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Computations of VSWR and mode conversion for complex gyrotron window geometries

Description: A computational method is described for determining VSWR and mode conversion for complex gyrotron window geometries. Assuming symmetric TE/sub on/ modes propagating in a circular cross-section guide, containing the window, one can write the total solution to the wave equation as the sum of the incident wave plus a wave scattered from the dielectric window region. The equations can be reformulated in terms of the scattered wave, resulting in a Helmholtz wave equation with an inhomogeneous driving term corresponding to the polarization current of the dielectric. Solutions are obtained using a suitable modification of the wave equation solver OPNCAV, and reflection coefficients, VSWR's and mode conversion information are then derived from an analysis of the reflected and transmitted powers. VSWR computations for typical single- and double-disk windows agree with conventional impedance calculations to within about 1%. Results for more complicated curved-boundary windows which cannot be treated by the standard methods are discussed.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Salop, A. & Caplan, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of crystalline rocks in the Lake Superior region, USA: implications for nuclear waste isolation. [Wisconsin, Upper Peninsula of Michigan and Minnesota]

Description: The Lake Superior region (Wisconsin, the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, and Minnesota) contains 41 Precambrian crystalline rock complexes comprising 64 individual but related rock bodies with known surface exposures. Each complex has a map area greater than 78 km/sup 2/. About 54% of the rock complexes have areas of up to 500 km/sup 2/, 15% fall between 500 km/sup 2/ and 1000 km/sup 2/, 19% lie between 1000 km/sup 2/ and 2500 km/sup 2/, and 12% are over 2500 km/sup 2/. Crystalline rocks of the region vary widely in composition, but they are predominantly granitic. Repeated thermo-tectonic events have produced early Archean gneisses, migmatites, and amphibolites with highly tectonized fabrics that impart a heterogeneous and anisotropic character to the rocks. Late Archean rocks are usually but not invariably gneissose and migmatitic. Proterozoic rocks of the region include synorogenic (foliated) granitic rocks, anorogenic (non-foliated) granites, and the layered gabbro-anorthosite-troctolite intrusives of the rift-related Keweenawan igneous activity. Compared with the Archean rocks of the region, the Proterozoic bodies generally lack highly tectonized fabrics and have more definable contacts where visible. Anorogenic intrusions are relatively homogeneous and isotropic. On the basis of observed geologic characteristics, postorogenic and anorogenic crystalline rock bodies located away from recognized tectonic systems have attributes that make them relatively more desirable as a possible site for a nuclear waste repository in the region. This study was conducted at Argonne National Laboratory under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy through the Office of Crystalline Repository Development at Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, Ohio. 84 references, 4 figures, 3 tables.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Sood, M.K.; Flower, M.F.J. & Edgar, D.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Static and dynamic analyses on the MFTF-B vacuum vessel. Revision 1

Description: The Mirror Fusion Test Facility is a major magnetic fusion energy project at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. An important component of this facility is the vacuum vessel, which forms the vacuum chamber. The vessel is supported on twenty-two pairs of legs that rest on reinforced concrete piers. In performing static and dynamic analyses on the vacuum vessel, we separately investigated the load distribution under gravity loads, pressure loads, electromagnetic loads, and thermal loads. We also performed sophisticated dynamic analyses to predict the structural behavior under a postulated earthquake. The modeling assumptions and analytic procedures are highlighted in this paper.
Date: January 15, 1984
Creator: Ng, D.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential of high-average-power solid state lasers

Description: We discuss the possibility of extending solid state laser technology to high average power and of improving the efficiency of such lasers sufficiently to make them reasonable candidates for a number of demanding applications. A variety of new design concepts, materials, and techniques have emerged over the past decade that, collectively, suggest that the traditional technical limitations on power (a few hundred watts or less) and efficiency (less than 1%) can be removed. The core idea is configuring the laser medium in relatively thin, large-area plates, rather than using the traditional low-aspect-ratio rods or blocks. This presents a large surface area for cooling, and assures that deposited heat is relatively close to a cooled surface. It also minimizes the laser volume distorted by edge effects. The feasibility of such configurations is supported by recent developments in materials, fabrication processes, and optical pumps. Two types of lasers can, in principle, utilize this sheet-like gain configuration in such a way that phase and gain profiles are uniformly sampled and, to first order, yield high-quality (undistorted) beams. The zig-zag laser does this with a single plate, and should be capable of power levels up to several kilowatts. The disk laser is designed around a large number of plates, and should be capable of scaling to arbitrarily high power levels.
Date: September 25, 1984
Creator: Emmett, J.L.; Krupke, W.F. & Sooy, W.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department