and benefits, and most recent appointments.
Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Syria's Chemical Weapons: Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides a brief history of the chemical weapons program in Syria. It discusses policy issues, latest development regarding the current chemical weapons program.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.; Kerr, Paul K. & Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides data on the minimum wage that was changed, and it presents its nominal and real value.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

Description: Report that provides a general overview of the tax treatment of the major business types, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, C corporations, subchapter S corporations, and limited liability companies.
Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Egypt in Crisis: Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the key issues for the 113th Congress related to Egypt.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Possible U.S. Intervention in Syria: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses reports of a mass casualty chemical weapons attack in the suburbs of Damascus and the possible punitive U.S. military action against the Asad regime.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Sharp, Jeremy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Loss of Federal Pensions for Members of Congress Convicted of Certain Offenses

Description: This report discusses the current law with respect to the loss of the federal pension of a Member of Congress for the conviction of certain crimes and the recent law to limit a former Member's receiving service credit toward a federal pension for any time served as a Member of Congress if that person is convicted of any one of a number of criminal offenses involving abuse of the public trust.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program that was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress

Description: Report that discusses the process of naming Navy ships, which have traditionally been chosen and announced by the Secretary of the Navy.
Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Description: This report discusses the strategic significance of Guam for defense buildup and the force relocation and deployments from the U.S. mainland. It also discusses the concerns and issues for Congress, such as allies and partner, China, and legislation.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Description: Report that gives an overview of the "deeming resolution" (referring to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle). It includes background information and a breakdown of House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, broken down by fiscal year for the cycles when there was no agreement on a budget resolution.
Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Chained Consumer Price Index: What Is It and Would It Be Appropriate for Cost-of-Living Adjustments?

Description: Report that provides technical and logistical information on how the Chained Consumer Price Index for all Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) is constructed and reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). It explains methodological and statistical differences between the standard Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the C-CPI-U. It then addresses a key impediment to moving to the C-CPI-U.
Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

China's Political Institutions and Leaders in Charts

Description: This report provides a snapshot of China's leading political institutions and current leaders in the form of nine organization charts and three tables. This chart-based report is intended to assist Members and their staffs seeking to understand where political institutions and individuals fit within the broader Chinese political system and to identify which Chinese officials are responsible for specific portfolios.
Date: November 12, 2013
Creator: Lawrence, Susan V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI): Budget Authority and Request, FY2010-FY2014

Description: This report discusses the financial assistance for global climate change initiatives in developing countries. The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI) -- one of the three main pillars to the 2010 directive -- aims to integrate climate change considerations into relevant foreign assistance, from FY2008 enacted funding request for FY2010 through the FY2014.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Current Debates over Exchange Rates: Overview and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides information on current debates over exchange rates in the global economy. It offers an overview of how exchange rates work; analyzes specific disagreements and debates; and examines existing frameworks for potentially addressing currency disputes. It also lays out some policy options available to Congress, should Members want to take action on exchange rate issues.
Date: November 12, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate… more
Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track?

Description: This report provides background information on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulatory activity during the Obama Administration to help address these issues. It examines major or controversial regulatory actions taken by or under development at EPA since January 2009, providing details on the regulatory action itself, presenting an estimated timeline for completion of the rule (including identification of related court or statutory deadlines), and, in general, providing EPA's estimates… more
Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Copeland, Claudia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Description: This report provides government-wide, multi-agency, and individual agency analyses of the President's FY2014 request as it relates to R&D and related activities. The President's budget seeks $142.773 billion for R&D in FY2014, a 1.3% increase (0.7% CAGR) over the actual FY2012 R&D funding level of $140.912 billion. Adjusted for inflation, the President's FY2014 R&D request represents a decrease of 2.6% from the FY2012 level (1.3% CAGR).
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Annual Fee on Health Insurers

Description: This report discusses the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) and the Reconciliation Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-152) that impose a fee on certain for-profit health insurers, starting in 2014.
Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: Kirchhoff, Suzanne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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