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Flight and test-stand investigation of high-performance fuels in double-row radial air-cooled engines 1: determination of cooling characteristics of flight engine

Description: Report discussing the cooling characteristics of a 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engine in a four-engine airplane. The effects of charge-air flow, cooling-air pressure drop, and fuel-air ratio on the cooling characteristics were measured separately. The cooling equation, rear middle-barrel temperature, cooling-limited manifold pressure, and maximum cruising power versus temperature-limited power are described.
Date: December 20, 1944
Creator: Blackman, Calvin C.; White, H. Jack & Pragliola, Philip C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight and test-stand investigation of high-performance fuels in modified double-row radial air-cooled engines 1: determination of the cooling characteristics of the flight engine

Description: Report discussing the cooling characteristics of a modified 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engine installed in a four-engine airplane at a pressure altitude of 7000 feet. Testing of the variable charge-air flow, variable cooling-air pressure drop, and variable fuel-air ratio was conducted. The cooling equation, temperature-limited performance, maximum engine temperatures, and other information predicted by calculations is described.
Date: July 9, 1945
Creator: Werner, Milton; Blackman, Calvin C. & White, H. Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight and test-stand investigation of high-performance fuels in double-row radial air-cooled engines 2: flight knock data and comparison of fuel knock limits with engine cooling limits in flight

Description: Report discussing a comparison of the antiknock characteristics of triptane with a temperature-sensitive blending agent and of the fuel knock limits with engine cooling limits. Estimates were also made of temperature-limited engine performance at several flight and engine conditions.
Date: December 30, 1944
Creator: White, H. Jack; Blackman, Calvin C. & Werner, Milton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight and test-stand investigation of high-performance fuels in modified double-row radial air-cooled engines 2: flight knock data and comparison of fuel knock limits with engine cooling limits in flight

Description: Report discussing tests on three fuels in a 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engine at different engine speeds, blower ratios, and spark settings.
Date: August 4, 1945
Creator: White, H. Jack; Pragliola, Philip C. & Blackman, Calvin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight measurements of the flying qualities of an F6F-3 airplane (BuAer No. 04776) 1: longitudinal stability and control

Description: Report discussing flight measurements of the handling qualities of an F6F-3 obtained over the course of thirty flights and under a variety of conditions. The longitudinal stability and control of the plane were found to be satisfactory by the test pilots. Information about the elevator control, flaps, and the longitudinal trimming device is provided in greater detail.
Date: February 13, 1945
Creator: Williams, Walter C. & Reeder, John P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight measurements of the flying qualities of an F6F-3 airplane (BuAer No. 04776) 2: lateral and directional stability and control

Description: Report discussing the lateral and directional stability and control of the F6F-3 airplane in a variety of flying conditions. Information about the control-free lateral oscillations, aileron control characteristics, maximum sideslip, dihedral effect, blow-up characteristics of the landing flaps, rudder, pitching moment, and power of the rudder trim tab and aileron trim tab is included.
Date: February 13, 1945
Creator: Williams, Walter C. & Reeder, John P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight measurements of the effect on elevator stick forces of stabilizer incidence and elevator rib spacing on the P-63A-1-BE series airplane

Description: From Summary: "Flight tests were made to determine the cause and correction for the unusual stick-free instability of the original production P-63 airplane in high-speed straight flight." The rib spacing and stabilizer incidence of the original design were found to increase instability. When they were both altered, stability was improved and fabric deflection was reduced, but stick forces were not substantially altered.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Johnson, Harold I. & Mungall, Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of a rudder with a spring tab on an F6F-3 airplane (BuAer No.04776)

Description: Report discussing testing on an F6F-3 with a spring-tab rudder to determine the directional stability and control characteristics. Using the spring-tab rudder was found to result in lower trim-force change with speed and lower pedal forces in sideslips than the original rudder. Pilots were found to prefer the maneuverability of this configuration.
Date: March 1945
Creator: Williams, Walter C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-spinning, longitudinal-trim, and tumbling tests of 1/17.8-scale models of the Cornelius XFG-1 glider

Description: Report discussing testing on the spin and recovery characteristics, longitudinal-trimming characteristics at extreme angles of attack, and tumbling characteristics of a model of the Cornelius XFG-1 glider. The effects of loading, mass distribution, and center-of-gravity position were determined. They also explored the inverted spin characteristics and spin-recovery parachute requirements.
Date: January 1946
Creator: Stone, Ralph W., Jr. & Daughtridge, Lee T., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-spinning-tunnel tests of a 1/23.75-scale model of the Douglas DC-3 airplane

Description: Report presenting testing of a model of the Douglas DC-3 airplane for several loading conditions. The load factor for the complete airplane, for the horizontal tail, and the force to start moving the elevator downward were estimated for some steady spins. Testing occurred at 2500 feet and 10,000 feet.
Date: June 1942
Creator: MacDougall, George F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind Tunnel Investigation of the Effects of Slot Shape and Flap Location on the Characteristics of a Low-Drag Airfoil Equipped with a 0.25-Chord Slotted Flap

Description: Tests were conducted at dynamic pressure of 50 lb per square foot with lift drag and pitch moment measurements throughout useful angle of attack range for constant flap deflection and position of a low-drag airfoil. Two slots were investigated and practical flap paths were selected for each Slot shape had a negligible effect on the maximum lift coefficient flap deflected, the rounded-entry slot had lower profile drag.
Date: December 1944
Creator: Holtzclaw, Ralph W. & Weisman, Yale
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of two models representing intermediate inboard and outboard wing sections of the XB-36 airplane

