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Technology Utilization/Commercialization Activities at Argonne National Laboratory

Description: Technology utilization/commercialization is the process of applying technology to satisfy a preexisting need. The present report examines the organizational relationships involved, the controlling factors, and the role of the technology agent. Included is a brief assessment of the technology commercialization activities currently under way as part of specific research and development projects at Argonne National Laboratory. In addition to the usual supporting references, an appendix is devoted to a sampling of the relevant literature.
Date: September 1976
Creator: Venard, J. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Urban Design and Public Exposure to Carbon Monoxide

Description: In protecting the public from the risk of exposure to damaging levels of carbon monoxide, two approaches are possible; the pollutant's concentration may be lowered by traffic management measures or the public's rate of exposure may be reduced through urban design features. The present emphasis on traffic management stresses improving the flow and reducing the level of traffic, goals that are extremely costly to achieve in downtown areas. This paper examines ways to reduce risk of exposure by the physical design of new downtown residential developments. The concept is not a novel one, having been successfully implemented in industry to provide occupational health and safety.
Date: 1976
Creator: Santini, Danilo J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Econometric Model of Intraurban Location of Emitters and Receptors of Industrial Air Pollution

Description: An econometric model of air pollution for an intraurban location (the Chicago area) is constructed and estimated. The model treats employment and population as simultaneously determined. Exogenous variables are selected to represent transportation infrastructure investments resulting primarily from federal and state decisions. The exogenous variables account for the relative services provided by highways, commuter railroads, rail rapid transit, waterways, and airports. The employment location equations appear to be considerably more successful than those in previous studies. These equations indicate that waterway availability constrains the locational options of most major industrial air polluters; that highway accessibility is a more influential factor in industrial than services location choices; that rail rapid transit accessibility is more important to services than industrial locations; and that major airports attract light industrial development. The success of the employment location equations reflects the importance of disaggregating intraurban modes of transport and of adding to urban location models the local effects of interurban modes of transport such as water and air.
Date: February 1977
Creator: Santini, Danilo J. & Braid, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Overview of Integrated Community Energy Systems

Description: This report is designed to analyze the commercialization potential of various concepts of community-scale energy systems that have been termed Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). A case analysis of alternative ICES concepts applied to a major metropolitan development complex is documented. The intent of this study is twofold: (1) to develop a framework for comparing ICES technologies to conventional energy supply systems and (2) to identify potential problems in the commercialization of new systems approaches to energy conservation. In brief, the ICES Program of the ERDA Office of Energy Conservation is intended to identify the opportunities for energy conservation in the community context through analysis, development, and/or demonstration of: location and design of buildings, building complexes, and infrastructure links; engineering and systems design of existing, emerging, and advanced energy production and delivery technologies and systems; regulatory designs for public planning, administration, and regulation of energy-conserving community development and energy services; and financial planning for energy-conserving community development and energy supply systems.
Date: January 1977
Creator: Croke, K. G.; Hurter, Arthur P.; Lerner, E.; Breen, W. & Baum, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Factors that Influence the Acceptance of Integrated Community Energy Systems

Description: This report is part of a series of studies designed to analyze the commercialization potential of various concepts of community-scale energy systems that have been termed Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). The study reported here concerns ways that affected individuals and organizations will respond to proposed ICES development projects. The intent is an initial examination of several institutional sectors that will: (1) anticipate responses that could impede ICES proposals and (2) provide an information base from which strategies to address adverse responses can be formulated.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Kennedy, A. S.; Tschanz, J. F.; Mosena, D.; Erley, D.; Gil, E.; Slovak, P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prevention of Significant Deterioration: Implications for Energy Research and Development

Description: This report examines the implications of thee Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 concerned with provisions designed to prevent the significant deterioration of air quality in areas of the nation where the ambient air is cleaner than the minimum levels required to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The legislation will affect the economic competitiveness of alternative fuel cycles for the generation of power and will have implications for the future siting of all new major sources of emissions. This paper examines the potential effects of Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) legislation on energy technologies and industrial facilities and, in particular, the possible effects on energy research and development programs of the Department of Energy (DOE).
Date: February 10, 1978
Creator: Garvey, Doris B.; Streets, David G.; Kung, Shyang-Lai & Leppert, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department