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Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Description: The methods of NACA TN No. 995 have been slightly modified and extended in include flows with circulation by considering the alteration of the singularities of the incompressible solution due to the presence of the hypergeometric functions in the analytic continuation of the solution. It was found that for finite Mach numbers the only case in which the nature of the singularity can remain unchanged is for a ratio of specific heats equal to -1. From a study of two particular flows it seems that the effect of geometry cannot be neglected, and the conventional "pressure-correction" formulas are not valid, even in the subsonic region if the body is thick, especially if there is a supersonic region in the flow.
Date: June 1948
Creator: Kuo, Yung-Huai
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tables and charts of flow parameters across oblique shocks

Description: Shock-wave equations have been evaluated for a range of Mach number in front of the shock from 1.05 to 4.0. Mach number behind the shock, pressure ratio, derivation of flow, and angle of shock are presented on charts. Values are also included for density ratio and change in entropy.
Date: August 1948
Creator: Neice, Mary M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-dimensional subsonic compressible flows past arbitrary bodies by the variational method

Description: Instead of solving the nonlinear differential equation which governs the compressible flow, an approximate method of solution by means of the variational method is used. The general problem of steady irrotational flow past an arbitrary body is formulated. Two examples were carried out, namely, the flow past a circular cylinder and the flow past a thin curved surface. The variational method yields results of velocity and pressure distributions which compare excellently with those found by existing methods. These results indicate that the variational method will yield good approximate solution for flow past both thick and thin bodies at both high and low Mach numbers.
Date: March 1951
Creator: Wang, Chi-Teh
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Considerations of the Total Drag of Supersonic Airfoil Sections

Description: The results of calculations of the viscous and pressure drags of some two-dimensional supersonic airfoils at zero lift are presented. The results indicate that inclusion of viscous drag alters many previous results regarding the desirability of certain airfoil shapes for securing low drags at supersonic speeds. At certain Reynolds and Mach numbers, for instance, a circular-arc airfoil may theoretically have less drag than the previously advocated symmetrical wedge-shape profile; although under different conditions, the circular-arc airfoil may have a higher drag.
Date: July 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese & Klunker, E. Bernard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tables for the Computation of Wave Drag of Arrow Wings of Arbitrary Airfoil Section

Description: Tables and computing instructions for the rapid evaluation of the wave drag of delta wings and of arrow wings having a ration of the tangent of the trailing-edge sweep angle to the tangent of the leading-edge sweep angle in the range from -1.0 to 0.8. The tables cover a range of both subsonic and supersonic leading edges.
Date: June 1954
Creator: Grant, Fredrick C. & Cooper, Morton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical investigation of fully developed laminar flow in tubes with heat transfer with fluid properties variable along the radius

Description: From Introduction: "In the analytical investigation reported herein, which was conducted in the NACA Lewis laboratory, both velocity and temperature distribution are obtained for fully developed laminar flow in tubes of gases and of liquid metals with variable fluid properties."
Date: July 1, 1951
Creator: Deissler, Robert G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tensile tests of round-head, flat-head, and brazier-head rivets

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the tensile strength of round-head (AN43C), flat-head(AN442), and brazier-head (AN4556) aluminum-alloy rivets because of the scarcity of information on the tensile strength of rivets. The results of the investigation are presented as curves that show the variation of the ratio of the tensile strength of the rivet to the tensile strength of the rivet crank with the ratio of the sheet thickness to the rivet diameter for the different types of rivet.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Schuette, Evan H.; Bartone, Leonard M. & Mandel, Merven W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A hot-wire circuit with very small time lag

Description: A circuit for a hot-wire anemometer for the measurement of fluctuating flow is presented in the present report. The principal elements of the circuit are a Wheatstone bridge, one branch of which is the hot wire; and an electronic amplifier and a current regulator for the brief current which in combination maintain the bridge balance constant. Hence the hot wire is kept at practically constant resistance and temperature, and the time lag caused by thermal inertia of the wire is thereby reduced. Through the addition of a nonlinear amplifying stage the reading of the instrument has been rendered proportional to the velocity. A discussion of certain characteristics of the circuit and the results of related calibrating tests are given.
Date: February 1, 1943
Creator: Weske, John R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods of Measurement of High Air Velocities by the Hot-Wire Method

Description: Investigations of strengths of hot wires at high velocities were conducted with platinum, nickel, and tungsten at approximately 200 Degrees Celcius hot-wire temperature. The results appear to disqualify platinum for velocities approaching the sonic range; whereas nickel withstands sound velocity, and tungsten may be used for supersonic velocities under standard atmospheric conditions. Hot wires must be supported by rigid prolongs at high velocities to avoid wire breakage. Resting current measurements for constant temperature show agreement with King's relation.
Date: February 1, 1943
Creator: Weske, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The electrical structure of thunderstorms

Description: The time histories of thunderstorm charge distribution during three storms occurring during the summer of 1940 in the vicinity of the Albuquerque Airport were investigated by the use of eight synchronized recording electrometers arranged in a particular pattern over a field 1.6 kilometers above sea level.
Date: November 1, 1942
Creator: Workman, E J; Helzer, R E & Pelsor, G T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beam and torsion tests of aluminum-alloy 615-T tubing

Description: Tests were made to determine the effect of length and the effect of ratios of diameter to wall thickness upon the flexural and torsional moduli of failure of 61S-T aluminum-alloy tubing. The moduli of failure in bending, as determined by tests in which the tubing was loaded on the neutral axis at the one-third points of the span, were found to bear an approximately linear relationship with diameter-thickness ratio and were practically independent of span within the limits investigated. Empirical equations are given describing the relations obtained. The moduli of failure in torsion were found to be dependent upon length as well as upon diameter-thickness ratios. Empirical equations are given for predicting strengths within the range of plastic buckling. Within the elastic range, available torsion theories were found to be satisfactory.
Date: October 1, 1942
Creator: Moore, R L & Holt, Marshall
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A subpress for compressive tests

Description: A subpress for compressive tests is described. The subpress was designed primarily for use in developing and investigating methods for testing thin sheet metal in compression. Provision was made for testing fixed-end and flat-end specimens with or without various types of lateral support against buckling. Compressive stress-strain data for a sheet of 0.032-inch 24S-RT aluminum alloy were obtained with the subpress by the pack method and by the single-thickness method. The data showed small scatter and the stress-strain curves obtained by the two methods were in close agreement.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Aitchison, C S & Miller, James A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improving the performance of a compression ignition engine by directing flow of inlet air

Description: The object of this report is to present the results of tests performed by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics to determine the effect on engine performance of directing the flow of the inlet air to a 5-inch by 7-inch cylinder, solid injection, compression ignition engine, After a few preliminary tests, comparative runs were made at a speed of 1500 r.p.m. with and without directed air flow. It was found that directing the flow of the inlet air toward the fuel injection valve gave steadier engine operation, and an appreciable increase in power, and decreased fuel consumption. The results indicate the possibility of improving the performance of a given type of combustion chamber without changing its shape and with no change in valve timing. They would also seem to prove that directional turbulence, set up before the inlet valve of a four-stroke cycle engine, continues in the engine cylinder throughout the compression stroke.
Date: July 1, 1946
Creator: Kemper, Carlton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department