Description: Report presenting testing in the two-dimensional low-turbulence pressure tunnel and the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel of two models made by the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, one of the outboard section and one of the inboard section.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Bogdonoff, Seymour M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of ice formation in the induction system of an aircraft engine 1: ground tests

Description: From Summary: "Ground tests were conducted on a twin-engine fighter airplane to study icing of an induction system incorporating an exhaust-driven turbosupercharger. The ground tests were made to determine the disposition of free water in the induction system of the airplane, to determine the charge-air heat rise available from the turbosupercharger, and to correlate actual airplane-test results with those of laboratory tests."
Date: March 1946
Creator: Essex, Henry A.; Zlotowski, Edward D. & Ellisman, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of ice formation in the induction system of an aircraft engine 2: flight tests

Description: From Summary: "Flight tests were conducted on a twin-engine fighter airplane at pressure altitudes up to 10,000 feet with simulated conditions of moderate, heavy, and excessive rain to determine the increase in enthalpy of the charge air due to the turbosupercharger, to determine the rate of enthalpy increase of the charge air resulting from a sudden increase of engine power, and to compare the conditions that caused induction-system icing in flight with those that resulted in icing of the same carburetor and supercharger inlet elbow in laboratory tests."
Date: June 1946
Creator: Essex, Henry A.; Ellisman, Carl & Zlotowski, Edward D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of slipstream effects on a wing-inlet oil-cooler ducting system of a twin-engine airplane in the Ames 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel

Description: Report discussing an investigation of wing-inlet oil-cooler ducts on a twin-engine airplane to determine internal and external-flow characteristics of the ducting installation. Testing was also performed on revised inlets to attempt to develop a ducting system with low overall losses throughout the operating range.
Date: March 10, 1945
Creator: Chapman, Dean R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Four Full-Scale Propellers to Determine the Effect of Trailing-Edge Extensions on Propeller Aerodynamic Characteristics

Description: Propellers with trailing-edge extensions were studied to determine aerodynamic characteristics. Trailing-edge extension increased power absorbed by propeller with little loss in efficiency. Power coefficient for maximum efficiency was greater for 20% camber type extension than for 20% straight type extension over range of advance ratio of 1.0 to 2.5 although camber type was less efficient. Efficiency was about the same for cruising and high-speed at a high power coefficient for propeller with extension.
Date: July 1945
Creator: Maynard, Julian D. & Evans, Albert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Loss of xylidines in overwater storage of xylidine-blended fuel

Description: Tests were undertaken to determine the relationships for estimating the maximum amount of a water-soluble gasoline additive that will diffuse from the gasoline to the water when fuel is stored over the water and to determine from the relationships the amount of xylidines that will diffuse from the gasoline to the water in an overwater-storage system.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O. & Tischler, Adelbert O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance selection charts for gliders and twin-engine tow planes

Description: Report presenting performance charts for gliders and twin-engine tow planes with different degrees of aerodynamic and structural refinement. The glider charts display the gliding angle, useful load, stalling speeds, power required for level flight at various speeds, and power required for level flight while climbing at various speeds. The tow-plane charts show the stalling speeds, power required for level flight at various speeds, and power required for level flight while climbing at various speeds.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese; Fitch, G. M. & Schultz, Wayne F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nitrous oxide supercharging of an aircraft-engine cylinder

Description: Report discussing tests to determine the performance of an aircraft engine cylinder using nitrous oxide to provide additional supercharging. The test results of injecting it as a gas and calculated results of injecting it as a liquid are described.
Date: June 26, 1945
Creator: Tauschek, Max J.; Corrington, Lester C. & Huppert, Merle C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operating stresses in aircraft-engine crankshafts and connecting rods 1: slip-ring and bush combinations for dynamic-strain measurements

Description: From Summary: "Tests were conducted to develop a slip-ring and brush system that will perform satisfactorily in aircraft-engine, dynamic-strain-measuring applications where resistance-wire strain gages are the means of measuring the strain and to correlate the data obtained from tests in order to provide a basis for predicting the performance of similar slip-ring and brush systems operating under conditions similar to those imposed by these tests." 24 combinations of materials were tested dry and 8 were tested in oil. The five most predictable systems were identified.
Date: March 30, 1945
Creator: Dutee, Francis J.; Phillips, Franklyn W. & Kemp, Richard H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Diving Moments of a Pursuit Airplane in the Ames 16-Foot High Speed Wind Tunnel

Description: From Summary: "A pursuit type airplane encountered severe diving moments in high-speed dives which make recovery difficult. For the purpose of investigating these diving moments and finding means for their reduction, a 1/6 scale model of the airplane was tested in the 16-foot high-speed wind tunnel at Ames Aeronautical Laboratory. The test results indicate that up to a Mach number of at least 0.75, the limit of the tests, the dive-recovery difficulties can be alleviated and the longitudinal maneuverability improved by the substitution of a long symmetrical fuselage for the standard fuselage."
Date: October 1942
Creator: Erickson, Albert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-distribution measurements of a low-drag airfoil with slotted flap submitted by Curtiss-Wright Corporation

Description: From Summary: "Pressure-distribution measurements were made at the request of the Materiel Division, U.S. Army Air Corps, on a 24-inch-chord wooden model equipped with a slotted flap and submitted by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation. The tests were made in the Langley two-dimensional tunnel at a Reynolds number of about 5,600,000."
Date: December 1941
Creator: Abbott, I. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department