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Globalizing Cooperative Threat Reduction: A Survey of Options

Description: This report examines nonproliferation assistance programs, including cooperative threat reduction, to help reduce the risk of terrorist access to weapons of mass destruction (WMD). In the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act, Congress authorized the Bush Administration to spend $50 million of unobligated funds from the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program in states outside the former Soviet Union. A key underlying issue is whether countries that pose particular risks are prepared to provide adequate cooperation to achieve CTR objectives.
Date: April 15, 2004
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Illicit Drugs and the Terrorist Threat: Causal Links and Implications for Domestic Drug Control Policy

Description: The international traffic in illicit drugs contributes to terrorist risk through at least five mechanisms: supplying cash, creating chaos and instability, supporting corruption, providing “cover” and sustaining common infrastructures for illicit activity, and competing for law enforcement and intelligence attention. Of these, cash and chaos are likely to be the two most important.
Date: April 20, 2004
Creator: Kleiman, Mark A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities

Description: The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA or “the authority”) was established approximately one month after United States and coalition forces took control of Baghdad in Iraq on April 9, 2003.1 The authority’s mission was “to restore conditions of security and stability, to create conditions in which the Iraqi people can freely determine their own political future, (including by advancing efforts to restore and establish national and local institutions for representative governance) and facilitating economic recovery, sustainable reconstruction and development. This report discusses two views on how the authority was established, reviews selected characteristics of the authority, identifies statutory reporting requirements concerning the authority and the reconstruction of Iraq, and explores several policy issues.
Date: April 29, 2004
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy

Description: Foreign assistance is a fundamental component of the international affairs budget and is viewed by many as an essential instrument of U.S foreign policy. This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by addressing a number of the more frequently asked questions regarding the subject.
Date: April 15, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Nowels, Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NATO and the European Union

Description: Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions.
Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Immigration-Related Detention: Current Legislative Issues

Description: The attacks of September 11, 2001, have increased interest in the authority under statute to detain noncitizens (aliens) in the United States. Under the law there is broad authority to detain aliens while awaiting a determination of whether the noncitizen should be removed from the United States. The law also mandates that certain categories of aliens are subject to mandatory detention (i.e., the aliens must be detained).
Date: April 28, 2004
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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H.R. 1417: The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004

Description: H.R. 1417, 108th Congress, first session, was introduced on March 25, 2003 and passed by the House on March 3, 2004. If enacted, this bill would make extensive changed to the procedural framework for adjudicating royalty rates for compulsory licenses under the Copyright Act. This report details the background and legislative action on the Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004.
Date: April 22, 2004
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws, Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives

Description: This report provides a short summary of selected federal laws, executive orders, and presidential directives, currently in force, that govern computer security. The report focuses on the major roles and responsibilities assigned various federal agencies in the area of computer security.
Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Moteff, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Disarming Libya: Weapons of Mass Destruction

Description: On December 19, 2003, Libya announced it would dismantle its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and ballistic missile programs. Since then, U.S., British, and international officials have inspected and removed or destroyed key components of those programs, and Libya has provided valuable information, particularly about foreign suppliers. Libya’s WMD disarmament is a critical step towards reintegration into the world community, and a necessary but probably not sufficient prerequisite for lifting U.S. sanctions.
Date: April 22, 2004
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon & Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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