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Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site Environmental Report Calendar Year 2002

Description: The United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) and Washington TRU Solutions LLC (WTS) are dedicated to maintaining high quality management of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) environmental resources. DOE Order 5400.1, General Environmental Protection Program, and DOE Order 231.1, Environment, Safety, and Health Reporting, require that the environment at and near DOE facilities be monitored to ensure the safety and health of the public and the environment. This Waste Isolation Pilot Plant 2002 Site Environmental Report summarizes environmental data from calendar year 2002 that characterize environmental management performance and demonstrate compliance with federal and state regulations. This report was prepared in accordance with DOE Order 5400.1, DOE Order 231.1, and Guidance for the Preparation of DOE Annual Site Environmental Reports (ASERs) for Calendar Year 2002 (DOE Memorandum EH-41: Natoli:6-1336, April 4, 2003). These Orders and the guidance document require that DOE facilities submit an annual site environmental report to DOE Headquarters, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety, and Health; and the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED).
Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Services, Washington Regulatory and Environmental
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Testing V-A in top decay at CDF at squareroot s = 1.8 TeV

Description: The structure of the tbW vertex can be probed by measuring the polarization of the W in t {yields} W + b {yields} l + v + b. The invariant mass of the lepton and b quark measures the W decay angle which in turn allows a comparison with polarizations expected from a V-A and V+A tbW vertex. We measure the fraction by rate of Ws produced with a V+A coupling in lieu of the Standard Model V-A to be f{sub V+A} = -0.21{sub -0.24}{sup +0.42}(stat) {+-} 0.21(sys). We assign a limit of f{sub V+A} < 0.80 {at} 95% CL. By combining this result with a complementary observable in the same data, we assign a limit of f{sub V+A} < 0.61 {at} 95% CL. From this CDF Run I preliminary result, we find no evidence for a non-standard Model tbW vertex.
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Kilminster, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Photoinduced nucleation: a new technology for the detection of chemical contaminants. Final Report

Description: This research grant supported the creation and initial development of a new kind of chemical detector; one that can detect species at part per trillion levels because it does not rely on the direct measurement of a species presence; rather, it uses an indirect measurement of the effect of the trace species on the condensation nucleation of a supersaturated vapor. Since this nucleation process is extremely sensitive to the concentrations of certain types of impurities, this nucleation-based detection can be made more sensitive than any current spectroscopic detector.
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Katz, Joseph L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Asymmetric PML for the absorption of waves. Application to mesh refinement in electromagnetic particle-in-cell plasma simulations

Description: We present an extension of the Berenger Perfectly Matched Layer with additional terms and tunable coefficients which introduce some asymmetry in the absorption rate. We show that the discretized version of the new PML offers superior absorption rates than the discretized standard PML under a plane wave analysis. Taking advantage of the high rates of absorption of the new PML, we have devised a new strategy for introducing the technique of Mesh Refinement into electromagnetic Particle-In-Cell plasma simulations. We present the details of the algorithm as well as a 2-D example of its application to laser-plasma interaction in the context of fast ignition.
Date: September 24, 2003
Creator: Vay, J. L.; Adam, J. C. & Heron, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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First D-Zero jet measurements at squareroot s =1.96 TeV

Description: The authors present the first Run II measurements with the D0 detector of the inclusive jet and dijet cross sections at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. This analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of 34 pb{sup -1}. The results from a next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculation are compared to the measured cross sections. The theoretical calculation agrees with the data.
Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Begel, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy-Based Process Sensors

Description: The Analytical Development Section (ADS) of the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) developed a novel, monolithic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) probe for process monitoring as part of the Defense Programs Plant Directed Research and Development Program. The sensor incorporates multi-layer thin films on a fused-silica hemispherical lens. The simple optical design of the device increases robustness and fabrication precision and allows for sensitive SPR measurements to be made without complex polarizing and collimating optics. The utility of the probe is demonstrated for sensing moisture and hydrogen in process environments. Theoretical optical modeling of the SPR system and room temperature performance characteristics of the sensor are reported.
Date: September 8, 2003
Creator: McWhorter, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Sorbents as a Versatile Platform for Gas Separation

Description: The program objective was to develop materials and processes for industrial gas separations to reduce energy use and enable waste reduction. The approach chosen combined novel oxygen selective adsorbents and pressure swing adsorption (PSA) processes. Preliminary materials development and process simulation results indicated that oxygen selective adsorbents could provide a versatile platform for industrial gas separations. If fully successful, this new technology offered the potential for reducing the cost of producing nitrogen/oxygen co-products, high purity nitrogen, argon, and possibly oxygen. The potential energy savings for the gas separations are appreciable, but the end users are the main beneficiaries. Lowering the cost of industrial gases expands their use in applications that can employ them for reducing energy consumption and emissions.
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Stephenson, Neil
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Probability of Liquefaction for Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF) Site, Savannah River Site

Description: This report documents the probability of liquefaction (POL) for the Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF). The procedure for analysis of a critical layer of interest requires the following basic steps: (1) establish the probability of occurrence (POO) of ranges of 2.5 Hz bedrock motion based on a probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA); (2) define the critical layer that may be susceptible to liquefaction; (3) estimate distributions of cyclic stress ratio (CSR) (i.e., seismic demand) for the critical layer using site-specific soil properties corresponding to the bedrock motions; (4) estimate capacity of the critical layer based on site-specific cone penetration test (CPT) soundings and standard penetration test (SPT) blowcount data; and (5) sum the probability of liquefaction for each range of bedrock motion using empirical data correlating demand and capacity with liquefaction. The soil layer most susceptible to liquefaction is the critical layer. The critical layer is characterized by relatively low blowcount and low fines content and is established from soil layers below the water table. A key component for seismic demand is the establishment of the soil profile and it's uncertainty. The PDCF site is consistent with the 1997 SRS-specific model used to compute the site amplification database. Thus, previously derived site amplification functions reflecting the uncertainty in site properties and stratigraphy can be used to predict distributions of CSR given a specific earthquake magnitude and level of bedrock motion. The previously developed site amplification database reflects uncertainty in site response based on the large database of site shear-wave velocity profiles. Consequently, for each level of bedrock motion (from the PSHA) the site amplification database is used to establish the distribution of the expected CSR (demand) in the critical layer.
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Lee, R.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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RH Packaging Operations Manual

Description: This procedure provides operating instructions for the RH-TRU 72-B Road Cask, Waste Shipping Package. In this document, ''Packaging'' refers to the assembly of components necessary to ensure compliance with the packaging requirements (not loaded with a payload). ''Package'' refers to a Type B packaging that, with its radioactive contents, is designed to retain the integrity of its containment and shielding when subject to the normal conditions of transport and hypothetical accident test conditions set forth in 10 CFR Part 71. Loading of the RH 72-B cask can be done two ways, on the RH cask trailer in the vertical position or by removing the cask from the trailer and loading it in a facility designed for remote-handling (RH). Before loading the 72-B cask, loading procedures and changes to the loading procedures for the 72-B cask must be sent to CBFO at sitedocuments@wipp.ws for approval.
Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Westinghouse TRU Solutions LLC
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Zn speciation in a soil contaminated by the deposition of a dredged sediment by synchrotron X-ray techniques

Description: The nature and proportion of Zn species present in an agricultural soil overlaid by a dredged contaminated sediment have been untangled by the novel combination of three non-invasive synchrotron-based x-ray techniques: x-ray microfluorescence ({mu}SXRF), microdiffraction ({mu}XRD), and absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS). One primary (franklinite) and two secondary (phyllomanganate and phyllosilicate) Zn-containing minerals were identified in the initial soil, and another primary (ZnS) and a new secondary (Fe-(oxyhydr)oxide) Zn species in the covered soil. The quantitative analysis of EXAFS spectra recorded on bulk samples indicated that ZnS and Zn-Fe (oxyhydr)oxides amounted to 71+-10 percent and 27+-10 percent, respectively, and the other Zn species to less than 10 percent. The two new Zn species found in the covered soil result from the gravitational migration of ZnS particles initially present in the sediment, and from their further oxidative dissolution and fixation of leached Zn on F e (oxyhydr) oxides.
Date: September 1, 2003
Creator: Isaure, Marie-Pierre; Manceau, Alain; Laboudigue, Agnes; Tamura, Nobumichi & Marcus, Matthew A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ventilation technologies scoping study

Description: This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the needs of California, determining residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and level of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Walker, Iain S. & Sherman, Max H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of a toolbox of organic synthetic reactions that can be induced on individual molecules by STM

Description: OAK B262 Final Report DOE Grant No.: DE-FG03-01ER15263 ''Development of a toolbox of organic synthetic reactions that can be induced on individual molecules by STM'' Abstract Bommisetty V. Rao, Ki-Young Kwon, Robert Perry, Luke Nysen, Gregory Pavin, Qibin Zhang, Casey Dugger and Ludwig Bartels University of California at Riverside, Pierce Hall, Riverside, CA92521, email: Ludwig.Bartels@ucr.edu The key scientific objective of this project is the development of a set of reliable techniques for the addressal of specific bonds of individual molecules in order to assemble functional molecules on a metal surface at single-atom precision. Success in this direction will open up a conceptually novel route to single molecule chemistry, which can provide its products at any desired surface location without involving any lithographic steps at all. In the course of this project a number of halo-substituted aryls and alkyls where investigated with special concern to two properties: clean deposition of the reactants from the gas phase on metallic surfaces and STM-based addressability of individual substituents of them. In order to prevent contamination of the sample by deposition of solvent residue, a special depositions source was developed that uses a skimmed molecular beam. Exemplary substances studied were 1,3-iodobromobenzene (IBB), 3 bromopropionitrile (BPN) and 4,4'-dibromobiphenyl (DBB). In STM-induced reactions, IBB shows concerted activation of both halogens, which does not allow the individual addressal of one bond at a time. The concept of individual addressabilities of bonds in bi-substituted molecule was confirmed by use of BPN. This reactant is, however, strongly bound to the substrate and, hence, not very suitable for the assembly of larger aggregates, even if the nitrile group could be activated. We found individual activation of one of the bromines of DBB. This molecule lies flat on the surface and it is a promising candidate for the assembly of larger molecular …
Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Bartels, Ludwig
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diagnostics for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment

Description: The status of planning of the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) diagnostics is presented, with the emphasis on resolution of diagnostics access issues and on diagnostics required for the early phases of operation.
Date: September 16, 2003
Creator: Stratton, B. C.; Johnson, D.; Feder, R.; Fredrickson, E.; Neilson, H.; Takahashi, H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An efficient cooling loop for connecting cryocooler to a helium reservoir

Description: The magnet system of the VENUS ECR Ion Source at LBNL has two 1.5-watt cryocoolers suspended in the cryostat vacuum. Helium vapor from the liquid reservoir is admitted to a finned condenser bolted to the cryocooler 2nd stage and returns as liquid via gravity. Small-diameter flexible tubes allow the cryocoolers to be located remotely from the reservoir. With 3.1 watts load, the helium reservoir is maintained at 4.35 K, 0.05K above the cryocooler temperature. Design, analysis, and performance are presented.
Date: September 21, 2003
Creator: Taylor, C.E.; Abbott, C.S.R.; Leitner, D.; Leitner, M. & Lyneis, C.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ASPEN Plus Simulation of CO2 Recovery Process

Description: ASPEN Plus simulations have been created for a CO{sub 2} capture process based on adsorption by monoethanolamine (MEA). Three separate simulations were developed, one each for the flue gas scrubbing, recovery, and purification sections of the process. Although intended to work together, each simulation can be used and executed independently. The simulations were designed as template simulations to be added as a component to other more complex simulations. Applications involving simple cycle or hybrid power production processes were targeted. The default block parameters were developed based on a feed stream of raw flue gas of approximately 14 volume percent CO{sub 2} with a 90% recovery of the CO{sub 2} as liquid. This report presents detailed descriptions of the process sections as well as technical documentation for the ASPEN simulations including the design basis, models employed, key assumptions, design parameters, convergence algorithms, and calculated outputs.
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: White, Charles W., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Report on the first VLHC photon stop cryogenic design experiment

Description: As part of Fermilab's study of a Very Large Hadron Collider, a water-cooled photon stop was proposed as a device to intercept the synchrotron radiation emitted by the high-energy proton beams in the high field superconducting magnets with minimal plug-cooling power. Photon stops are radiation absorbers operating at room temperature that protrude into the beam tube at the end of each bending magnet to scrape the synchrotron light emitted by the beam one magnet up-stream. Among the technological challenges regarding photon stops is their cryo-design. The photon stop is water-cooled and operates in a cryogenic environment. A careful cryo-design is therefore essential to enable operation at minimum heat transfer between the room temperature sections and the cryogenic parts. A photon stop cryo-design was developed and a prototype was built. This paper presents the results of the cryogenic experiments conducted on the first VLHC photon stop prototype.
Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: al., Michael Geynisman et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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STEADY STATE FLAMMABLE GAS RELEASE RATE CALCULATION & LOWER FLAMMABILITY LEVEL EVALUATION FOR HANFORD TANK WASTE [SEC 1 & 2]

Description: Flammable gases such as hydrogen, ammonia, and methane are observed in the tank dome space of the Hanford Site high-level waste tanks. This report assesses the steady-state flammability level under normal and off-normal ventilation conditions in the tank dome space for 177 double-shell tanks and single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site. The steady-state flammability level was estimated from the gas concentration of the mixture in the dome space using estimated gas release rates, Le Chatelier's rule and lower flammability limits of fuels in an air mixture. A time-dependent equation of gas concentration, which is a function of the gas release and ventilation rates in the dome space, has been developed for both soluble and insoluble gases. With this dynamic model, the time required to reach the specified flammability level at a given ventilation condition can be calculated. In the evaluation, hydrogen generation rates can be calculated for a given tank waste composition and its physical condition (e.g., waste density, waste volume, temperature, etc.) using the empirical rate equation model provided in Empirical Rate Equation Model and Rate Calculations of Hydrogen Generation for Hanford Tank Waste, HNF-3851. The release rate of other insoluble gases and the mass transport properties of the soluble gas can be derived from the observed steady-state gas concentration under normal ventilation conditions. The off-normal ventilation rate is assumed to be natural barometric breathing only. A large body of data is required to do both the hydrogen generation rate calculation and the flammability level evaluation. For tank waste that does not have sample-based data, a statistical-based value from probability distribution regression was used based on data from tanks belonging to a similar waste group. This report (Revision 3) updates the input data of hydrogen generation rates calculation for 177 tanks using the waste composition information in the Best-Basis …
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Hu, T. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Control system for BCP processing facility at FNAL

Description: The surface processing is one of the key elements of superconducting RF cavity fabrication. Safety and reliability are the main requirements for the chemical surface treatment facility being developed at FNAL. Accepting the Buffered Chemical Polishing (BCP) as the baseline process, a ''gravity feed and open etching tank'' approach has been chosen at this stage. This choice resulted in the introduction of a control system with a strong automation since the number of elements to be controlled at different steps of the process is rather big. In order to allow for maximum flexibility, two operational modes were defined within the control system: semi-automatic, which requires an operator's decision to move from one stage to another, and manual. This paper describes the main features of the control system for the BCP facility that is under development at FNAL.
Date: September 11, 2003
Creator: al., Cristian Boffo et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cost Effective, High Efficiency Integrated Systems Approach to Auxilliary Electric Motors

Description: The CARAT program, carried out by Kinetic Art & Technology Corporation (KAT), has been one of the most commercially successful KAT R&D programs to date. Based on previous development of its technology, KAT designed, constructed and tested a highly efficient motor and controller system under this CARAT program with supplemental commercial funding. Throughout this CARAT effort, the technical objectives have been refined and refocused. Some objectives have been greatly expanded, while others have been minimized. The determining factor in all decisions to refocus the objectives was the commercial need, primarily the needs of KAT manufacturing partners. Several companies are employing the resulting CARAT motor and controller designs in prototypes for commercial products. Two of these companies have committed to providing cost share in order to facilitate the development. One of these companies is a major manufacturing company developing a revolutionary new family of products requiring the ultra-high system efficiency achievable by the KAT motor and controller technologies (known as Segmented ElectroMagnetic Array, or SEMA technology). Another company requires the high efficiency, quiet operation, and control characteristics afforded by the same basic motor and controller for an advanced air filtration product. The combined annual production requirement projected by these two companies exceeds one million units by 2005.
Date: September 26, 2003
Creator: Jr., Roy Kessinger; Seymour, Keith; Angal, Kanchan; Wolf, Jason; Brewer, Steve & Schrank, Leonard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Top: Latest results from the Tevatron - Cross section and mass

Description: The Tevatron is presently the world's only source of top quark production. This presentation summarizes the latest Run II results on top physics obtained by the CDF and D0 collaborations, using data taken until mid-January 2003. The first cross section measurements at 1.96 TeV in dilepton and lepton+jets channels agree with the NLO (Next-to-Leading-Order) theoretical predictions. Two top mass measurements, one by CDF using Run II data and another by D0 using an improved technique anticipate the improvements to come in the near future.
Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Coca, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Enhanced Bioremediation at the Savannah River Site to Remediate Pesticides and PCBs

Description: Enhanced bioremediation is quickly developing into an economical and viable technology for the remediation of contaminated soils. Until recently, chlorinated organic compounds have proven difficult to bioremediate. This article reviews the ongoing remediation occurring at the Chemicals, Metals, and Pesticides (CMP) Pits using windrow turners to facilitate microbial degradation of certain pesticides and PCBs.
Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Beul, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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